Generic Name: buprenorphine/naloxone (BUE-pre-NOR-feen/nal-OX-one)
Brand Name: Suboxone
Buprenorphine/naloxone film is used for:
Treating opioid dependence. It should be used as part of a complete narcotic dependence treatment plan. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Buprenorphine/naloxone film is an opioid (narcotic) partial agonist-antagonist. It works in the brain and nervous system to help prevent withdrawal symptoms in someone who has stopped taking narcotics.
Do NOT use buprenorphine/naloxone film if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in buprenorphine/naloxone film
- you are taking sodium oxybate (GHB)
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using buprenorphine/naloxone film:
Some medical conditions may interact with buprenorphine/naloxone film. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have a history of blood or electrolyte problems, breathing or lung problems (eg, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD]), low blood oxygen levels, high blood carbon dioxide levels, curvature of the spine (eg, kyphoscoliosis), certain heart problems (eg, cor pulmonale), thyroid problems, adrenal gland problems (eg, Addison disease), liver problems (eg, hepatitis B or C), abnormal liver enzyme tests, kidney problems, an enlarged prostate gland, trouble urinating, a blockage of your bladder or urethra, seizures, or gallbladder problems
- if you have a history of stomach or bowel problems (eg, inflammatory bowel disease), blockage, or surgery
- if you have slow or shallow breathing, severe drowsiness, stomach problems, or poor health
- if you have a history of recent head injury, growths in the brain (eg, tumor, lesion), or increased pressure in the brain
- if you have a history of mental or mood problems (eg, hallucinations), suicidal thoughts or behaviors, or drug or alcohol abuse; or if you are in alcohol withdrawal
- if you have never taken buprenorphine or an opioid (narcotic) pain medicine before
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with buprenorphine/naloxone film. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- Azole antifungals (eg, ketoconazole, voriconazole), benzodiazepines (eg, diazepam), delavirdine, HIV protease inhibitors (eg, atazanavir, ritonavir), macrolide antibiotics (eg, erythromycin), narcotic pain medicine (eg, codeine), perampanel, phenothiazines (eg, chlorpromazine), or sodium oxybate (GHB) because they may increase the risk of buprenorphine/naloxone film's side effects
- Carbamazepine, efavirenz, etravirine, naltrexone, nevirapine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, or rifamycins (eg, rifampin) because they may decrease buprenorphine/naloxone film's effectiveness or withdrawal symptoms may occur
- Methadone because its effectiveness may be decreased by buprenorphine/naloxone film
- Medicines that may harm the liver (eg, acetaminophen, methotrexate, isoniazid, certain medicines for HIV infection) because the risk of liver side effects may be increased. Ask your doctor if you are unsure if any of your medicines might harm the liver
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if buprenorphine/naloxone film may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use buprenorphine/naloxone film:
Use buprenorphine/naloxone film as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Buprenorphine/naloxone film comes with an extra patient information sheet called a Medication Guide. Read it carefully. Read it again each time you get buprenorphine/naloxone film refilled.
- Before you take buprenorphine/naloxone film, drink water to moisten your mouth. This will help the film dissolve more easily.
- Do not cut, chew, or swallow the film whole. Place the film under your tongue, close to the base either to the left or right of the center. Keep the film in place and allow it to completely dissolve. Do not eat, drink, smoke, or talk while the film is dissolving.
- Do not move the film once it has been placed.
- Do not remove the film from the foil package until you are ready to take buprenorphine/naloxone film. Make sure that your hands are dry when you open the foil package.
- To open the foil pouch, fold along the dotted line and tear down at the slit or cut with scissors along the arrow.
- If your doctor tells you to use more than 1 film at the same time, place the additional film under your tongue on the opposite side from the first film. Do not place the films on top of each other and try to avoid having the films touch as much as possible. If your doctor tells you to use a third film, place it under the tongue on either side after the first 2 films have dissolved.
- Do not suddenly stop taking buprenorphine/naloxone film without checking with your doctor. You may experience withdrawal symptoms, such as pain, cramps, vomiting, diarrhea, anxiety, sleeping problems, and cravings. If you need to stop buprenorphine/naloxone film, your doctor may need to gradually lower your dose.
- Buprenorphine/naloxone film should only be taken by mouth. Life-threatening and sometimes fatal side effects may occur if buprenorphine/naloxone film is administered by injection.
- Take buprenorphine/naloxone film on a regular schedule to get the most benefit from it.
- Taking buprenorphine/naloxone film at the same time each day will help you remember to take it.
- Buprenorphine/naloxone film should be disposed of properly if it is no longer needed. Ask your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist how to appropriately dispose of buprenorphine/naloxone film.
- If you miss a dose of buprenorphine/naloxone film, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once unless your doctor tells you to. If you are not sure what to do if you miss a dose, check with your doctor.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use buprenorphine/naloxone film.
Important safety information:
- Buprenorphine/naloxone film may cause drowsiness or dizziness. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use buprenorphine/naloxone film with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
- Do not drink alcohol while you are using buprenorphine/naloxone film.
- Check with your doctor before you use medicines that may cause drowsiness (eg, sleep aids, muscle relaxers) while you are using buprenorphine/naloxone film; it may add to their effects. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines may cause drowsiness.
- Do not inject buprenorphine/naloxone film. Doing so may cause severe withdrawal symptoms, severe breathing problems, and death.
- Buprenorphine/naloxone film may cause dizziness, light-headedness, or fainting; alcohol, hot weather, exercise, or fever may increase these effects. To prevent them, sit up or stand slowly, especially in the morning. Sit or lie down at the first sign of any of these effects.
- Do NOT change your dose, use more often than prescribed, or suddenly stop taking buprenorphine/naloxone film without checking with your doctor.
- Do not switch to another doseform of buprenorphine/naloxone film without talking to your doctor.
- Tell your doctor or dentist that you take buprenorphine/naloxone film before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.
- Lab tests, including liver function, may be performed while you use buprenorphine/naloxone film. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
- Use buprenorphine/naloxone film with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially breathing problems and drowsiness.
- Buprenorphine/naloxone film should not be used in CHILDREN; safety and effectiveness in children have not been confirmed.
- CHILDREN may be at greater risk of severe and possibly fatal breathing problems. If a child takes buprenorphine/naloxone film, seek medical attention immediately.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you think you may be pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using buprenorphine/naloxone film while you are pregnant. Use of buprenorphine/naloxone film during pregnancy may cause dependence in the fetus or newborn. Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor. Buprenorphine/naloxone film is found in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking buprenorphine/naloxone film.
Some people who use buprenorphine/naloxone film for a long time may develop a need to continue taking it. People who take high doses are also at risk. This is known as DEPENDENCE or addiction.
If you stop taking buprenorphine/naloxone film suddenly, you may have WITHDRAWAL symptoms. These may include anxiety; diarrhea; fever, runny nose, or sneezing; goose bumps and abnormal skin sensations; nausea; pain; rapid heartbeat; rigid muscles; seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there; shivering or tremors; sweating; trouble sleeping; and vomiting.
Possible side effects of buprenorphine/naloxone film:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Burning, numbness, pain, redness, or tingling of the mouth or tongue; constipation; dizziness; drowsiness; headache; light-headedness; mild stomach pain; nausea; sweating; trouble sleeping; vomiting; weakness.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, throat, or tongue; unusual hoarseness; wheezing); anxiety or nervousness; blurred vision; confusion; decreased attention; fainting; feeling of intoxication (feeling drunk); fever, chills, or persistent sore throat; irregular heartbeat; loss of coordination; mental or mood changes (eg, depression); persistent trouble sleeping; severe or persistent dizziness, drowsiness, or light-headedness; severe or persistent stomach pain or constipation; slow, shallow, or difficult breathing; slowed reflexes; slurred speech; swelling of the hands, ankles, or feet; symptoms of liver problems (eg, dark urine, loss of appetite, pale stools, unusual nausea, yellowing of the eyes or skin).
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include fainting; severe dizziness or drowsiness; slow, shallow, or difficult breathing; very small pupils.Proper storage of buprenorphine/naloxone film:
Store buprenorphine/naloxone film at 77 degrees F (25 degrees C). Brief storage at temperatures between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C) is permitted. Store in the original package, away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Do not use if the foil pouch has been opened. Keep buprenorphine/naloxone film out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about buprenorphine/naloxone film, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Buprenorphine/naloxone film is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take buprenorphine/naloxone film or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about buprenorphine/naloxone film. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to buprenorphine/naloxone film. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using buprenorphine/naloxone film.
Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.