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WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
A cervical strain is when muscles or tendons in your neck are stretched. Tendons are strong tissues that connect muscles to bones. Cervical strain may be called whiplash because it can happen when your neck is quickly whipped forward and back. The pain may be sudden, or it may begin hours after the injury. Cervical strain is most commonly caused by a car accident or a contact sports injury.
Return to the emergency department if:
- You have pain, numbness, tingling, or weakness in your arms, face, or scalp.
- You have shortness of breath, a hoarse voice, or problems swallowing.
Contact your healthcare provider if:
- Your neck pain gets worse.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
You may need any of the following:
- Acetaminophen decreases pain. It is available without a doctor's order. Ask how much to take and how often to take it. Follow directions. Acetaminophen can cause liver damage if not taken correctly.
- NSAIDs , such as ibuprofen, help decrease swelling, pain, and fever. This medicine is available with or without a doctor's order. NSAIDs can cause stomach bleeding or kidney problems in certain people. If you take blood thinner medicine, always ask your healthcare provider if NSAIDs are safe for you. Always read the medicine label and follow directions.
- Muscle relaxers help decrease pain and muscle spasms.
- Prescription pain medicine may be given. Ask how to take this medicine safely.
- Take your medicine as directed. Call your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.
- Gradually return to your normal activities. Stop if you have pain. Avoid activities that can cause more damage to your neck, such as heavy lifting or strenuous exercise.
- Apply ice on your neck for 15 to 20 minutes every hour or as directed. Use an ice pack, or put crushed ice in a plastic bag. Cover it with a towel. Ice helps prevent tissue damage and decreases swelling and pain.
- Sleep without a pillow to help decrease pain. Instead, roll a small towel tightly and place it under your neck.
- Go to physical therapy as directed. A physical therapist teaches you exercises to help improve movement and strength, and to decrease pain.
Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:
Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.