Generic Name: pilocarpine (pye-loe-KAR-peen)
Brand Name: Salagen
Salagen is used for:
Treating dry mouth associated with radiation treatment for cancer or Sjogren syndrome. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Salagen is a cholinergic agent. It works by increasing the secretion of saliva from the salivary glands, which helps to relieve dry mouth.
Do NOT use Salagen if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in Salagen
- you have glaucoma, a severe eye infection, eye inflammation, or uncontrolled asthma
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using Salagen:
Some medical conditions may interact with Salagen. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have a detached retina or an eye infection
- if you have heart disease, asthma, chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, kidney or liver disease, gallstones, or gall bladder problems
- if you have a psychiatric disorder
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Salagen. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- Parasympathomimetic agents (eg, bethanecol) because they may increase the risk of Salagen's side effects
- Beta-blockers (eg atenolol) because the risk of heart-related side effects may be increased
- Anticholinergic agents (eg, atropine, ipratropium) because their effectiveness may be decreased by Salagen
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Salagen may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use Salagen:
Use Salagen as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Take Salagen by mouth with or without food.
- Drinking extra fluids while you are taking Salagen is recommended. Check with your doctor for instructions.
- If you miss a dose of Salagen, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Salagen.
Important safety information:
- Salagen may cause blurred vision. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Salagen with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
- It may take 12 weeks for Salagen to work.
- Salagen should not be used in CHILDREN; safety and effectiveness in children have not been confirmed.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Salagen while you are pregnant. It is not known if Salagen is found in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking Salagen.
Possible side effects of Salagen:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Chills; dizziness; flushing; frequent urination; nausea; runny nose; sweating; vision changes (eg, blurred vision); weakness.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); abdominal pain; breathing problems; change in heart rate; confusion; excessive sweating; excessive tears; headache; shaking; vomiting.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include abnormal heartbeat; blood pressure changes; confusion; diarrhea; difficulty breathing; headache; tremors; vision changes; vomiting.Proper storage of Salagen:
Store Salagen at room temperature, up to 77 degrees F (25 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Brief storage at temperatures between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C) is permitted. Keep Salagen out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about Salagen, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Salagen is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take Salagen or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about Salagen. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to Salagen. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using Salagen.
Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.