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Kapvay extended-release tablets

Pronunciation

Generic Name: clonidine (KLOE-ni-deen)
Brand Name: Kapvay

Kapvay extended-release tablets are used for:

Treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It may be used alone or with other medicines. Kapvay extended-release tablets should be used as part of an ADHD treatment program that includes a variety of treatment measures (eg, psychological, educational, social). It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Kapvay extended-release tablets are an alpha-2 receptor agonist. Exactly how it works to treat ADHD is not known.

Do NOT use Kapvay extended-release tablets if:

  • you are allergic to any ingredient in Kapvay extended-release tablets
  • you are taking a beta-blocker (eg, propranolol), digoxin, diltiazem, or verapamil
  • you are taking another medicine that contains clonidine

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Slideshow: Does Your Child Have ADHD? Recognizing Signs & Treatment Options

Before using Kapvay extended-release tablets:

Some medical conditions may interact with Kapvay extended-release tablets. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

  • if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
  • if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
  • if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
  • if you have had a skin reaction to the patch form of Kapvay extended-release tablets
  • if you have kidney problems, problems with the blood vessels in your heart or brain, or the blood disease porphyria; you are dehydrated; or you will be having surgery
  • if you have a history of a stroke; a recent heart attack; low blood pressure; dizziness or fainting; or fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat or other heart problems (eg, heart block)
  • if you are taking a medicine for high blood pressure

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Kapvay extended-release tablets. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

  • Barbiturates (eg, phenobarbital), benzodiazepines (eg, alprazolam), beta-blockers (eg, propranolol), diltiazem, digoxin, phenothiazines (eg, chlorpromazine), or verapamil because they may increase the risk of Kapvay extended-release tablets's side effects
  • Tricyclic antidepressants (eg, amitriptyline) because they may decrease Kapvay extended-release tablets's effectiveness

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Kapvay extended-release tablets may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Kapvay extended-release tablets:

Use Kapvay extended-release tablets as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

  • An extra patient leaflet is available with Kapvay extended-release tablets. Talk to your pharmacist if you have questions about this information.
  • Swallow Kapvay extended-release tablets whole. Do not break, crush, or chew before swallowing.
  • Take Kapvay extended-release tablets by mouth with or without food.
  • If you cannot swallow Kapvay extended-release tablets whole, talk with your doctor. You may need a different medicine.
  • Take Kapvay extended-release tablets on a regular schedule to get the most benefit from it.
  • Continue to take Kapvay extended-release tablets even if you feel well. Do not miss any doses.
  • If you miss a dose of Kapvay extended-release tablets, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Kapvay extended-release tablets.

Important safety information:

  • Kapvay extended-release tablets may cause drowsiness, dizziness, or light-headedness. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Kapvay extended-release tablets with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
  • Kapvay extended-release tablets may cause dizziness, light-headedness, or fainting; alcohol, hot weather, exercise, or fever may increase these effects. To prevent them, sit up or stand slowly, especially in the morning. Sit or lie down at the first sign of any of these effects. Avoid becoming dehydrated or overheated.
  • Do not drink alcohol or use medicines that may cause drowsiness (eg, sleep aids, muscle relaxers) while you are using Kapvay extended-release tablets; it may add to their effects. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines may cause drowsiness.
  • Do not switch between types of Kapvay extended-release tablets without checking with your doctor. Different types may not work the same way in your body.
  • Tell your doctor or dentist that you take Kapvay extended-release tablets before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.
  • Do not suddenly stop taking Kapvay extended-release tablets without talking to your doctor. Side effects may occur, including nervousness, agitation, confusion, tremor, and headache. These may be followed by a rapid, severe rise in blood pressure. If you need to stop taking Kapvay extended-release tablets, follow your doctor's instructions for slowly decreasing your dose.
  • Talk with your doctor if you will be using Kapvay extended-release tablets long-term (more than 5 weeks). Your doctor may periodically evaluate your condition if you will be using Kapvay extended-release tablets long-term.
  • Be careful in hot weather or while being active. Drink lots of fluids to prevent dehydration or getting overheated.
  • Kapvay extended-release tablets may cause low blood pressure and lower your heart rate. You will need to have your blood pressure and heart rate checked while taking Kapvay extended-release tablets. Talk with your doctor.
  • PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Kapvay extended-release tablets while you are pregnant. Kapvay extended-release tablets are found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use Kapvay extended-release tablets, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.

If you stop taking Kapvay extended-release tablets suddenly, you may have WITHDRAWAL symptoms. These may include nervousness, agitation, anxiety, headache, tremor, flushing, fast heartbeat, nausea, light-headedness, warm feeling, chest tightness, and rapid increase in blood pressure. Do not suddenly stop taking Kapvay extended-release tablets without checking with your doctor.

Possible side effects of Kapvay extended-release tablets:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Constipation; dizziness; drowsiness; dry mouth; headache; nausea; stuffy or runny nose; tiredness; trouble sleeping.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); ear or throat pain; fainting; fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; fever, chills, or sore throat; mental or mood changes (eg, aggression, anxiety, irritability); nightmares; nosebleeds; severe or persistent headache, drowsiness, or dizziness; shortness of breath or wheezing; stomach pain; tremor; urinary problems (eg, frequent urination, uncontrolled bladder).

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately.

Proper storage of Kapvay extended-release tablets:

Store Kapvay extended-release tablets at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Do not store in the bathroom. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Keep Kapvay extended-release tablets out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information:

  • If you have any questions about Kapvay extended-release tablets, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • Kapvay extended-release tablets are to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
  • If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
  • Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take Kapvay extended-release tablets or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about Kapvay extended-release tablets. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to Kapvay extended-release tablets. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using Kapvay extended-release tablets.

Issue Date: June 3, 2015
Database Edition 15.2.1.003
Copyright © 2015 Clinical Drug Information, LLC

Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.

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