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Salmonella Gastroenteritis Blog

Mouse Study Suggests Antibiotics May Aid Salmonella's Spread in Animals

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 20, 2014 – Antibiotics might actually help Salmonella – bacteria that cause food poisoning – spread among infected animals, according to new research. Although this phenomenon isn't yet known to have occurred among people, the study's authors cautioned their findings should serve as a reminder of the potential dangers of antibiotic use. They also noted that their findings call into question the pervasive use of low doses of antibiotics among livestock. "We humans shouldn't take antibiotics lightly. We need to consider whether they're always beneficial when they're given to animals across the board, or when we take them ourselves," said the study's senior author, Denise Monack, associate professor of microbiology and immunology at Stanford University School of Medicine, in a university news release. The study's authors explained that some mice are normally what's known as ... Read more

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Antibiotic Resistance Among Foodborne-Illness Germs a Mixed Bag: CDC

Posted 1 Jul 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 1, 2014 – There's good news and bad news about antibiotic resistance among the germs that cause foodborne illnesses, a new U.S. government report released Tuesday shows. "Our latest data show some progress in reducing resistance among some germs that make people sick, but unfortunately we're also seeing greater resistance in some pathogens, like certain types of salmonella," Dr. Robert Tauxe, deputy director of the division of foodborne, waterborne and environmental diseases at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said in an agency news release. Each year, antibiotic-resistant infections from foodborne germs cause about 430,000 illnesses in the United States, according to the CDC. The agency's latest data, from 2012, show that multidrug-resistant salmonella, which causes about 100,000 illnesses a year, decreased during the past 10 years and resistance to ... Read more

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Antibiotic Resistance Ups Salmonella Hospitalizations: CDC

Posted 9 Oct 2013 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 9 – Because of antibiotic resistance, 42 percent of patients stricken with salmonella tied to a California chicken farm have required hospitalization, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported Wednesday. The outbreak's investigation, which has been hampered by the U.S. government shutdown, got a boost Wednesday afternoon with the announcement that 30 furloughed CDC employees were being called back to work. "Ten were brought back to work on foodborne outbreaks," CDC spokeswoman Barbara Reynolds said. So far, 278 people from 17 states have been reported ill from chickens traced to three Foster Farms plants in California. About 42 percent of the 183 patients for whom information is available have been hospitalized – 76 in all – which is an unusually high rate for Salmonella Heidelberg, said CDC spokesman John O'Connor. "The typical hospitalization rate ... Read more

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Salmonella Cause of Most Foodborne-Illness Outbreaks: CDC

Posted 24 Jan 2013 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 24 – Food poisoning sickens millions of Americans each year, and most outbreaks are caused by salmonella-tainted foods or norovirus, federal health officials report. Salmonella-contaminated eggs alone accounted for 2,231 illnesses in 2009-2010, according to researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention who set out to identify the specific pathogens responsible for widespread foodborne illnesses. "CDC estimates that one in six Americans get sick from a foodborne illness each year," said lead author L. Hannah Gould, a senior epidemiologist at CDC's National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases. More than 1,500 foodborne-disease outbreaks were reported in 2009-2010, involving nearly 29,500 illnesses, 1,200 hospitalizations and 23 deaths, according to the CDC. Besides salmonella in eggs, common causes of outbreaks included E. coli O157 ... Read more

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Scientists Warn of New Multidrug-Resistant Salmonella

Posted 3 Aug 2011 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3 – The identification of a new multidrug-resistant strain of salmonella shows the importance of public health surveillance in a global food system, French scientists say. Their analysis of national surveillance systems in the United States, Denmark, France, England and Wales revealed the emergence of the S. Kentucky strain of salmonella, which has a high level of resistance to ciprofloxacin, a common treatment for severe salmonella infections. This strain infected 489 patients in France, England and Wales, and Denmark between 2000 and 2008. The first infections were acquired mainly in Egypt between 2002 and 2005. Since 2006, infections have also been acquired in various parts of Africa and the Middle East. About 10 percent of the European patients said they hadn't traveled to any of these areas, which suggests that their infections may have resulted from eating ... Read more

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In U.S., Salmonella Is On the Rise While E. Coli Retreats

Posted 7 Jun 2011 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 7 – As a deadly new strain of E. coli in Europe makes headlines, U.S. health officials announced Tuesday that salmonella, not E. coli, remains the biggest foodborne health threat to Americans. In fact, while rates of several types of foodborne illness – including E. coli – have been falling over the past 15 years, there's been no progress against salmonella infections, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. While infections from Shiga toxin-producing E. coli O157 (the strain of most concern in the United States) have dropped almost in half and the rates of six other foodborne infections have been cut 23 percent, salmonella infections have risen 10 percent, the agency said. "There are about 50 million people each year who become sick from food in the U.S. That's about one in six Americans," CDC director Dr. Thomas R. Frieden said during a noon ... Read more

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Fast Response Crucial in Outbreaks of Food-Borne Illness: Study

Posted 23 Feb 2011 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 23 – Nearly three years after a nationwide salmonella outbreak that sickened about 1,500 people and claimed two lives, U.S. epidemiologists have learned that speed is of the essence in identifying sources of food contamination and preventing further infection. But speed requires resources that cost money and, as an editorial accompanying the paper in the Feb. 23 online issue of the New England Journal of Medicine points out, funds may not be forthcoming. Although the recently signed Food Safety Modernization Act could help the U.S. Food and Drug Administration respond better to outbreaks of food-borne illness, the reality is that Congress still needs to authorize the money, the editorial stated. During the 2008 outbreak – the largest episode of food-borne illness in the United States in 10 years – investigators initially thought the contamination came from tomatoes. ... Read more

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Health Tip: Some Shouldn't Take Antidiarrheal Drugs

Posted 18 Oct 2010 by Drugs.com

-- Loperamide and bismuth subsalicylate are over-the-counter drugs designed to help people with diarrhea feel better. The American Academy of Family Physicians says while they're safe for most people, not everyone should take these medicines. Among those who should avoid the drugs: Children aged 6 or younger should avoid loperamide; 12 or younger should avoid bismuth subsalicylate. Anyone with a fever, bloody or black stools, or prior allergic reaction to the drug should avoid loperamide. Anyone who has an allergy to aspirin or salicylate medications should avoid bismuth subsalicylate. Anyone aged 12 to 18 who could have the chickenpox or flu also should avoid bismuth subsalicylate. Read more

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FDA Chief Says More Egg Recalls Possible

Posted 23 Aug 2010 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 23 – There may be more recalls of eggs potentially tainted by salmonella, the head of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Monday. "We may see some additional sort of sub-recalls over the next couple of days, maybe even weeks, as we better understand the network of distribution of these eggs that are contaminated," agency director Margaret Hamburg told NBC's Today show. She also believes that new laws are needed to expand the agency's enforcement from a mostly reactive stance on food safety to a more "preventive approach." Appearing on the network morning news programs, Hamburg said the FDA is taking the salmonella outbreak "very, very seriously." But, she added, Congress should pass pending legislation that would give her agency greater enforcement power, including new authority over imported food, the Associated Press reported. "We need better abilities and ... Read more

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E. coli Declines, but Other Foodborne Illnesses a Worry

Posted 16 Apr 2010 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 15 – U.S. officials report a continuing decline in food-related illnesses caused by several common bacteria, including the most virulent form of E. coli. But Vibrio, a pathogen most often acquired from oysters which can cause severe illness or even death, is on the rise, while rates of Salmonella infection have remained flat in recent years. "Overall, this year's report shows a reduction in the number of illnesses due to many of these important pathogens over the past 10 to 15 years," said Dr. Chris Braden, acting director of the Division of Foodborne, Waterborne and Environmental Diseases at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). "This reflects the impact of measures to prevent foodborne illness, but additional measures are needed," he said at a Thursday press conference. The preliminary 2009 data comes from the interagency FoodNet system, which ... Read more

Related support groups: Infectious Gastroenteritis, Campylobacter Gastroenteritis, Salmonella Gastroenteritis

FDA Investigating Salmonella-Tainted Pistachios

Posted 30 Mar 2009 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 30 – U.S. Food and Drug Administration officials said Monday night that the agency is investigating a salmonella contamination that could involve 1 million pounds of pistachios that were sold in at least 31 states. The current contamination is not connected to the recent salmonella scare involving peanuts, the officials said. "We are not dealing with an outbreak here," Dr. David Acheson, associate commissioner for foods at the FDA, said during a teleconference Monday evening. "This is a proactive move by the firm to recall contaminated product, and it is very distinctly not linked to an outbreak. This recall is being undertaken by sampling by part of the food industry." The California Department of Public Health is also involved in the investigation. The company in question, Setton Farms, is recalling certain pistachio nuts based on these findings, Acheson said. ... Read more

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