Generic Name: ponatinib (poe-NA-ti-nib)
Brand Name: Iclusig
Serious and sometimes fatal liver problems or blood clots (including heart attack and stroke) have occurred in patients taking ponatinib. Contact your doctor right away if you experience chest, jaw, arm, back, or neck pain; confusion; fainting; one-sided numbness or weakness; shortness of breath; slurred speech; sudden, severe nausea or vomiting; unusual dizziness, headache, or sweating; vision problems; or symptoms of liver problems (eg, dark urine; drowsiness; pale stools; persistent loss of appetite; unusual nausea, vomiting, or stomach pain; yellowing of the skin or eyes).
Ponatinib is used for:
Treating certain types of leukemia in certain patients. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Ponatinib is a kinase inhibitor. It works by preventing the growth of cancer cells.
Do NOT use ponatinib if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in ponatinib
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using ponatinib:
Some medical conditions may interact with ponatinib. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you are lactose intolerant
- if you have a history of heart problems (eg, congestive heart failure, irregular or slow heartbeat), a heart attack, stroke, "mini-stroke" or transient ischemic attack, blood vessel problems (eg, those in the brain or heart), or blood clots
- if you have high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol or lipid levels, diabetes, or bleeding problems
- if you have a history of liver or kidney problems, pancreas inflammation (pancreatitis), or alcohol abuse
- if you have bone marrow problems, low white blood cell levels, low blood platelet levels, or anemia
- if you plan to have surgery or if you have had recent surgery
- if you smoke
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with ponatinib. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- Azole antifungals (eg, itraconazole, ketoconazole, voriconazole), cobicistat, conivaptan, macrolide antibiotics (eg, clarithromycin), mifepristone, nefazodone, protease inhibitors (eg, boceprevir, ritonavir), or telithromycin because they may increase the risk of ponatinib's side effects
- Antacids, carbamazepine, enzalutamide, H2 blockers (eg, famotidine, ranitidine), hydantoins (eg, phenytoin), phenobarbital, primidone, proton pump inhibitors (eg, omeprazole), rifamycins (eg, rifampin), or St. John's wort because they may decrease ponatinib's effectiveness
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if ponatinib may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use ponatinib:
Use ponatinib as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Ponatinib comes with an extra patient information sheet called a Medication Guide. Read it carefully. Read it again each time you get ponatinib refilled.
- Take ponatinib by mouth with or without food.
- Swallow ponatinib whole. Do not break, crush, chew, or dissolve before swallowing.
- Check with your doctor before you eat grapefruit or drink grapefruit juice while you use ponatinib.
- Continue to take ponatinib even if you feel well. Do not miss any doses.
- If you miss a dose of ponatinib, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use ponatinib.
Important safety information:
- Ponatinib may cause dizziness. This effect may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use ponatinib with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
- Do NOT change your dose or stop taking ponatinib without checking with your doctor.
- Tell your doctor or dentist that you take ponatinib before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery. You may need to stop ponatinib for a period of time before planned surgery as directed by your doctor. Your doctor will decide when you should start to take it again.
- Ponatinib may lower the ability of your body to fight infection. Avoid contact with people who have colds or infections. Tell your doctor if you notice signs of infection like fever, sore throat, rash, or chills.
- Ponatinib may reduce the number of clot-forming cells (platelets) in your blood. Avoid activities that may cause bruising or injury. Tell your doctor if you have unusual bruising or bleeding. Tell your doctor if you have dark, tarry, or bloody stools.
- A serious and possibly fatal condition called tumor lysis syndrome has been reported in certain patients taking ponatinib. Contact your doctor right away if you develop symptoms such as fast or irregular heartbeat; fainting; decreased urination; muscle weakness or cramps; nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or loss of appetite; or sluggishness. Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor.
- If vomiting or diarrhea occurs, you will need to take care not to become dehydrated. Contact your doctor for instructions.
- If you may become pregnant, you must use an effective form of birth control while taking ponatinib. If you have questions about effective birth control, talk with your doctor.
- Lab tests, including blood pressure, heart function, liver function, pancreas function, and complete blood cell counts, may be performed while you use ponatinib. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
- Use ponatinib with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially loss of appetite; muscle spasms; shortness of breath; swelling of the hands, feet, ankles, or legs; unusual bruising or bleeding; or weakness.
- Ponatinib should be used with extreme caution in CHILDREN younger than 18 years old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: Ponatinib may cause harm to the fetus. Do not become pregnant while you are taking it. If you think you may be pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of taking ponatinib while you are pregnant. It is not known if ponatinib is found in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking ponatinib.
Possible side effects of ponatinib:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Constipation; diarrhea; dry skin; headache; joint pain; loss of appetite; mild muscle pain or spasms; mild stomach pain; nausea; tiredness; trouble sleeping; vomiting; weakness; weight loss.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); bloody or black, tarry stools; bone pain; burning, numbness, or tingling; calf or leg pain, redness, swelling, or tenderness; chest, jaw, arm, back, or neck pain; confusion; coughing up blood; difficult or painful urination; dizziness; drowsiness; fainting; fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; fever, chills, or cough, or sore throat; frequent nosebleeds; light-headedness; menstrual bleeding that is heavier than normal; mouth or tongue swelling or soreness; one-sided numbness or weakness; pink or brown urine; severe or persistent headache; severe or persistent stomach or back pain (with or without nausea or vomiting); shortness of breath; speech problems (eg, slurred speech); stomach swelling; sudden, severe nausea or vomiting; sudden, unusual weight gain; swelling of the hands, feet, or ankles, or all over your body; symptoms of liver problems (eg, dark urine; drowsiness; pale stools; persistent loss of appetite; unusual stomach pain; yellowing of the skin or eyes); unusual bruising or bleeding; unusual sweating, tiredness, or weakness; unusual vaginal bleeding; vision changes; vomiting blood or vomit that looks like coffee grounds.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include chest pain; fever, chills, cough, or sore throat; irregular heartbeat; shortness of breath; and unusual tiredness.Proper storage of ponatinib:
Store ponatinib at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep ponatinib out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about ponatinib, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Ponatinib is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take ponatinib or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about ponatinib. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to ponatinib. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using ponatinib.
Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.