Generic Name: proparacaine (proe-PAR-a-kane)
Brand Name: Examples include Alcaine and Ophthetic
Proparacaine drops are used for:
Numbing the eye during certain procedures.
Proparacaine drops are a topical local anesthetic. It works on the nerves to decrease pain.
Do NOT use proparacaine drops if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in proparacaine drops
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using proparacaine drops:
Some medical conditions may interact with proparacaine drops. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with proparacaine drops. Because little, if any, of proparacaine drops are absorbed into the blood, the risk of it interacting with another medicine is low.
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if proparacaine drops may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use proparacaine drops:
Use proparacaine drops as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- To use proparacaine drops in the eye, first, wash your hands. Tilt your head back. Using your index finger, pull the lower eyelid away from the eye to form a pouch. Drop the medicine into the pouch and gently close your eyes. Immediately use your finger to apply pressure to the inside corner of the eye for 1 to 2 minutes. Do not blink. Remove excess medicine around your eye with a clean, dry tissue, being careful not to touch your eye. Wash your hands to remove any medicine that may be on them.
- To prevent germs from contaminating your medicine, do not touch the applicator tip to any surface, including the eye. Keep the container tightly closed.
- Proparacaine drops are clear to straw-colored. If proparacaine drops becomes darker, do not use it. Throw away any medicine that has darkened.
- Proparacaine drops contains benzalkonium chloride, a preservative that may be absorbed by soft contact lenses. Ask your doctor about how long you should wait to put your contacts back in after using proparacaine drops.
- If you miss a dose of proparacaine drops, contact your doctor.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use proparacaine drops.
Important safety information:
- Do not exceed the recommended dose or use proparacaine drops for longer than prescribed without checking with your doctor.
- Proparacaine drops may cause drying or cracking of the fingertips if you get it on your hands. Be sure to wash your hands after using proparacaine drops.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant while using proparacaine drops, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using proparacaine drops during pregnancy. It is unknown if proparacaine drops are excreted in breast milk after topical use. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you are using proparacaine drops, check with your doctor to discuss the risks to your baby.
Possible side effects of proparacaine drops:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Temporary burning, stinging, or redness of the eye.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); gray, ground-glass like appearance of the eye; pain, redness, or irritation of the eye; vision changes.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately.Proper storage of proparacaine drops:
Store proparacaine drops in the refrigerator, between 36 and 46 degrees F (2 and 8 degrees C). Do not freeze. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Keep proparacaine drops out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about proparacaine drops, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Proparacaine drops are to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take proparacaine drops or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about proparacaine drops. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to proparacaine drops. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using proparacaine drops.
Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.