Bisoprolol use while Breastfeeding
Drugs containing Bisoprolol: Ziac, Zebeta
Bisoprolol Levels and Effects while Breastfeeding
Summary of Use during Lactation
Because there is little published experience with bisoprolol during breastfeeding, other agents may be preferred, especially while nursing a newborn or preterm infant.
The excretion of beta-adrenergic blocking drugs into breastmilk is largely determined by their protein binding. Those with low binding are more extensively excreted into breastmilk. Accumulation of the drugs in the infant is related to the fraction excreted in urine. With 30% protein binding, 50% renal excretion and a moderately long half-life, bisoprolol presents a moderately high risk for accumulation in infants, especially neonates. No published studies could be located that measured bisoprolol in human milk or the serum of breastfed infants.
Maternal Levels. A woman was admitted at 36 weeks of pregnancy with complete heart block followed by ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation. After stabilization, she was given several doses of amiodarone and begun on bisoprolol 5 mg daily by mouth on day 9 of admission. She pumped her milk and provided 6 aliquots over a 6 day period (time with respect to dosage not stated). Bisoprolol was undetectable (<1 mcg/L) in all samples.
Infant Levels. Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.
Effects in Breastfed Infants
A study of mothers taking beta-blockers during nursing found a numerically, but not statistically significant increased number of adverse reactions in those taking any beta-blocker. Although the ages of infants were matched to control infants, the ages of the affected infants were not stated. None of the mothers were taking bisoprolol.
Beta-adrenergic blocking drugs with similar breastmilk excretion characteristics have caused adverse effects in breastfed newborns.
Effects on Lactation and Breastmilk
A study in 6 patients with hyperprolactinemia and galactorrhea found no changes in serum prolactin levels following beta-adrenergic blockade with propranolol. Relevant published information on the effects of beta-blockade or bisoprolol during normal lactation was not found as of the revision date.
Alternate Drugs to Consider
1. Riant P, Urien S, Albengres E et al. High plasma protein binding as a parameter in the selection of betablockers for lactating women. Biochem Pharmacol. 1986;35:4579-81. PMID: 2878668
2. Khurana R, Bin Jardan YA, Wilkie J, Brocks DR. Breast milk concentrations of amiodarone, desethylamiodarone, and bisoprolol following short-term drug exposure: Two case reports. J Clin Pharmacol. 2014;54:828-31. PMID: 24482268
3. Ho TK, Moretti ME, Schaeffer JK et al. Maternal beta-blocker usage and breast feeding in the neonate. Pediatr Res. 1999;45:67A. Abstract 385.
4. Boutroy MJ, Bianchetti G, Dubruc C, et al. To nurse when receiving acebutolol: is it dangerous for the neonate? Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1986;30:737-9. PMID: 3770068
5. Schimmel MS, Eidelman AI, Wilschanski MA et al. Toxic effects of atenolol consumed during breast feeding. J Pediatr. 1989;114:476-8. PMID: 2921694
6. Board JA, Fierro RJ, Wasserman AJ et al. Effects of alpha- and beta-adrenergic blocking agents on serum prolactin levels in women with hyperprolactinemia and galactorrhea. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1977;127:285-7. PMID: 556882
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