Gaviscon-2

Generic Name: alginic acid/aluminum/magnesium/sodium bicarbonate (al-JIN-ik AS-id/a-LOO-min-um/mag-NEE-zee-um/SO-dee-um bye-KAR-boe-nate)
Brand Name: Examples include Gaviscon-2 and Genaton

Gaviscon-2 is used for:

Treating acid indigestion, heartburn, and sour stomach. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Gaviscon-2 is an antacid. It works by neutralizing acid in the stomach.

Do NOT use Gaviscon-2 if:

  • you are allergic to any ingredient in Gaviscon-2
  • you have alkalosis (too little acid in the body) or low blood levels of calcium or chloride
  • you are vomiting
  • you are also taking citrate salts (found in some calcium supplements, antacids, and laxatives)

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Slideshow: OTC Medication Use In Pregnancy: Wise or Worrisome?

Before using Gaviscon-2:

Some medical conditions may interact with Gaviscon-2. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

  • if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
  • if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
  • if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
  • if you have Alzheimer disease, appendicitis, diarrhea, a stomach blockage, kidney or liver problems, or an ileostomy
  • if you have congestive heart failure, decreased urination, swelling (fluid retention), or rectal bleeding of unknown cause
  • if you have recently had stomach bleeding
  • if you are on a low salt diet

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Gaviscon-2. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

  • Cation exchange resins (eg, sodium polystyrene sulfonate) or citrate salts (found in some calcium supplements, antacids, and laxatives) because they may increase the actions and the risk of Gaviscon-2's side effects
  • Anticoagulants (eg, warfarin), quinidine, sulfonylureas (eg, glyburide), or sympathomimetics (eg, pseudoephedrine) because their actions and the risk of their side effects may be increased
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors (eg, enalapril), anorexiants (eg, amphetamine), beta-blockers (eg, propranolol), bisphosphonates (eg, risedronate), cephalosporins (eg, cephalexin), corticosteroids (eg, prednisone), corticotropin, cyclosporine, delavirdine, digoxin, imidazoles (eg, ketoconazole), lithium, mycophenolate, penicillamine, quinolones (eg, ciprofloxacin), tetracyclines (eg, doxycycline), or thyroid hormones (eg, levothyroxine) because their effectiveness may be decreased by Gaviscon-2, especially when taken at the same time as Gaviscon-2

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Gaviscon-2 may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Gaviscon-2:

Use Gaviscon-2 as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

  • Take Gaviscon-2 by mouth with or without food.
  • Chew thoroughly before swallowing.
  • Do not use Gaviscon-2 within 2 hours before or after taking a beta-blocker (eg, propranolol), bisphosphonate (eg, risedronate), cephalosporin (eg, cephalexin), corticosteroid (eg, hydrocortisone), delavirdine, digoxin, imidazole (eg, ketoconazole), penicillamine, or sulfonylurea (eg, glyburide) because their effectiveness may be decreased by Gaviscon-2.
  • If you miss a dose of Gaviscon-2 and you are taking it regularly, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Gaviscon-2.

Important safety information:

  • Do NOT take more than the recommended dose or take the maximum dose for longer than 2 weeks without checking with your doctor.
  • If your symptoms do not get better within 2 weeks or if they get worse, or if you experience black, tarry stools or vomit that looks like coffee grounds, check with your doctor.
  • Gaviscon-2 has aluminum and magnesium in it. Before you begin taking any new prescription or over-the-counter medicine, read the ingredients to see has aluminum or magnesium in it too. If it does or if you are not sure, check with your doctor or pharmacist.
  • PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Gaviscon-2 while you are pregnant. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use Gaviscon-2, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.

Possible side effects of Gaviscon-2:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Constipation; diarrhea.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); loss of appetite; muscle weakness; nausea; slow reflexes; vomiting.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately.

Proper storage of Gaviscon-2:

Store Gaviscon-2 between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Store in a tightly closed container. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Gaviscon-2 out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information:

  • If you have any questions about Gaviscon-2, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • Gaviscon-2 is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
  • If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
  • Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take Gaviscon-2 or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about Gaviscon-2. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to Gaviscon-2. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using Gaviscon-2.

Issue Date: July 2, 2014
Database Edition 14.3.1.001
Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.

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