Generic Name: meprobamate (me-proe-BA-mate)
Brand Name: Generic only. No brands available.
Meprobamate is used for:
Treating short-term anxiety. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Meprobamate is an antianxiety agent. It works by affecting certain areas of the brain.
Do NOT use meprobamate if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in meprobamate or to similar medicines (eg, carbromal, carisoprodol, mebutamate, tybamate)
- you have the blood disease porphyria
- you are taking sodium oxybate (GHB)
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using meprobamate:
Some medical conditions may interact with meprobamate. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have liver or kidney problems, nerve disease or damage, or a history of seizures (eg, epilepsy)
- if you have a history of alcohol or substance abuse/dependence or suicidal thoughts or attempts
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with meprobamate. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- Sodium oxybate (GHB) because the risk of side effects such as extreme drowsiness or prolonged sleep time may be increased by meprobamate
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if meprobamate may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use meprobamate:
Use meprobamate as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Take meprobamate by mouth with or without food.
- Do not crush or chew meprobamate before swallowing because of its bitter taste.
- If you miss a dose of meprobamate, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use meprobamate.
Important safety information:
- Meprobamate may cause drowsiness or dizziness. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use meprobamate with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
- Do not drink alcohol or use medicines that may cause drowsiness (eg, sleep aids, muscle relaxers) while you are using meprobamate; it may add to their effects. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines may cause drowsiness.
- Do not suddenly stop taking meprobamate. When your doctor decides that you should stop taking meprobamate, your dose should be gradually reduced over a period of 1 to 2 weeks.
- A very bad skin reaction (Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis) may happen. It can cause very bad health problems that may not go away and sometimes death. Get medical help right away if you have signs like red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin (with or without fever); red or irritated eyes; or sores in your mouth, throat, nose, or eyes.
- Use meprobamate with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially drowsiness.
- Meprobamate should not be used in CHILDREN younger than 6 years old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: Meprobamate has been shown to cause harm to the fetus. If you think you may be pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using meprobamate while you are pregnant. Meprobamate is found in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking meprobamate.
Some people who use meprobamate for a long time may develop a need to continue taking it. People who take high doses are also at risk. This is known as DEPENDENCE or addiction.
If you stop taking meprobamate suddenly, you may have WITHDRAWAL symptoms. These may include anxiety; appetite loss; confusion; hallucinations; loss of coordination; muscle twitching; seizures; sleeplessness; tremors; vomiting.
Possible side effects of meprobamate:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Abnormal skin sensations; diarrhea; dizziness; drowsiness; headache; nausea; weakness.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); change in amount or frequency of urination; difficulty walking; exaggerated sense of well-being; fainting; fast or irregular heartbeat; fever, chills, or persistent sore throat; inflammation of the mouth or rectum; loss of coordination; overexcitement; overstimulation; pounding in the chest; severe tiredness or weakness; slurred speech; suicidal thoughts or attempts; swelling of the hands or feet; swollen lymph nodes; unusual bruising or bleeding; vision changes; vomiting.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include breathing difficulties; coma; fast or irregular heartbeat; loss of muscle coordination; severe dizziness; severe or persistent drowsiness; shock; sluggishness; slurred speech; stupor; suicidal attempts.Proper storage of meprobamate:
Store meprobamate at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep meprobamate out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about meprobamate, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Meprobamate is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take meprobamate or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about meprobamate. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to meprobamate. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using meprobamate.
Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.