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Aortic Stenosis

WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:

Aortic Stenosis (Aftercare Instructions) Care Guide

Aortic stenosis is a condition where the aortic valve in your heart is narrowed. The aortic valve is between the left ventricle and the aorta. The left ventricle is the lower left chamber of your heart. The aorta is a blood vessel that pumps blood to your head and body. The aortic valve opens and closes to direct blood flow through your heart. When the aortic valve is narrowed, blood flow may decrease. Your tissues and organs will not have enough oxygen and nutrients to function properly.

INSTRUCTIONS:

Medicines:

  • Cholesterol medicine: This medicine will help decrease the amount of cholesterol in your blood.

  • Antibiotics: This medicine will help fight or prevent an infection. You may need it if you had rheumatic fever in the past. You may need to take the medicine every day, or once a month.

  • Take your medicine as directed. Call your primary healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Follow up with your primary healthcare provider or cardiologist as directed:

You may need to return for more tests to check your heart. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Self-care:

  • Eat a variety of healthy foods: Healthy foods include fruits, vegetables, whole-grain breads, low-fat dairy products, beans, lean meats, and fish. Ask if you need to be on a special diet.

  • Exercise: This will improve your heart health. Ask your primary healthcare provider about the best exercise plan for you.

  • Maintain a healthy weight: Ask your primary healthcare provider how much you should weigh. Ask him to help you create a weight loss plan if you are overweight.

Contact your primary healthcare provider or cardiologist if:

  • You are bleeding from your nose or gums.

  • The veins in your neck look swollen or are bulging.

  • You have a fever.

  • You have blood in your urine or bowel movements.

  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Return to the emergency department if:

  • Your arm or leg feels warm, tender, and painful. It may look swollen and red.

  • Your heart is beating faster than normal for you, and you feel fluttering in your chest.

  • You suddenly feel lightheaded and short of breath.

  • You have chest pain that feels like squeezing, pressure, fullness, or pain.

  • You have chest pain that lasts for more than a few minutes or returns.

  • You are nauseated and have trouble breathing.

  • You have a severe headache, cold sweats, and feel lightheaded or dizzy.

  • You have weakness or numbness on one side of your arm, leg, or face.

  • You are confused and cannot speak clearly.

© 2013 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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