Generic Name: minocycline (MIN-oh-SYE-kleen)
Brand Name: Minocin
Minocycline injection is used for:
Treating infections caused by certain bacteria. It is also used with other medicines to treat severe acne. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Minocycline injection is a tetracycline antibiotic. It works by slowing the growth of certain bacteria and allowing the body's immune system to destroy them.
Do NOT use minocycline injection if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in minocycline injection or to another tetracycline (eg, doxycycline)
- you are taking acitretin, isotretinoin, a live oral typhoid vaccine, methoxyflurane, or a penicillin
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using minocycline injection:
Some medical conditions may interact with minocycline injection. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have asthma, kidney or liver problems, or an autoimmune disorder (eg, lupus)
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with minocycline injection. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- Acitretin, anticoagulants (eg, warfarin), digoxin, ergot alkaloids and derivatives (eg, ergotamine), insulin, isotretinoin, methotrexate, methoxyflurane , or theophyllines because the risk of their side effects may be increased by minocycline injection
- Live oral typhoid vaccine, oral contraceptives (birth control pills), or penicillin antibiotics (eg, amoxicillin) because their effectiveness may be decreased by minocycline injection
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if minocycline injection may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use minocycline injection:
Use minocycline injection as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Minocycline injection is usually given as an injection at your doctor's office, hospital, or clinic. If you will be using minocycline injection at home, a health care provider will teach you how to use it. Be sure you understand how to use minocycline injection. Follow the procedures you are taught when you use a dose. Contact your health care provider if you have any questions.
- Do not use minocycline injection if it contains particles, is cloudy or discolored, or if the vial is cracked or damaged.
- To clear up your infection completely, take minocycline injection for the full course of treatment. Keep taking it even if you feel better in a few days.
- Minocycline injection works best if it is used at the same time each day.
- Keep this product, as well as syringes and needles, out of the reach of children and pets. Do not reuse needles, syringes, or other materials. Ask your health care provider how to dispose of these materials after use. Follow all local rules for disposal.
- If you miss a dose of minocycline injection, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use minocycline injection.
Important safety information:
- Minocycline injection may cause drowsiness, dizziness, or lightheadedness. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use minocycline injection with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
- Long-term or repeated use of minocycline injection may cause a second infection. Tell your doctor if signs of a second infection occur. Your medicine may need to be changed to treat this.
- Minocycline injection may cause you to become sunburned more easily. Avoid the sun, sunlamps, or tanning booths until you know how you react to minocycline injection. Use a sunscreen or wear protective clothing if you must be outside for more than a short time.
- Minocycline injection only works against bacteria; it does not treat viral infections (eg, the common cold).
- Mild diarrhea is common with antibiotic use. However, a more serious form of diarrhea (pseudomembranous colitis) may rarely occur. This may develop while you use the antibiotic or within several months after you stop using it. Contact your doctor right away if stomach pain or cramps, severe diarrhea, or bloody stools occur. Do not treat diarrhea without first checking with your doctor.
- Tell your doctor or dentist that you take minocycline injection before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.
- Be sure to use minocycline injection for the full course of treatment. If you do not, the medicine may not clear up your infection completely. The bacteria could also become less sensitive to this or other medicines. This could make the infection harder to treat in the future.
- Hormonal birth control (eg, birth control pills) may not work as well while you are using minocycline injection. To prevent pregnancy, use an extra form of birth control (eg, condoms).
- Minocycline injection may interfere with certain lab tests. Be sure your doctor and lab personnel know you are using minocycline injection.
- Lab tests, including kidney function, liver function, and complete blood cell counts, may be performed while you use minocycline injection. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
- Use minocycline injection with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects.
- Minocycline injection should not be used in CHILDREN younger than 8 years old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed. Using minocycline injection in CHILDREN younger than 8 years old or in women during the last half of pregnancy may cause a permanent change in the tooth coloring of the child.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: Minocycline injection has been shown to cause harm to the fetus. If you think you may be pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using minocycline injection while you are pregnant. Minocycline injection is found in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking minocycline injection.
Possible side effects of minocycline injection:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Diarrhea; dizziness; drowsiness; lightheadedness; loss of appetite; nausea; pain, swelling, or redness at the injection site; sore mouth, throat, or tongue; vomiting.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); bloody stools; blurred vision; change in the amount of urine produced; decreased hearing; fever, chills, or sore throat; joint pain; muscle pain or weakness; pain, redness, swelling, or white patches in the mouth; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin; redness or swelling of the gums; ringing in the ears; seizures; severe diarrhea; severe or persistent headache; severe skin reaction to the sun; shortness of breath or wheezing; stomach cramps or pain; symptoms of liver problems (eg, yellowing of the skin or eyes; dark urine; pale stools; persistent nausea, stomach pain, or loss of appetite); symptoms of pancreatitis (eg, severe stomach or back pain with or without nausea or vomiting); unusual bruising or bleeding; unusual tiredness or weakness; vaginal irritation or discharge.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include dizziness, nausea, or vomiting.Proper storage of minocycline injection:
Minocycline injection is usually handled and stored by a health care provider. If you are using minocycline injection at home, store minocycline injection as directed by your pharmacist or health care provider. Keep minocycline injection out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about minocycline injection, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Minocycline injection is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take minocycline injection or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about minocycline injection. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to minocycline injection. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using minocycline injection.
Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.