Chronic Pelvic Pain In Women
What is chronic pelvic pain?
Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is pain in your pelvic area that continues for longer than 6 months. You may feel pain on one or both sides of your pelvis. The pain may occur with certain body positions or activities, such as when you have sex or a bowel movement. It may worsen during your menstrual period, or after you sit or stand for a long time.
What causes chronic pelvic pain in women?
- Gynecologic conditions , such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), endometriosis, or uterine fibroids
- Bowel and bladder conditions , such as irritable bowel syndrome, bladder inflammation, or tumors
- Muscle and nerve conditions , such as swelling or weakness of your pelvic muscles, or damage to the nerves of your pelvic area (neuropathy)
- Psychological issues as a result of physical or sexual abuse, or drug abuse
How is chronic pelvic pain treated?
- Pain medicine may be given in pills, injections, or creams to relieve your pain.
- Hormones may be given if CPP gets worse with your menstrual cycle.
- Antibiotics may be given if your pain is caused by infection.
- Surgery may be done if other treatments do not relieve your pain.
How can I manage my chronic pelvic pain?
- Keep a pain diary. Write down when your pain happens, how severe it is, and any other symptoms you have with your pain. A diary will help you keep track of pain cycles. It may also help your caregiver find out what is causing your pain.
- Learn ways to relax. Deep breathing, meditation, and relaxation techniques can help decrease your pain. When you are tense, your pain may increase.
- Change the foods you eat if you have irritable bowel syndrome. Ask your caregiver about the best foods for you.
When should I contact my caregiver?
Contact your caregiver if:
- You develop new symptoms or your symptoms are worse than before.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
When should I seek immediate care?
Seek care immediately or call 911 if:
- You have heavy or unusual vaginal bleeding, and you feel lightheaded or faint.
- You have pelvic pain that does not go away after you take pain medicine.
- You have severe chest pain and sudden trouble breathing.
Care AgreementYou have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.
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