WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:
Cocaine is a type of illegal drug. It is a white powder that is snorted (sniffed) or mixed with water and injected. It may also be made into free base (crack) and smoked. It may also be put on areas such as the gums or vagina.
Signs of cocaine abuse:
Cocaine abuse may lead to problems being around others, doing your job, or new medical problems. You may have the following problems:
- You use more cocaine than you first wanted to.
- You are unable to decrease or control your use of cocaine.
- You spend much of your time using cocaine, or dealing with a hangover after you use cocaine.
- You spend less time around others, at work, or doing activities that you enjoy.
- You keep using cocaine, even when it causes physical or mental problems.
How cocaine may affect your baby:
- Cocaine may harm your unborn baby's brain, heart, stomach, and bowels. It also increases your risk of a miscarriage, early delivery, or stillbirth. Cocaine can cause long-term medical problems for your baby.
- Your baby may go through withdrawal after he is born. He may have seizures, problems waking, or feeding. He may overreact to sounds or movement by violently jerking or jumping. He may vomit or have diarrhea. He may have learning difficulties or other behavior problems as he gets older.
Signs and symptoms of cocaine withdrawal:
Cocaine withdrawal happens when you have used cocaine for a long period of time, and you suddenly take less or stop taking it. Symptoms may begin within a few hours after you decrease or stop taking cocaine and may include the following:
- Severe sadness or fatigue
- Restlessness, nervousness, or anxiety
- Nausea or vomiting
- Trouble sleeping or difficulty waking up
- Unpleasant dreams that seem real
- Seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not really there
- Sweating, shaking, or a fast heartbeat
Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:
Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.
For support and more information:
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
PO Box 2345
Rockville , MD 20847-2345
Web Address: http://www.samhsa.gov
- National Institute on Drug Abuse
6001 Executive Boulevard, Room 5213
Bethesda , MD 20892-9561
Phone: 1- 301 - 443-1124
Web Address: www.nida.nih.gov
Contact your primary healthcare provider if:
- You feel you cannot cope with your problems.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
Return to the emergency department if:
- You feel like hurting yourself or someone else.
- You have a seizure.
- You have a temperature over 101°F (38.3°C) after you use cocaine.
- You cough or spit up blood.
- You have severe abdominal pain.
- You have a severe headache, confusion, or feel very nervous.
- You have weakness on one side of your body.
- You have chest pain, sweating, or shortness of breath.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.