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ER Practices Key to Helping Those Addicted to Painkillers: Study

Posted 28 Apr 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 28, 2015 – A comparison of three treatments for narcotic painkiller addiction found that patients given the medication buprenorphine in the emergency department do better than those given only referrals. Addiction to prescription narcotic painkillers such as Oxycontin or Vicodin is "a huge public health problem," study first author Dr. Gail D'Onofrio, chair of emergency medicine at Yale School of Medicine in New Haven, Conn., said in a university news release. Drug overdoses account for more deaths each day in the United States than car crashes, she and her colleagues noted. Although buprenorphine is also a narcotic, at low doses it enables people to discontinue painkiller misuse without experiencing withdrawal symptoms, according to the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. This helps them to engage in treatment. D'Onofrio's team set out to ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Tramadol, Oxycodone, Methadone, Percocet, Hydrocodone, OxyContin, Vicodin, Morphine, Opiate Dependence, Norco, Fentanyl, Lortab, Codeine, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Ultram, Opana ER, Butrans

'Tamper-Proof' Narcotic Painkiller May Be Curbing Abuse: Study

Posted 20 Apr 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 20, 2015 – Narcotic painkillers that have features that make them hard to abuse may be linked to a drop in both the number of prescriptions and overdoses of these drugs, a new study finds. After a tamper-resistant form of OxyContin was introduced in 2010, prescriptions dropped 19 percent and the rate of overdoses dropped 20 percent across the United States. However, the rate of heroin overdose increased by 23 percent during the same period, the researchers added. "This is the first time in the last two decades that narcotic prescribing had dropped, rather than continued to increase," said lead researcher Dr. Marc Larochelle, an instructor at Boston University School of Medicine. And painkiller overdoses also decreased, he added. "Some were skeptical that simply decreasing supply would lead to a decrease in overdoses, but we did find that," Larochelle said. However, since ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Tramadol, Oxycodone, Methadone, Percocet, Hydrocodone, OxyContin, Vicodin, Morphine, Norco, Fentanyl, Lortab, Codeine, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Ultram, Opana ER, Butrans, Nucynta

Could Taking Acetaminophen Dull Your Happiness?

Posted 15 Apr 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 15, 2015 – Acetaminophen, the painkiller best known to Americans as Tylenol, may do more than simply dull pain – it may also dull happy or sad emotions, new research finds. The new, small study is the first to suggest that acetaminophen ratchets down a patient's emotional response to positive, upbeat stimulation. But the study builds on prior research into negative emotions, explained study lead author Geoffrey Durso. "Recent research in psychology has found that acetaminophen blunts the extent to which individuals experience negative events beyond physical pain," said Durso, a doctoral student in social psychology at Ohio State University in Columbus. "Our study was inspired by asking why this might be the case." The new study, published online recently in Psychological Science, involved two experiments, each enlisting about 80 college students. In the first ... Read more

Related support groups: Percocet, Vicodin, Norco, Tylenol, Lortab, Acetaminophen, Fioricet, Paracetamol, Endocet, Excedrin, Darvocet-N 100, NyQuil, Tylenol PM, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Tylenol with Codeine, Ultracet, Percocet 10/325, Roxicet, Tylenol with Codeine 3, DayQuil

Narcotic Painkillers in Pregnancy Common, Harmful to Baby: Study

Posted 13 Apr 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 13, 2015 – Use of prescription narcotic painkillers is common in pregnancy and increases the likelihood a baby will be born small or early, or go through painful drug withdrawal, a new study finds. These prescription painkillers, also called opioids, include drugs such as hydrocodone (Vicodin), oxycodone (Oxycontin), codeine and morphine. Nearly 30 percent of the Tennessee mothers-to-be in the new study used at least one of these drugs while pregnant, and the associated risks went up if they also smoked or took antidepressants. "I was surprised by the number of women prescribed opioid pain relievers in pregnancy," said lead author Dr. Stephen Patrick, a neonatologist and assistant professor of pediatrics at Vanderbilt University in Nashville. "I was also surprised by how commonly women smoked in pregnancy, and how much that increased the risk of neonatal abstinence ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Percocet, Hydrocodone, OxyContin, Vicodin, Morphine, Norco, Lortab, Codeine, Roxicodone, MS Contin, Endocet, Kadian, Cheratussin AC, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Hydromet, Tylenol with Codeine, Vicoprofen, Percocet 10/325, Avinza

One-Quarter of Narcotic Painkillers Misused, Study Shows

Posted 1 Apr 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 1, 2015 – Almost a quarter of powerful narcotic painkillers that are prescribed for chronic pain are misused, and the rate of addiction among patients hovers near 10 percent, a new review shows. The findings raise questions about the benefits of widespread use of these painkillers to treat chronic pain, the researchers said. "On average, misuse was documented in approximately one out of four or five patients, and addiction [was found] in approximately one out of 10 or 11 patients," who were prescribed the drugs as part of their treatment for chronic pain, wrote Kevin Vowles, from the University of New Mexico, and colleagues. In the new review, researchers analyzed 38 published studies, 35 of which were conducted in the United States. The average rates of misuse were 21 percent to 29 percent, while the average rates of addiction were 8 percent to 12 percent, according ... Read more

Related support groups: Pain, Oxycodone, Percocet, Hydrocodone, OxyContin, Vicodin, Chronic Pain, Morphine, Norco, Lortab, Codeine, Roxicodone, MS Contin, Endocet, Kadian, Cheratussin AC, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Hydromet, Tylenol with Codeine, Vicoprofen

Study Casts Doubt on Acetaminophen for Low Back Pain, Arthritis

Posted 1 Apr 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 31, 2015 – Acetaminophen – best known as Tylenol in the United States – does not appear to help ease lower back pain and offers little relief for the most common form of arthritis, according to a new report. The review of data from 13 studies could challenge existing recommendations on pain relief, experts say. "These results support the reconsideration of recommendations to use [acetaminophen] for patients" with these conditions, concluded a team led by Gustavo Machado of The George Institute for Global Health at the University of Sydney in Australia. The researchers analyzed 10 studies that examined the use of acetaminophen to treat osteoarthritis of the hip or knee, and three studies that assessed the use of the painkiller for lower back pain. Osteoarthritis – the most common form of arthritis – and back pain are among the leading causes of disability worldwide, ... Read more

Related support groups: Back Pain, Percocet, Vicodin, Norco, Tylenol, Lortab, Acetaminophen, Fioricet, Paracetamol, Endocet, Excedrin, Darvocet-N 100, NyQuil, Tylenol PM, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Tylenol with Codeine, Ultracet, Percocet 10/325, Roxicet, Tylenol with Codeine 3

Avoid Medication Overdoses in Children

Posted 27 Mar 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, March 27, 2015 – Medications for children – even those you can buy over-the-counter – can be dangerous if a child is given too much, one expert says. That's why pharmacist Sheila Goertemoeller, of the Cincinnati Drug and Poison Information Center, wants parents and other caregivers to know how to safely administer these drugs. Before giving medication to children, parents should carefully read the instructions first and use the appropriate measuring device to prevent accidental overdoses, cautioned Goertemoeller. These precautions are especially important if you're giving medicine to a sick child in the middle of the night, Goertemoeller noted. Dosing errors are made by 41 percent of parents, according to research from the American Academy of Pediatrics. Just taking a few minutes to turn on a light and read the directions will help ensure children get the right amount, ... Read more

Related support groups: Percocet, Vicodin, Norco, Tylenol, Lortab, Acetaminophen, Benadryl, Sta-D, Fioricet, Paracetamol, Diphenhydramine, Endocet, Excedrin, Darvocet-N 100, NyQuil, Tylenol PM, Phenylephrine, Dry Cough, Dextromethorphan, Mucinex DM

Painkiller-Addicted Babies a Growing U.S. Concern, Especially in Fla.

Posted 6 Mar 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, March 6, 2015 – Doctors in the United States are seeing more infants born addicted to narcotic painkillers – a problem highlighted by a new Florida-based report. These infants experience what's called neonatal abstinence syndrome as they undergo withdrawal from the addictive drugs their mothers took during pregnancy. Most often these are narcotic painkillers, such as oxycodone, morphine or hydrocodone, according to the report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Since 1995, the number of such newborns jumped 10-fold in Florida while tripling nationwide, the researchers said. "These infants can experience severe symptoms that usually appear within the first two weeks of life," said lead researcher Jennifer Lind, a CDC epidemiologist. The symptoms can include seizures, fever, excessive crying, tremors, vomiting and diarrhea, she said. And withdrawal can take ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Tramadol, Oxycodone, Methadone, Percocet, Hydrocodone, OxyContin, Vicodin, Morphine, Norco, Fentanyl, Lortab, Codeine, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Ultram, Opana ER, Butrans, Nucynta

Does Long-Term Acetaminophen Use Raise Health Risks?

Posted 3 Mar 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 2, 2015 – Acetaminophen may not be as safe as previously thought, with larger doses and long-term use linked to increased risk of health problems, a new report contends. Best known in the United States under the brand name Tylenol, acetaminophen is the most widely used painkiller in the world, the study authors said in background notes. It is the World Health Organization's front-line treatment for pain, and is considered safer than nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin and ibuprofen, the researchers said. But a small group of studies has raised questions about acetaminophen's safety if used for a long time and at high doses to treat chronic pain, said lead author Dr. Philip Conaghan, a professor with the Leeds Institute of Rheumatic and Musculoskeletal Medicine in England. Heavy use of acetaminophen is associated with kidney disease and bleeding ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Percocet, Vicodin, Bleeding Disorder, Norco, Hypertension, Tylenol, Lortab, Acetaminophen, Ischemic Stroke, Fioricet, Paracetamol, Endocet, Excedrin, Darvocet-N 100, NyQuil, Tylenol PM, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Chronic Kidney Disease, Tylenol with Codeine

Big Increase Seen in Babies Born Addicted to Narcotics

Posted 11 Feb 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 11, 2015 – There was a 15-fold increase in the number of newborns experiencing opioid withdrawal in the Canadian province of Ontario between 1992 and 2011, researchers report. Opioids, such as OxyContin, are powerful narcotic painkillers that carry a high risk of abuse and addiction, the study authors noted. The incidence of opioid withdrawal among Ontario newborns rose from 0.28 per 1,000 live births to a little more than 4 per 1,000 over the study period, according to the findings published Feb. 11 in the CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). Most of the babies were born to mothers who had been legally prescribed a narcotic painkiller before and during pregnancy, study author Dr. Suzanne Turner, a family physician at St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto, said in a journal news release. As their due date approached, many of those women switched from prescription ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Tramadol, Oxycodone, Methadone, Percocet, Hydrocodone, OxyContin, Vicodin, Morphine, Opiate Dependence, Norco, Fentanyl, Lortab, Opiate Withdrawal, Codeine, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Ultram, Opana ER

Many Women of Childbearing Age Take Narcotic Painkillers: CDC

Posted 22 Jan 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 22, 2015 – Too many women of childbearing age take narcotic painkillers, putting any unborn babies at risk, U.S. health officials said Thursday. Thirty-nine percent of females aged 15 to 44 who were enrolled in Medicaid filled a prescription for a narcotic painkiller each year from 2008 to 2012, says a new report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Among privately insured women, that rate was 28 percent. "We are concerned because we know that 50 percent of all pregnancies in the U.S. are unplanned," said CDC epidemiologist Jennifer Lind. Using narcotic painkillers in early pregnancy can increase the risk for certain birth defects, including spina bifida (a defect of the spine), gastroschisis (a defect of the abdominal wall) and heart defects, Lind said. These drugs also have been linked with preterm birth, she said. In addition, infants ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Tramadol, Oxycodone, Methadone, Percocet, Hydrocodone, OxyContin, Vicodin, Morphine, Norco, Fentanyl, Lortab, Codeine, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Ultram, Opana ER, Butrans, Nucynta

U.S. Painkiller Abuse 'Epidemic' May Be Declining, Study Says

Posted 14 Jan 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 14, 2015 – The U.S. "epidemic" of prescription-painkiller abuse may be starting to reverse course, a new study suggests. Experts said the findings, published Jan. 15 in the New England Journal of Medicine, are welcome news. The decline suggests that recent laws and prescribing guidelines aimed at preventing painkiller abuse are working to some degree. But researchers also found a disturbing trend: Heroin abuse and overdoses are on the rise, and that may be one reason prescription-drug abuse is down. "Some people are switching from painkillers to heroin," said Dr. Adam Bisaga, an addiction psychiatrist at the New York State Psychiatric Institute in New York City. While the dip in painkiller abuse is good news, more "global efforts" – including better access to addiction treatment – are needed, said Bisaga, who was not involved in the study. "You can't get rid of ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Tramadol, Oxycodone, Methadone, Percocet, Hydrocodone, OxyContin, Vicodin, Morphine, Opiate Dependence, Norco, Fentanyl, Lortab, Codeine, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Ultram, Opana ER, Butrans

U.S. Doctors Cutting Back on Painkiller Prescriptions: Study

Posted 8 Dec 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 8, 2014 – Nine out of 10 primary care doctors in the United States are concerned about prescription drug abuse in their communities, a new study finds. And, nearly half of the physicians surveyed said they were less likely to prescribe powerful painkillers than they were just a year ago. Researchers surveyed 580 internists, family doctors and general practitioners across the country. They found that 85 percent of doctors believe that narcotic painkillers (opioids such as Oxycontin) are overused in clinical practice. Around half of those surveyed said they were "very concerned" about risks such as addiction, death and traffic crashes associated with narcotic painkiller overuse. Almost two-thirds of the doctors believe that tolerance to the drugs occurs often. Just over half believe that physical dependence is a common problem. And, the doctors said these issues can happen ... Read more

Related support groups: Pain, Suboxone, Tramadol, Oxycodone, Methadone, Percocet, Hydrocodone, OxyContin, Vicodin, Morphine, Norco, Fentanyl, Lortab, Codeine, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Ultram, Opana ER, Butrans

Fatal ODs From Narcotic Painkillers Have Tripled in U.S.

Posted 2 Dec 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 2, 2014 – The epidemic of prescription painkiller abuse continues to take a deadly toll in the United States, with fatal overdoses involving drugs such as Oxycontin and Vicodin tripling over a decade, a new report shows. Deaths from another form of opiate, heroin, also nearly tripled between 1999 and 2012, according to the report released Tuesday by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. There was one glimmer of hope, however: In the last year of the study, 2011-2012, the CDC noted a 5 percent drop in prescription painkiller deaths, the first such decline ever. The numbers echo similar findings released by the CDC in September. That report covered the years 1999 to 2011, and found steady year-by-year increases in overdose deaths linked to narcotic painkillers. However, there was one sign of hope in that study, too. "Although the rate [of fatal overdoses] is ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Tramadol, Oxycodone, Methadone, Percocet, Hydrocodone, OxyContin, Vicodin, Morphine, Norco, Fentanyl, Lortab, Codeine, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Ultram, Opana ER, Butrans, Nucynta

No Link Between Acetaminophen in Pregnancy, Asthma in Kids: Study

Posted 26 Nov 2014 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 26, 2014 – Taking acetaminophen, best known as Tylenol, during pregnancy or giving it to young children does not raise the risk of childhood asthma, a new study finds. Concerns have been raised that the use of acetaminophen during pregnancy and/or early in a child's life may be associated with the development of asthma. But the study authors say that respiratory infections during infancy probably play a much more significant role in the later development of asthma, and there's no need to change current recommendations about the use of acetaminophen. The study was led by Dr. Adrian Lowe at the University of Australia, in Melbourne. His team analyzed data from 11 studies conducted on the potential link between the use of acetaminophen by pregnant women and during the first two years of a child's life – a critical time in the development of young lungs. While the studies ... Read more

Related support groups: Percocet, Vicodin, Norco, Tylenol, Lortab, Asthma, Acetaminophen, Fioricet, Paracetamol, Endocet, Excedrin, Darvocet-N 100, NyQuil, Tylenol PM, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Tylenol with Codeine, Ultracet, Percocet 10/325, Roxicet, Tylenol with Codeine 3

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