Hydroxyurea use while Breastfeeding

Drugs containing Hydroxyurea: Hydrea, Droxia, Mylocel

Hydroxyurea Levels and Effects while Breastfeeding

Summary of Use during Lactation

Most sources consider breastfeeding to be contraindicated during maternal antineoplastic drug therapy.[1] It might be possible to breastfeed safely during intermittent therapy with an appropriate period of breastfeeding abstinence. Although only minimal data are available to determine an appropriate period to withhold breastfeeding, the drug's terminal half-live of 4.5 hours with normal kidney function suggests that withholding breastfeeding for at least 24 hours may be sufficient. This period may be longer in patients with impaired kidney function. Chemotherapy may adversely affect the normal microbiome and chemical makeup of breastmilk.[2]

Drug Levels

Maternal Levels. A mother was taking 500 mg of hydroxyurea orally three times a day. Milk samples taken 2 hours after the last dose of each day on 3 days averaged 6.1 mg/L (range 3.8 to 8.4 mg/L). Using these data, the infant in this case would have received less than 4% of maternal weight-adjusted dosage.[3]

Infant Levels. Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.

Effects in Breastfed Infants

Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.

Effects on Lactation and Breastmilk

Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.

References

1. Pistilli B, Bellettini G, Giovannetti E et al. Chemotherapy, targeted agents, antiemetics and growth-factors in human milk: How should we counsel cancer patients about breastfeeding? Cancer Treat Rev. 2013;39:207-11. PMID: 23199900

2. Urbaniak C, McMillan A, Angelini M et al. Effect of chemotherapy on the microbiota and metabolome of human milk, a case report. Microbiome. 2014;2 :24. PMID: 25061513

3. Sylvester RK, Lobell M, Teresi ME et al. Excretion of hydroxyurea into milk. Cancer. 1987;60:2177-8. PMID: 3481556

Hydroxyurea Identification

Substance Name

Hydroxyurea

CAS Registry Number

127-07-1

Drug Class

Antineoplastic Agents

Administrative Information

LactMed Record Number

140

Last Revision Date

20141003

Disclaimer

Information presented in this database is not meant as a substitute for professional judgment. You should consult your healthcare provider for breastfeeding advice related to your particular situation. The U.S. government does not warrant or assume any liability or responsibility for the accuracy or completeness of the information on this Site.

Disclaimer: This information is not intended as a substitute for professional judgment. You should consult your healthcare provider for breastfeeding advice related to your particular situation. Use of this website signifies your agreement to the Terms of Use and Online Privacy Policy.

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