Generic Name: ketoconazole (KEE-toe-KON-a-zole)
Brand Name: Nizoral A-D
Ketoconazole shampoo is used for:
Controlling flaking, scaling, and itching associated with dandruff. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Ketoconazole shampoo is an imidazole antifungal. It works by preventing the growth of fungus.
Do NOT use ketoconazole shampoo if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in ketoconazole shampoo
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using ketoconazole shampoo:
Some medical conditions may interact with ketoconazole shampoo. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have liver problems or the blood disease porphyria
- if you have a history of alcohol abuse
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with ketoconazole shampoo. Because little, if any, of ketoconazole shampoo is absorbed into the blood, the risk of it interacting with another medicine is low.
Ask your health care provider if ketoconazole shampoo may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use ketoconazole shampoo:
Use ketoconazole shampoo as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Moisten hair and scalp with water. Apply enough shampoo to wash your scalp and hair. Gently massage the entire scalp, leaving the shampoo on for about 5 minutes. Rinse thoroughly, then dry your hair as you normally do.
- Use ketoconazole shampoo every 3 to 4 days for up to 8 weeks or as directed by your doctor.
- Do not apply ketoconazole shampoo on scalp that is broken or inflamed.
- If you miss a dose of ketoconazole shampoo, use it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not use 2 doses at once.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use ketoconazole shampoo.
Important safety information:
- Ketoconazole shampoo is for external use only. Do not get it in your eyes, nose, or mouth. If you get it in any of these areas, rinse at once with cool water.
- Do NOT use ketoconazole shampoo more often than recommended or for longer than prescribed without checking with your doctor.
- If your condition does not get better within 2 to 4 weeks or if it gets worse, check with your doctor.
- Be sure to use ketoconazole shampoo for the full course of treatment. If you do not, the medicine may not clear up your infection completely. The bacteria could also become less sensitive to this or other medicines. This could make the infection harder to treat in the future.
- If you use topical products too often, your condition may become worse.
- Hair discoloration, abnormal hair texture, oiliness and dryness of hair and scalp, removal of the curl from permanently waved hair, and hair loss have been reported with the use of ketoconazole shampoo. Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor.
- Ketoconazole shampoo should be not be used in CHILDREN younger than 12 years old without first checking with the child's doctor; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using ketoconazole shampoo while you are pregnant. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use ketoconazole shampoo, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.
Possible side effects of ketoconazole shampoo:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Mild irritation or stinging.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing or swallowing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, throat, or tongue; unusual hoarseness); reddening, blistering, peeling, itching, or burning of your skin.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Ketoconazole shampoo may be harmful if swallowed.Proper storage of ketoconazole shampoo:
Store ketoconazole shampoo between 35 and 86 degrees F (2 and 30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Protect from freezing. Keep ketoconazole shampoo out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about ketoconazole shampoo, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Ketoconazole shampoo is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take ketoconazole shampoo or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about ketoconazole shampoo. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to ketoconazole shampoo. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your health care provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using ketoconazole shampoo.
Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.
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