Bunion

WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:

A bunion is a bony lump at the base of your big toe. As it grows, it sticks out from the side of your foot and may move your toe out of place.


INSTRUCTIONS:

Medicines:

  • NSAIDs help decrease swelling and pain. This medicine can be bought with or without a doctor's order. This medicine can cause stomach bleeding or kidney problems in certain people. If you take blood thinner medicine, always ask your primary healthcare provider (PHP) if NSAIDs are safe for you. Always read the medicine label and follow the directions on it before using this medicine.

  • Take your medicine as directed. Contact your PHP if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Follow up with your PHP or podiatrist as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Self-care:

  • Apply ice on your toe for 15 to 20 minutes every hour or as directed. Use an ice pack or put crushed ice in a plastic bag. Cover it with a towel. Ice helps prevent tissue damage and decreases swelling and pain.

  • Separate your big toe at night. Separate the big toe from the others with a foam pad while you sleep. Use a light elastic bandage to keep the pad in place.

  • Use a bunion pad. Wear a thick, ring-shaped pad around and over the bunion to cushion it.

  • Wear shoes that fit well. Wear wide shoes that have plenty of room for your toes. Do not wear shoes with heels that are higher than 2 inches.



  • Wear shoe inserts or arch supports. These will decrease pressure on the bunion.

  • Stretch your foot each day. This will help decrease pressure and increase foot strength. Ask what foot exercises are best for you.

Contact your PHP or podiatrist if:

  • You cannot do your daily activities because of the pain.

  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Return to the emergency department if:

  • You have severe pain in your toe.

  • You cannot put weight on your foot.

© 2014 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Learn more about Bunion (Aftercare Instructions)

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