Generic Name: pseudoephedrine/codeine (SOO-doe-e-FED-rin/KOE-deen)
Brand Name: Examples include Notuss-DC and Nucofed
Some children have had serious and sometimes fatal breathing problems when using codeine after surgery to remove tonsils or adenoids. Talk with your doctor for more information.
Pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid is used for:
Relieving nasal congestion and cough due to colds, flu, or allergies. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid is a decongestant and narcotic cough suppressant. The decongestant works by constricting blood vessels and reducing swelling in the nasal passages. The cough suppressant works in the brain to help decrease the cough reflex, which reduces a dry cough.
Do NOT use pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid or any other codeine or morphine related medicine (eg, oxycodone)
- you have severe high blood pressure, severe heart blood vessel disease, rapid heartbeat, or severe heart problems
- you are taking sodium oxybate (GHB) or if you have taken furazolidone or a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) (eg, phenelzine) within the last 14 days
- the patient is a child and has just had surgery to remove tonsils or adenoids
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid:
Some medical conditions may interact with pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have had a severe allergic reaction (eg, severe rash, hives, difficulty breathing, dizziness) to morphine, codeine, or any other opiate (eg, dihydrocodeine, hydrocodone, oxycodone)
- if you have a history of glaucoma or increased pressure in the eye, prostate problems (eg, enlarged prostate gland), heart problems, diabetes, high blood pressure, blood vessel problems, stroke, adrenal gland problems, liver problems, or thyroid problems, or if you have trouble urinating
- if you have a history of stomach or bowel problems (eg, constipation, inflammation, ulcer), severe diarrhea caused by antibiotic use, or gallbladder problems (eg, gallstones), or if you have had recent stomach or bowel surgery
- if you have breathing or lung problems (eg, asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, shortness of breath), or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or if your cough occurs with large amounts of mucus
- if you are dehydrated, very overweight, or have a condition that causes severe drowsiness
- if you have a head or brain injury, brain tumor, increased pressure in the brain, infection of the brain or nervous system, epilepsy, or seizures, or if you have recently had any of these conditions
- if you have a history of alcohol or substance abuse, mental or mood problems, or suicidal thoughts or behavior
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- Digoxin, droxidopa, or sodium oxybate (GHB) because the risk of severe drowsiness, breathing problems, irregular heartbeat, or heart attack may be increased
- Beta-blockers (eg, propranolol), cimetidine, COMT inhibitors (eg, tolcapone), furazolidone, HIV protease inhibitors (eg, ritonavir), indomethacin, MAOIs (eg, phenelzine), tricyclic antidepressants (eg, amitriptyline), or urinary alkalinizers (eg, sodium bicarbonate) because they may increase the risk pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid's side effects
- Naltrexone, quinidine, or rifampin because they may decrease pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid's effectiveness
- Bromocriptine because the risk of its side effects may be increased by pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid
- Guanadrel, guanethidine, mecamylamine, methyldopa, or reserpine because their effectiveness may be decreased by pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid:
Use pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Take pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid by mouth with or without food.
- Use a measuring device marked for medicine dosing. Ask your pharmacist for help if you are unsure of how to measure your dose.
- If you have trouble sleeping from pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid, try not to take it within a few hours before bedtime. This may help to decrease sleeplessness caused by pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid.
- If you miss a dose of pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid and you are taking it regularly, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid.
Important safety information:
- Pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid may cause dizziness or drowsiness. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
- Do not drink alcohol or use medicines that may cause drowsiness (eg, sleep aids, muscle relaxers) while you are using pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid; it may add to their effects. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines may cause drowsiness.
- Do not take diet or appetite control medicines while you are taking pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid without checking with your doctor.
- Pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid has pseudoephedrine in it. Before you start any new medicine, check the label to see if it has pseudoephedrine in it too. If it does or if you are not sure, check with your doctor or pharmacist.
- Do NOT take more than the recommended dose or use for longer than prescribed without checking with your doctor.
- If your cough or other symptoms persist for more than 7 days, if they come back, or if you also have fever, rash, or persistent headache, check with your doctor.
- Do not use pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid for a cough with a lot of mucus. Do not use it for a long-term cough (eg, caused by asthma, emphysema, smoking). However, you may use it for these conditions if your doctor tells you to.
- Pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid may interfere with certain lab tests. Be sure your doctor and lab personnel know you are taking pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid.
- Tell your doctor or dentist that you take pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.
- Use pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects.
- Pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid should not be used in CHILDREN younger than 6 years old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant while taking pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid during pregnancy. Pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid is found in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid.
When used for long periods of time or at high doses, pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid may not work as well and may require higher doses to obtain the same effect as when originally taken. This is known as TOLERANCE. Talk with your doctor if pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid stops working well. Do not take more than prescribed.
When used for long periods of time or at high doses, some people develop a need to continue taking pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid. This is known as DEPENDENCE or addiction.
If you suddenly stop taking pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid, you may experience WITHDRAWAL symptoms including anxiety; diarrhea; fever, runny nose, or sneezing; goose bumps and abnormal skin sensations; nausea; vomiting; pain; rigid muscles; rapid heartbeat; seeing, hearing or feeling things that are not there; shivering or tremors; sweating; trouble sleeping.
Possible side effects of pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Constipation; diarrhea; dizziness; drowsiness; excitability; headache; nausea; nervousness or anxiety; stomach pain; trouble sleeping.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); blurred vision or other vision changes; difficulty urinating; fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; hallucinations; loss of coordination; mental or mood changes; numbness or tingling of the skin; persistent loss of appetite; ringing in the ears; seizures; severe dizziness, lightheadedness, or headache; severe drowsiness; shortness of breath; tremor; wheezing.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include chest pain; cold, clammy skin; confusion; fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; hallucinations; pinpoint pupils; seizures; severe dizziness, lightheadedness, or headache; severe drowsiness; slow or difficult breathing; vomiting.Proper storage of pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid:
Store pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using pseudoephedrine/codeine liquid.
Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.