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Pets Can Spread Infections to People: Review

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 20, 2015 – Pets can transfer infections to humans, especially young children, seniors, pregnant women and those with weakened immune systems, experts report. Pet owners and health care providers need to be aware of this risk and take steps to protect vulnerable people, said the authors of a review published in the April 20 issue of the Canadian Medical Association Journal. "Studies suggest physicians do not regularly ask about pet contact, nor do they discuss the risks of zoonotic diseases with patients, regardless of the patient's immune status," said Dr. Jason Stull in a journal news release. He is an assistant professor in the department of veterinary preventive medicine at Ohio State University. A zoonotic disease is one that can be passed between animals and humans. All pets can transmit diseases to people, including salmonella, drug-resistant bacteria, ... Read more

Related support groups: Campylobacter Gastroenteritis, Salmonella Gastroenteritis, Helminthic Infection, Worms and Flukes

The Inside Dish on Barbecue Safety

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

SUNDAY, April 12, 2015 – Barbecues and picnics are synonymous with warm weather, and following food safety rules will help ensure that everyone stays healthy, an expert says. "First and foremost, remember that the 'time-temperature danger zone' is between 40 degrees F and 140 degrees F," said Rebecca Blake, director of clinical nutrition at Mount Sinai Beth Israel Hospital in New York City. "Foods should not be left in this temperature range for more than two hours. If it is, it should be thrown away immediately." On very hot days, when temperatures top 90 degrees F., food should be left out for no more than one hour, she noted. "Leaving food out too long at room [or outdoor] temperatures can cause bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella, E. coli and Campylobacter) to grow to dangerous levels that can make us sick – usually with symptoms of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea," Blake said. ... Read more

Related support groups: Gastroenteritis, Campylobacter Gastroenteritis, Salmonella Gastroenteritis

Steer Clear of Raw Milk, Researchers Warn

Posted 31 Mar 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 31, 2015 – Raw milk causes more than half of all milk-related foodborne illnesses in the United States, even though only about 3.5 percent of Americans drink raw milk, according to a new report. The researchers warned that people are nearly 100 times more likely to get a foodborne illness from raw (unpasteurized) milk than from pasteurized milk. While some claim that raw milk is healthier and tastes better than pasteurized milk, the report authors said their findings show that raw milk carries significant health risks. People should not drink it, they said. The team at the Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future reviewed 81 published journal articles about raw cow's milk. They found it was often contaminated with Salmonella, Campylobacter, Listeria and a dangerous type of E. coli. These bacteria can cause foodborne illness leading to diarrhea, vomiting, cramping, fever ... Read more

Related support groups: Gastroenteritis, Traveler's Diarrhea, Campylobacter Gastroenteritis, Salmonella Gastroenteritis

Health Tip: Cancer Treatment Makes Foodborne Illness a Bigger Concern

Posted 23 Mar 2015 by Drugs.com

-- People being treated for cancer are more vulnerable to foodborne illness and its serious complications. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration explains why: Radiation, chemotherapy and other cancer treatments can weaken your immune system. Cancer itself also may compromise your immune system. A weaker immune system means you are more susceptible to infection, including foodborne illness. Foodborne infection may extend your illness, potentially leading to complications and hospitalization. To avoid contracting a foodborne illness, you need to be careful when handling, preparing and eating foods, the FDA says. Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Traveler's Diarrhea, Campylobacter Gastroenteritis, Salmonella Gastroenteritis

U.S. Officials Pinpoint Common Sources of Foodborne Illnesses

Posted 24 Feb 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 24, 2015 – Beef, dairy, fruit and certain types of vegetables are among the most common sources for the four major types of foodborne illness that strike nearly 2 million Americans each year, a U.S. government report finds. More than 80 percent of E. coli O157 illnesses are linked to beef and vegetable row crops, such as leafy vegetables, while 77 percent of salmonella infections are associated with seeded vegetables (such as tomatoes), eggs, fruit, chicken, beef, sprouts and pork, the report showed. About three-quarters of campylobacter illnesses are linked with dairy (66 percent) and chicken (8 percent). Most of the outbreaks caused by dairy were associated with raw milk or cheese produced from raw milk, such as unpasteurized queso fresco, officials said. Fruit is implicated in 50 percent of listeria infections, followed by dairy at 31 percent, according to the ... Read more

Related support groups: Infectious Gastroenteritis, Traveler's Diarrhea, Campylobacter Gastroenteritis, Salmonella Gastroenteritis

Health Tip: Keep Certain Foods Isolated

Posted 31 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

-- Foods such as meat, seafood, poultry and eggs must be separated from other edibles to prevent possible cross-contamination with germs. The Foodsafety.gov website offers these suggestions: Keep these foods separate from all other foods in your grocery shopping cart. When you check out at the grocery, make sure each of these foods is separately wrapped in a plastic bag to prevent juices from leaking. Keep these foods in plastic bags or storage containers in the refrigerator or freezer. Eggs should be stored in their cartons and kept in the main part of the refrigerator, not in the door. Read more

Related support groups: Salmonella Gastroenteritis

Mouse Study Suggests Antibiotics May Aid Salmonella's Spread in Animals

Posted 20 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 20, 2014 – Antibiotics might actually help Salmonella – bacteria that cause food poisoning – spread among infected animals, according to new research. Although this phenomenon isn't yet known to have occurred among people, the study's authors cautioned their findings should serve as a reminder of the potential dangers of antibiotic use. They also noted that their findings call into question the pervasive use of low doses of antibiotics among livestock. "We humans shouldn't take antibiotics lightly. We need to consider whether they're always beneficial when they're given to animals across the board, or when we take them ourselves," said the study's senior author, Denise Monack, associate professor of microbiology and immunology at Stanford University School of Medicine, in a university news release. The study's authors explained that some mice are normally what's known as ... Read more

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Antibiotic Resistance Among Foodborne-Illness Germs a Mixed Bag: CDC

Posted 1 Jul 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 1, 2014 – There's good news and bad news about antibiotic resistance among the germs that cause foodborne illnesses, a new U.S. government report released Tuesday shows. "Our latest data show some progress in reducing resistance among some germs that make people sick, but unfortunately we're also seeing greater resistance in some pathogens, like certain types of salmonella," Dr. Robert Tauxe, deputy director of the division of foodborne, waterborne and environmental diseases at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said in an agency news release. Each year, antibiotic-resistant infections from foodborne germs cause about 430,000 illnesses in the United States, according to the CDC. The agency's latest data, from 2012, show that multidrug-resistant salmonella, which causes about 100,000 illnesses a year, decreased during the past 10 years and resistance to ... Read more

Related support groups: Azithromycin, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Zithromax, Levofloxacin, Avelox, Rocephin, Ceftriaxone, Zithromax Z-Pak, Ofloxacin, Typhoid Fever, Moxifloxacin, Z-Pak, Gatifloxacin, Azithromycin Dose Pack, Gemifloxacin, Norfloxacin, Sparfloxacin, Floxin

Antibiotic Resistance Ups Salmonella Hospitalizations: CDC

Posted 9 Oct 2013 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 9 – Because of antibiotic resistance, 42 percent of patients stricken with salmonella tied to a California chicken farm have required hospitalization, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported Wednesday. The outbreak's investigation, which has been hampered by the U.S. government shutdown, got a boost Wednesday afternoon with the announcement that 30 furloughed CDC employees were being called back to work. "Ten were brought back to work on foodborne outbreaks," CDC spokeswoman Barbara Reynolds said. So far, 278 people from 17 states have been reported ill from chickens traced to three Foster Farms plants in California. About 42 percent of the 183 patients for whom information is available have been hospitalized – 76 in all – which is an unusually high rate for Salmonella Heidelberg, said CDC spokesman John O'Connor. "The typical hospitalization rate ... Read more

Related support groups: Salmonella Gastroenteritis

Salmonella Cause of Most Foodborne-Illness Outbreaks: CDC

Posted 24 Jan 2013 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 24 – Food poisoning sickens millions of Americans each year, and most outbreaks are caused by salmonella-tainted foods or norovirus, federal health officials report. Salmonella-contaminated eggs alone accounted for 2,231 illnesses in 2009-2010, according to researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention who set out to identify the specific pathogens responsible for widespread foodborne illnesses. "CDC estimates that one in six Americans get sick from a foodborne illness each year," said lead author L. Hannah Gould, a senior epidemiologist at CDC's National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases. More than 1,500 foodborne-disease outbreaks were reported in 2009-2010, involving nearly 29,500 illnesses, 1,200 hospitalizations and 23 deaths, according to the CDC. Besides salmonella in eggs, common causes of outbreaks included E. coli O157 ... Read more

Related support groups: Salmonella Gastroenteritis

Scientists Warn of New Multidrug-Resistant Salmonella

Posted 3 Aug 2011 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3 – The identification of a new multidrug-resistant strain of salmonella shows the importance of public health surveillance in a global food system, French scientists say. Their analysis of national surveillance systems in the United States, Denmark, France, England and Wales revealed the emergence of the S. Kentucky strain of salmonella, which has a high level of resistance to ciprofloxacin, a common treatment for severe salmonella infections. This strain infected 489 patients in France, England and Wales, and Denmark between 2000 and 2008. The first infections were acquired mainly in Egypt between 2002 and 2005. Since 2006, infections have also been acquired in various parts of Africa and the Middle East. About 10 percent of the European patients said they hadn't traveled to any of these areas, which suggests that their infections may have resulted from eating ... Read more

Related support groups: Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Cipro XR, Salmonella Gastroenteritis, Cipro IV, Proquin XR, Cipro Cystitis Pack

In U.S., Salmonella Is On the Rise While E. Coli Retreats

Posted 7 Jun 2011 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 7 – As a deadly new strain of E. coli in Europe makes headlines, U.S. health officials announced Tuesday that salmonella, not E. coli, remains the biggest foodborne health threat to Americans. In fact, while rates of several types of foodborne illness – including E. coli – have been falling over the past 15 years, there's been no progress against salmonella infections, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. While infections from Shiga toxin-producing E. coli O157 (the strain of most concern in the United States) have dropped almost in half and the rates of six other foodborne infections have been cut 23 percent, salmonella infections have risen 10 percent, the agency said. "There are about 50 million people each year who become sick from food in the U.S. That's about one in six Americans," CDC director Dr. Thomas R. Frieden said during a noon ... Read more

Related support groups: Salmonella Gastroenteritis

Fast Response Crucial in Outbreaks of Food-Borne Illness: Study

Posted 23 Feb 2011 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 23 – Nearly three years after a nationwide salmonella outbreak that sickened about 1,500 people and claimed two lives, U.S. epidemiologists have learned that speed is of the essence in identifying sources of food contamination and preventing further infection. But speed requires resources that cost money and, as an editorial accompanying the paper in the Feb. 23 online issue of the New England Journal of Medicine points out, funds may not be forthcoming. Although the recently signed Food Safety Modernization Act could help the U.S. Food and Drug Administration respond better to outbreaks of food-borne illness, the reality is that Congress still needs to authorize the money, the editorial stated. During the 2008 outbreak – the largest episode of food-borne illness in the United States in 10 years – investigators initially thought the contamination came from tomatoes. ... Read more

Related support groups: Salmonella Gastroenteritis

Health Tip: Some Shouldn't Take Antidiarrheal Drugs

Posted 18 Oct 2010 by Drugs.com

-- Loperamide and bismuth subsalicylate are over-the-counter drugs designed to help people with diarrhea feel better. The American Academy of Family Physicians says while they're safe for most people, not everyone should take these medicines. Among those who should avoid the drugs: Children aged 6 or younger should avoid loperamide; 12 or younger should avoid bismuth subsalicylate. Anyone with a fever, bloody or black stools, or prior allergic reaction to the drug should avoid loperamide. Anyone who has an allergy to aspirin or salicylate medications should avoid bismuth subsalicylate. Anyone aged 12 to 18 who could have the chickenpox or flu also should avoid bismuth subsalicylate. Read more

Related support groups: Diarrhea, Imodium, Pepto-Bismol, Loperamide, Diarrhea, Chronic, Kaopectate, Infectious Diarrhea, Salmonella Enteric Fever, Anti-Diarrheal, Bismuth Subsalicylate, Imodium A-D, Diarrhea, Acute, Campylobacter Gastroenteritis, Kaopectate Extra Strength, Salmonella Gastroenteritis, Childrens Kaopectate, Kaopectate Caplet, Diar-Aid, Kapectolin (New Formula), Peptic Relief

FDA Chief Says More Egg Recalls Possible

Posted 23 Aug 2010 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 23 – There may be more recalls of eggs potentially tainted by salmonella, the head of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Monday. "We may see some additional sort of sub-recalls over the next couple of days, maybe even weeks, as we better understand the network of distribution of these eggs that are contaminated," agency director Margaret Hamburg told NBC's Today show. She also believes that new laws are needed to expand the agency's enforcement from a mostly reactive stance on food safety to a more "preventive approach." Appearing on the network morning news programs, Hamburg said the FDA is taking the salmonella outbreak "very, very seriously." But, she added, Congress should pass pending legislation that would give her agency greater enforcement power, including new authority over imported food, the Associated Press reported. "We need better abilities and ... Read more

Related support groups: Salmonella Gastroenteritis

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