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Pentacel

Generic Name: diphtheria toxoid, tetanus toxoid, acellular pertussis, inactivated polio, and haemophilus b conjugate vaccine (dif-THEER-ee-ah/TET-a-nus/aye-SELL-yoo-ler per-TUS-is/POE-lee-oh/hem-OFF-fil-us)
Brand Name: Pentacel

Pentacel is used for:

Immunizing children 6 weeks old up to 4 years old against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), polio, and haemophilus B infections.

Pentacel is a vaccine for diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, and haemophilus B. It works by helping the immune system to protect against these infections.

Do NOT use Pentacel if:

  • the patient is allergic to any ingredient in Pentacel
  • the patient has had a severe allergic reaction (eg, rash; hives; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue) to a prior diphtheria-, tetanus-, polio-, haemophilus B-, or pertussis-containing vaccine
  • the patient has had brain or nervous system problems (eg, coma, prolonged seizures, unusual or severe drowsiness) from an unknown cause within 7 days after a previous pertussis-containing vaccine
  • the patient has advanced brain or nervous system problems (eg, infantile spasms, uncontrolled seizures)

Contact the patient's doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply the patient.

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Before using Pentacel:

Some medical conditions may interact with Pentacel. Tell the patient's doctor or pharmacist if the patient has any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to the patient:

  • if the patient is taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
  • if the patient has allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
  • if the patient has had a high fever (over 105 degrees F [40.5 degrees C]), a severe reaction (eg, shock), or a seizure, or cried persistently (for more than 3 hours) following a previous pertussis-containing vaccine
  • if the patient is dehydrated; has a fever, infection, illness; or has a weakened immune system
  • if the patient has a history of seizures or Guillain-Barré syndrome
  • if the patient is a premature infant
  • if the patient is receiving chemotherapy or radiation
  • if the patient is taking anticoagulants (eg, warfarin)

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Pentacel. Tell the patient's health care provider if the patient is taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

  • Medicines that suppress the immune system such as corticosteroids (eg, prednisone), cancer chemotherapy (eg, methotrexate), or cyclosporine because they may decrease Pentacel's effectiveness. Check with the patient's doctor or pharmacist if you are unsure if any of the patient's medicines suppress the immune system

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask the patient's health care provider if Pentacel may interact with other medicines that the patient takes. Check with the patient's health care provider before the patient starts, stops, or changes the dose of any medicine.

How to use Pentacel:

Use Pentacel as directed by the patient's doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

  • Pentacel is given as an injection at the patient's doctor's office, hospital, or clinic. Ask the patient's doctor any questions that you may have about Pentacel.
  • The vaccine schedule is started in infants between 6 weeks and 2 months old and should be completed before the patient's fifth birthday.
  • It is very important to receive each vaccine as scheduled. Be sure to make a note of when each vaccine was given for the patient's medical record.
  • If the patient misses a dose of the vaccine series, contact the patient's doctor right away.

Ask the patient's health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Pentacel.

Important safety information:

  • If the patient has a fever or an infection, the doctor may delay giving the vaccine. Discuss the risks and benefits of vaccination with the doctor.
  • Make sure the patient's health care provider has a complete record of the patient's vaccinations and is aware of the patient's current health status.
  • It is important that the patient completes the vaccination series.
  • Tell the patient's doctor if the patient will be receiving other vaccines.
  • Pentacel may not protect everyone who receives it from diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, or haemophilus B. Discuss any questions or concerns with the patient's doctor.
  • Pentacel is not approved for use in INFANTS younger than 6 weeks old or in patients who are 5 years old and older; safety and effectiveness in these age groups have not been confirmed.
  • PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: It is not known if Pentacel can cause harm to the fetus. Pentacel is not approved for use in patients 5 years old and older.

Possible side effects of Pentacel:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Irritability; mild fever; mild soreness, swelling, or redness at the injection site; tiredness.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); bluish skin or nails; fainting; fever or chills; paleness; seizures; severe or persistent diarrhea or stomach cramps; severe or persistent irritability (eg, unusual crying, screaming, restlessness); severe or persistent swelling of the injected arm or leg; symptoms of dehydration (eg, very dry mouth or eyes, sluggishness, weakness); unresponsiveness; wheezing.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions or need medical advice about side effects, contact the patient's doctor or health care provider. Call the patient's doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at http://www.fda.gov/medwatch.

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately.

Proper storage of Pentacel:

Pentacel is usually handled and stored by a health care provider. Keep Pentacel out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information:

  • If you have any questions about Pentacel, please talk with the patient's doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • Pentacel is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
  • If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with the patient's doctor.
  • Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take Pentacel or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about Pentacel. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to Pentacel. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using Pentacel.

Issue Date: September 3, 2014
Database Edition 14.3.1.003
Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.

More about Pentacel (diphtheria toxoid / haemophilus b conjugate (prp-t) vaccine / pertussis, acellular / poliovirus vaccine, inactivated / tetanus toxoid)

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