Corneal Flash Burns
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:
A corneal flash burn is when your cornea is burned by too much ultraviolet (UV) light. The cornea is the clear layer of tissue that covers the front of your eye.
You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.
You may have permanent eye damage, even with treatment. You may get an eye infection. If you have surgery to replace your cornea, your body may reject the new cornea. You may need to have another surgery. You may develop a cataract. Without treatment, your pain may become worse. You may have a hard time keeping your eye open. You may have vision loss or permanent eye damage.
WHILE YOU ARE HERE:
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- Pain medicine: You may be given prescription medicine to take away or decrease pain. Do not wait until the pain is severe before you ask for more pain medicine. This medicine may be given as an eye drop, cream, pill, or IV.
- Antibiotic medicine: This medicine will help prevent an eye infection. It may be given as an eye drop or ointment.
- Cycloplegic medicine: This medicine dilates your pupil and relaxes your eye muscles. This will help decrease your pain.
- Slit-lamp test: This test uses a microscope to look into your eye and check for injury. A dye may be used to look for damage to your cornea.
- Visual acuity test: This test checks your vision and eye movements.
- Artificial tears and ointment: Artificial tears are used to keep your eye moist. Ointment is used to soothe and protect your eye. This will decrease your pain and help prevent you eyelid from sticking to your eye.
- Cool, moist bandage: This is applied to your eye and covered with a small ice pack to decrease pain.
- Eye patch: An eye patch or plastic cover will help protect your eye as it heals.
- Surgery: You may need surgery if your corneal flash burn has caused severe damage to your eye. Your caregiver may replace your damaged cornea with a new one.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.