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Related terms: Obsessive Compulsive Neurosis, OCD, Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder, OCPD

People With OCD May Have Higher Odds for Schizophrenia: Study

Posted 16 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 3, 2014 – People with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) may be at higher risk for schizophrenia, a new study suggests. Still, the findings shouldn't cause undue worry in people with OCD, one expert said. "In the general population, about 1 percent of people are diagnosed with schizophrenia – a proportion that jumps to 2 percent among those who already have a diagnosis of OCD," explained Dr. Alan Manevitz, who was not involved in the study but reviewed its findings. "But even with this doubled risk, it would be alarmist to suggest that a person with OCD has a high chance of developing schizophrenia," said Manevitz, a clinical psychiatrist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. "In fact, that risk remains small." While OCD and schizophrenia are two distinct mental disorders, prior research has suggested a link between the two conditions. In the new study, Danish ... Read more

Related support groups: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Schizophrenia

Most People Have Unwanted Thoughts, International Study Finds

Posted 9 May 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 9, 2014 – Do you ever feel a bit tortured by the idea that you left the iron on or caught a dread disease in that dirty restroom? Ever have a random thought about hurting someone even though you're not a violent person? You're far from alone. A new study reports that many college students around the world routinely have these kinds of "intrusive" worries – even if they don't have obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The findings suggest it's not the thoughts that are the problem for people with OCD but the way they react to them, said study lead author Adam Radomsky, director of the Center for Clinical Research in Health at Concordia University, in Montreal. "Almost everyone has these kinds of thoughts. They're normal, and they're a part of being human," Radomsky said. For people who suffer from OCD, this knowledge "can be incredibly helpful to change the meaning that they ... Read more

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'Exposure Therapy' Along With Antidepressants May Help With OCD

Posted 11 Sep 2013 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 11 – New research suggests that patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder do better when they combine intensive "exposure therapy" with an antidepressant rather than taking a common two-drug combination. There are caveats, however: The kind of exposure therapy used in the study required patients to see therapists twice a week, which can be expensive; some obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients simply refuse to engage in this kind of therapy; and it's not clear what happens to patients in the long term. Still, OCD patients who take antidepressants and still have symptoms should try exposure therapy before taking the medications with a drug known as risperidone, said study lead author Dr. Helen Blair Simpson, a professor of clinical psychiatry at Columbia University. "If risperidone is tried, clinicians should know that it is likely to help only a small subset, ... Read more

Related support groups: Lexapro, Zoloft, Prozac, Celexa, Paxil, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Citalopram, Sertraline, Fluoxetine, Risperdal, Risperidone, Escitalopram, Paroxetine, Luvox, Paxil CR, Fluvoxamine, Sarafem, Luvox CR, Risperdal Consta, Pexeva

Canine Research Sheds Light on OCD in Humans

Posted 14 Jun 2013 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 14 – Dogs may once again prove to be man's best friend, this time in new canine research findings that might help doctors get a better handle on obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in humans. Brain scans suggest that dogs who suffer from a comparably debilitating condition known as canine compulsive disorder (CCD) show similar structural brain abnormalities as those found in people diagnosed with OCD. Alongside prior research that suggested OCD and CCD share the same genetic underpinnings, the same behaviors and the same responses to treatment, this latest study indicates that the disorder's biological progression among man's four-legged companions may offer valuable insight into a poorly understood human condition. "This is an exciting finding because the current treatment options for OCD are less than satisfactory, with only about half of patients responding well, which ... Read more

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Latest Edition of Psychiatry's 'Bible' Launched Amid Controversy

Posted 20 May 2013 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 20 – As the American Psychiatric Association unveiled last week the latest edition of what is considered the "bible" of modern psychiatry, the uproar over its many changes continues. "This is unprecedented, the amount of commentary and debate and criticism," said Dr. Jeffrey Lieberman, president-elect of the American Psychiatric Association (APA). "It's been an interesting phenomenon, but the evidence is what it is. You have to evaluate it and then make your own determination of how compelling it is, and what would be best clinical practice." The APA believes that changes made in this fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) will allow for more precise diagnoses of mental illnesses in patients, because this edition better characterizes and categorizes disorders. But it has drawn fire from critics who are concerned that the revised ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Depression, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Autism, Psychiatric Disorders, Asperger Syndrome, Trichotillomania, Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder, Hoarding Disorder

Motherhood May Spur Obsessive-Compulsive Behavior in Some

Posted 5 Mar 2013 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 5 – New mothers have a much higher rate of obsessive-compulsive symptoms than other people and these symptoms center on their baby's well-being, a new study indicates. For example, a new mother may constantly worry and check to see if her baby is still breathing; she may obsess about germs and whether she's properly sterilized the baby's bottles and then wash or rewash them; or she may be unduly concerned about injuring her baby, according to the study authors. The researchers surveyed hundreds of new mothers and found that 11 percent of them had significant obsessive-compulsive symptoms at two weeks and at six months after giving birth. The rate in the general population is 2 percent to 3 percent. These symptoms are usually temporary and could result from hormonal changes or may be an adaptive response to caring for a new baby, the researchers suggested. They found that ... Read more

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Scientists Pinpoint How Deep Brain Stimulation Eases OCD

Posted 25 Feb 2013 by Drugs.com

SUNDAY, Feb. 24 – Deep brain stimulation has helped people with severe obsessive-compulsive disorder, and new research begins to explain why. A Dutch study appearing in the Feb. 24 online issue of the journal Nature Neuroscience found the procedure essentially restored normal function in a part of the brain called the nucleus accumbens. The nucleus accumbens "is part of a greater brain network," explained study author Dr. Martijn Figee. "This network is involved in motivation and the processing of rewards, and its activity is disturbed in [obsessive-compulsive disorder], probably explaining why [patients] are stuck in pathological behaviors at the cost of healthy ones." So, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is essentially the result of faulty wiring in the brain. It's not so much a disorder of a specific part of the brain than it is a "disorder of neurocircuitry," explained Dr. Brian ... Read more

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Man's Best Friend Points the Way in Genetic Research

Posted 15 Aug 2012 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 15 – Dogs may soon become man's best friend on a level that goes far beyond companionship and loyalty. Researchers report that the canine genome, similar in many ways to the human one, is starting to shed light on a wide range of human diseases. What makes dogs particularly interesting to scientists is their breed structure – a type of artificial selection – which creates distinct and diverse lines of animals that range from the muscular German shepherd to the nervous Chihuahua, from the hard-working collie to the perpetually pampered poodle. According to a review article published Aug. 16 in the New England Journal of Medicine, the fact that most purebred dogs have descended from small, closely related parentage with large litters means recessive diseases are common among them. To those interested in genetics, that's exciting. It makes less common recessive diseases ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Osteoarthritis, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Epilepsy, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Autoimmune Disorders, Lupus Erythematosus, Retinal Disorders

Genetic Studies Give Clues to Tourette Syndrome, OCD

Posted 14 Aug 2012 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 14 – Two new large-scale studies searching for the genetic links to a couple of relatively common psychiatric conditions show how difficult it can be to decipher the human genome's role in disease. The research, the first genome-wide studies looking at the potential association of particular genes with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and Tourette syndrome, was published in two reports in the Aug. 14 issue of Molecular Psychiatry. While the studies failed to identify particular genes responsible for either of these conditions, it contributed important new clues. "The studies suggest there are probably lots of different genes of small effect that play a role, or, perhaps, there is a rare single gene," said Dr. Francis McMahon, chief of the human genetics branch within the intramural research program at the U.S. National Institute of Mental Health. While the research did ... Read more

Related support groups: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Tourette's Syndrome

Brain Scans of 'Hoarders' Show Unique Abnormalities

Posted 6 Aug 2012 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 6 – People with "hoarding disorder" show abnormalities in brain scans that distinguish them from those who have other types of obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD), new research shows. "We wanted to see whether the brain activity of people who hoard is different from that of people with OCD, and whether it is different from that of healthy people," explained study author David Tolin, director of the Anxiety Disorders Center and Center for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy within the Institute of Living in Hartford, Conn. "We also wanted to understand whether people who hoard show an abnormal brain response to decisions about whether to keep things or throw them away," he noted. "These findings further suggest that hoarding should be considered separate from OCD, and that it deserves recognition as a unique psychiatric disorder," Tolin said. "It also shows us that people who ... Read more

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Brain Surgery Might Ease Tough-to-Treat OCD

Posted 17 Apr 2012 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 17 – Most people with obsessive-compulsive disorder manage their symptoms through talk therapy and medication. But for some, severe OCD can take over their lives. A few eventually turn to brain surgery, and a new study shows how they fared. The study included 63 adult patients who underwent "stereotactic anterior cingulotomy" at Massachusetts General Hospital from 1989 to 2010, with long-term data available for 59 of the cases. "Half these patients had a very significant improvement in their symptoms – more than 35 percent improvement in the OCD scale that we use," said Dr. Sameer Sheth, chief resident in the department of neurosurgery at the hospital. "These are patients who are completely refractory (unresponsive) to medical or behavioral therapy and have gone for years, if not decades, completely incapacitated," he added. Patients who responded "are often still ... Read more

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Atypical Antipsychotics Appear to Be Effective For Only Few Off-Label Uses

Posted 28 Sep 2011 by Drugs.com

CHICAGO—A review of previous studies suggests that even though atypical antipsychotic medications are commonly used for off-label conditions such as behavioral symptoms of dementia, anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive disorder, these medications are effective for only a few off-label conditions, and that the benefits and harms of these medications for these uses vary, according to an article in the September 28 issue of JAMA. "Atypical antipsychotic medications are approved for marketing and labeling by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treating schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and depression under drug-specific circumstances. The use of atypical antipsychotic medications is rapidly increasing in the United States, with 1 study estimating an increase from 6.2 million to 14.3 million treatment visits between 1995 and 2008. The estimated use of these drugs for off-label i ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Seroquel, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Abilify, Zyprexa, Risperdal, Geodon, Risperidone, Saphris, Dementia, Seroquel XR, Latuda, Quetiapine, Olanzapine, Invega, Clozapine, Clozaril, Aripiprazole, Fanapt, Ziprasidone

Mixed Results Seen With 'Off-Label' Use of Antipsychotics

Posted 27 Sep 2011 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 27 – Even though off-label use of atypical antipsychotic drugs is common, a new review finds that such use is only effective in a few conditions and can be harmful in others. Also known as "second-generation" antipsychotics, these drugs are approved in the United States for treatment of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and depression. But off-label use – or use not approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration – of these drugs to treat a number of other conditions is growing. Researchers analyzed findings from 393 clinical studies to gauge effectiveness and uncover harmful side effects when Risperdal, Zyprexa, Seroquel, Abilify, Geodon, Saphris, Fanapt and Invega were used outside of FDA-approved indications. Off-label use included treatment for behavioral symptoms in dementia, anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, eating disorders, post-traumatic ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Depression, Bipolar Disorder, Insomnia, Seroquel, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Abilify, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Schizophrenia, Zyprexa, Risperdal, Geodon, Risperidone, Saphris, Dementia, Seroquel XR, Latuda, Quetiapine, Olanzapine, Eating Disorder

Adding Psychotherapy to Meds Helps Kids With OCD

Posted 20 Sep 2011 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 20 – Adding cognitive behavioral therapy to medication seems to help children and teens with obsessive-compulsive disorder, new research shows. The findings, published in the Sept. 21 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, confirm previous research on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). "[If] a child has been taking one of the [medications for OCD] and has a partial response, we can get a much better response when we add on CBT," said Lawrence Newman, a psychologist with Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, who was not involved with the study. Treatment with the class of antidepressants known as serotonin reuptake inhibitors is the mainstay of treatment for OCD, but relief isn't always complete. "There's plenty of evidence suggesting that medication works," said study author Martin E. Franklin, an associate ... Read more

Related support groups: Lexapro, Zoloft, Prozac, Celexa, Paxil, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Citalopram, Sertraline, Fluoxetine, Escitalopram, Paroxetine, Luvox, Paxil CR, Fluvoxamine, Sarafem, Luvox CR, Pexeva, Prozac Weekly, Selfemra, Rapiflux

When Protecting Baby Becomes an Obsession

Posted 8 Sep 2011 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 8 – Many new mothers feel a bit anxious about caring for their infant. But sometimes that concern develops into an obsession over all the things that can go wrong. Experts call that condition postpartum obsessive compulsive disorder. It can drive women to take extreme steps to prevent their fears from coming true, such as endlessly washing the infant to stave off germs to the point where the baby develops sores, or refusing to hold the baby out of fear of dropping him. Although postpartum depression gets far more attention, postpartum OCD can also be harmful to mother and child, said Kiara Timpano, an assistant psychology professor at University of Miami in Florida. "It's a very normal part of parenting to want to try to protect and keep your children safe," Timpano said. "What happens with OCD is that natural vigilance is turned up way too high. Not only do moms with ... Read more

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