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Azithromycin tablets

Pronunciation

Generic Name: azithromycin (ay-ZITH-roe-MYE-sin)
Brand Name: Zithromax

Azithromycin tablets is used for:

Treating mild to moderate infections caused by certain bacteria. It may also be used alone or with other medicines to treat or prevent certain infections in persons with advanced HIV infection. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Azithromycin tablets is a macrolide antibiotic. It slows the growth of, or sometimes kills, sensitive bacteria by reducing the production of important proteins needed by the bacteria to survive.

Do NOT use azithromycin tablets if:

  • you are allergic to any ingredient in azithromycin tablets, to other macrolide antibiotics (eg, erythromycin), or to ketolide antibiotics (eg, telithromycin)
  • you have a history of liver problems or yellowing of the skin or eyes caused by any doseform (eg, tablets, suspension, injection) of azithromycin tablets
  • you have a certain type of irregular heartbeat (QT prolongation), low blood potassium or magnesium levels, or a very slow heartbeat
  • you are taking amiodarone, cisapride, dofetilide, dronedarone, nilotinib, pimozide, procainamide, propafenone, quinidine, sotalol, or tetrabenazine

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

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Before using azithromycin tablets:

Some medical conditions may interact with azithromycin tablets. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

  • if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
  • if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
  • if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
  • if you have liver or kidney problems, a slow or irregular heartbeat, or myasthenia gravis
  • if you have a history of low blood potassium or magnesium levels
  • if you are taking any medicine that may increase the risk of a certain type of irregular heartbeat (prolonged QT interval). Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are unsure if any of your medicines may increase the risk of this type of irregular heartbeat

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with azithromycin tablets. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

  • Many other prescription and nonprescription medicines (eg, used for allergies, blood thinning, cancer, depression or other mental or mood problems, heartburn, infections, involuntary movements, irregular heartbeat or other heart problems, narcotic addiction, nausea and vomiting, pain, Tourette disorder), multivitamin products, and herbal or dietary supplements (eg, herbal teas, coenzyme Q10, garlic, ginseng, St. John's wort) may interact with azithromycin tablets. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you are unsure if any of your medicines might interact with azithromycin tablets

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if azithromycin tablets may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use azithromycin tablets:

Use azithromycin tablets as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

  • Take azithromycin tablets by mouth with or without food. If stomach upset occurs, take with food to reduce stomach irritation.
  • Do not take an antacid that has aluminum or magnesium in it within 1 hour before or 2 hours after you take azithromycin tablets.
  • Azithromycin tablets works best if it is taken at the same time each day.
  • To clear up your infection completely, use azithromycin tablets for the full course of treatment. Keep using it even if you feel better in a few days.
  • If you miss a dose of azithromycin tablets, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use azithromycin tablets.

Important safety information:

  • Azithromycin tablets may cause drowsiness, dizziness, blurred vision, or light-headedness. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use azithromycin tablets with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
  • Azithromycin tablets may cause you to become sunburned more easily. Avoid the sun, sunlamps, or tanning booths until you know how you react to azithromycin tablets. Use a sunscreen or wear protective clothing if you must be outside for more than a short time.
  • Mild diarrhea is common with antibiotic use. However, a more serious form of diarrhea (pseudomembranous colitis) may rarely occur. This may develop while you use the antibiotic or within several months after you stop using it. Contact your doctor right away if stomach pain or cramps, severe diarrhea, or bloody or watery stools occur. Do not treat diarrhea without first checking with your doctor.
  • Tell your doctor or dentist that you take azithromycin tablets before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.
  • Severe and sometimes fatal liver problems have been reported with the use of azithromycin tablets. Contact your doctor immediately if you develop symptoms of liver problems (eg, yellowing of the skin or eyes; dark urine; pale stools; severe or persistent nausea, vomiting, or loss of appetite; unusual itching). Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor.
  • Long-term or repeated use of azithromycin tablets may cause a second infection. Tell your doctor if signs of a second infection occur. Your medicine may need to be changed to treat this.
  • Be sure to use azithromycin tablets for the full course of treatment. If you do not, the medicine may not clear up your infection completely. The bacteria could also become less sensitive to this or other medicines. This could make the infection harder to treat in the future.
  • Azithromycin tablets only works against bacteria; it does not treat viral infections (eg, the common cold).
  • Use azithromycin tablets with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially irregular heartbeat.
  • Azithromycin tablets should not be used in CHILDREN; safety and effectiveness in children have not been confirmed.
  • PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using azithromycin tablets while you are pregnant. It is not known if azithromycin tablets is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you take azithromycin tablets, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.

Possible side effects of azithromycin tablets:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Diarrhea or loose stools; headache; mild stomach pain; nausea; upset stomach; vomiting.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing or swallowing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, throat, or tongue; unusual hoarseness; wheezing); bloody or watery stools; changes in hearing or hearing loss; chest pain; eye or vision problems; irregular heartbeat; mouth sores; muscle weakness; pounding in the chest; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin; ringing in the ears; seizure; severe dizziness; severe or persistent diarrhea; stomach cramps or pain; symptoms of liver problems (eg, yellowing of the skin or eyes; dark urine; pale stools; severe or persistent nausea, vomiting, or loss of appetite; unusual itching); trouble speaking or swallowing; unusual vaginal itching, odor, or discharge.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include diarrhea; nausea; upset stomach; vomiting.

Proper storage of azithromycin tablets:

Store azithromycin tablets below 86 degrees F (30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep azithromycin tablets out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information:

  • If you have any questions about azithromycin tablets, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • Azithromycin tablets is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. Do not use azithromycin tablets for other health conditions.
  • If your symptoms do not improve within a few days or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
  • Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take azithromycin tablets or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about azithromycin tablets. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to azithromycin tablets. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using azithromycin tablets.

Issue Date: July 2, 2014
Database Edition 14.3.1.001
Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.

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