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Knee Joint Replacement News

Related terms: Total Knee Replacement, Knee Replacement

Knee Replacement May Ease Pain for Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

Posted 14 hours ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 30, 2015 – Knee replacement surgery can temporarily return the joint to an earlier, better level of function in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, new research suggests. The surgery "acts like a time machine" for these patients, said study senior author Kaleb Michaud, an associate professor of internal medicine in the division of rheumatology at the University of Nebraska Medical Center, in Omaha. "It's a very important treatment option, and our study is really about showing how their lives improved afterwards," Michaud said. Most studies of knee replacement surgery focus on patients with osteoarthritis, the "wear-and-tear" form of arthritis. This kind of arthritis involves the breakdown of cartilage, the cushiony material at the ends of bones. On the other hand, patients who have the autoimmune disease rheumatoid arthritis experience painful inflammation and swelling ... Read more

Related support groups: Rheumatoid Arthritis, Knee Joint Replacement

Using Same Hospital for Complications After Surgery Lowers Death Risk: Study

Posted 18 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 18, 2015 – Surgery patients who suffer complications after discharge from a hospital are more likely to die if they're readmitted to a different hospital than where they had their original operation, a new study finds. University of Utah researchers reviewed information on millions of Medicare patients who underwent one of 12 major surgical procedures between 2001 and 2011. They found that up to one-fifth of the patients were readmitted to a hospital within 30 days due to complications. Up to 83 percent of patients with complications were readmitted to the same hospital where they had their initial surgery. Overall, readmission to the same hospital was associated with a 26 percent lower risk of death within 90 days, the study revealed. For specific types of surgeries, the risk of death associated with readmission to the same hospital ranged from 44 percent lower for ... Read more

Related support groups: Surgery, Knee Joint Replacement, Hip Replacement, Gastric Bypass Surgery, Orthopedic Surgery, Head & Neck Surgery, Appendectomy, Neurosurgery, Spleen Removal, Ophthalmic Surgery, Vascular Surgery, Gastrointestinal Surgery, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Genitourinary Surgical and Other Conditions

Study Questions Value of Arthroscopic Knee Surgery for Older Patients

Posted 17 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 17, 2015 – Arthroscopic surgery to relieve chronic knee pain in middle-aged and older patients is only temporarily effective and might be harmful, a new analysis suggests. Researchers who reviewed 18 studies recommended against the procedure as a treatment for arthritis pain or a torn meniscus – the shock-absorbing cartilage between the knee bones – in older adults. "We found you improve regardless of if you have surgery or nonsurgical treatment," said one of the researchers, Ewa Roos, a professor in the department of sports science and clinical biomechanics at the University of Southern Denmark. Dr. David Teuscher, president of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, agrees that for this type of knee pain, arthroscopic surgery has no benefit. In fact, doctors in the U.S. no longer use this procedure to relieve knee pain, he said. "We did the research on this ... Read more

Related support groups: Surgery, Knee Joint Replacement, Orthopedic Surgery, Surgical Prophylaxis

Young Athletes With ACL Injuries Often Need Repeat Surgery: Study

Posted 22 May 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 22, 2015 – Many young athletes who undergo surgery for a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) need a second operation later on, a new study shows. Torn ACLs are widespread among people younger than 21, said researchers at the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City. "This is the first study to evaluate, on a population level, the percentage of patients under age 21 who had subsequent ACL or non-ACL knee surgery following a primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction," lead investigator Dr. Emily Dodwell, a pediatric orthopedic surgeon, said in a hospital news release. Using a New York state database, her team identified 23,912 cases of ACL reconstruction in patients younger than 21. Of these patients, 8 percent needed a second surgery on this ligament, and 14 percent needed another knee surgery that didn't involve their ACL. The median time between surgeries ... Read more

Related support groups: Surgery, Knee Joint Replacement, Orthopedic Surgery, Surgical Prophylaxis

Health Tip: Exercising With Knee Problems

Posted 14 Apr 2015 by Drugs.com

-- Exercise may be just what the doctor ordered if you have knee pain. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons suggests: Start out exercising slowly, and over time build up the duration and intensity of your workout. While some discomfort is OK, pain is not. You should stop if you feel pain in your knee. A little stiffness or soreness is OK, but significant pain the day after exercising probably means you've overdone it. Talk to your doctor or physical therapist if you have questions about exercising with knee pain. Read more

Related support groups: Pain, Knee Joint Replacement

In-Patient Rehab Not Always Needed After New Knee

Posted 26 Mar 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 26, 2015 – Patients who choose at-home physical therapy instead of in-patient rehabilitation after knee replacement surgery do just as well when it comes to complications, long-term pain management and movement recovery, new research indicates. "Based on these findings, we are encouraging more patients to consider going home so they can receive their aftercare in a home environment instead of at an in-patient rehab facility," said study lead author Dr. Douglas Padgett, chief of the Adult Reconstruction and Joint Replacement Service at the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City. "Many patients may also feel more comfortable in a familiar home setting during their recovery," he added. Padgett explained that the study was sparked by a growing tendency to send knee surgery patients directly home from the hospital, rather than to a rehab center. "With our study, we ... Read more

Related support groups: Knee Joint Replacement

Better Pain Relief After Knee Replacement Surgery?

Posted 5 Jan 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 30, 2014 – Postoperative pain is always a concern after knee replacement surgery, but a new study suggests a strategy that might give patients another way to ease discomfort. Researchers at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit note that the painful recovery process following knee replacement surgery is a persistent problem. However, the research team found that injecting a newer, long-acting numbing medicine, known as liposomal bupivacaine, into the area surrounding the knee helps patients recover more quickly and boosts their satisfaction with the procedure. "Patients had pain relief for up to two days after surgery and better knee function compared with the traditional method," said the study's senior author, Dr. Jason Davis, a joint replacement surgeon at Henry Ford West Bloomfield Hospital, in a hospital news release. The study involved more than 200 patients who underwent ... Read more

Related support groups: Knee Joint Replacement, Postoperative Pain

Medical Implant Devices Skate Through Review Process, Studies Claim

Posted 30 Sep 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 29, 2014 – Every day, people receive medical implants – artificial valves, hip replacements, surgical mesh and the like – that may not have been rigorously tested before or after their approval by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, two new studies contend. The studies – conducted by prominent nonprofit groups and published online Sept. 29 in JAMA Internal Medicine – lay the blame for inadequate medical device testing on lax oversight by the FDA. Manufacturers didn't submit any scientific evidence on the safety or effectiveness of 42 out of a sample of 50 new implants in their applications to the FDA, according to a review conducted by the nonprofit National Center for Health Research. The FDA cleared the implants for use in humans. "If you are a doctor who wants to know what the scientific evidence is that this device is safe and effective, there is no publicly ... Read more

Related support groups: Knee Joint Replacement, Hip Replacement, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Mechanical Valves

Health Tip: Recovering After Knee Replacement

Posted 25 Jul 2014 by Drugs.com

-- Recovering from knee replacement surgery takes time, and it's important to prepare your home before the operation. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons offers this advice: Make sure furniture spacing allows for easy movement via crutches, a cane or walker. Remove rugs that you may trip on, and fasten any loose cords or wires. Make sure you have a firm, high chair with a foot rest. Equip your bathroom with a hand rail, raised toilet seat and shower chair. Obtain helpful items such as a reacher, shoehorn and long-handled sponge, so you don't have to bend over often. Read more

Related support groups: Knee Joint Replacement

Knee Replacement Surgeries Rising With Obesity Rates

Posted 8 Jun 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 6, 2014 – The number of total knee replacement surgeries in the United States are on the rise, a new study shows. What's more, the demand for this surgery seems to parallel the rise in overweight and obesity in America. In fact, the study showed weight problems account for 95 percent of the increased demand for knee replacement. Not surprisingly, this has also resulted in a greater need for the procedure among younger folks. "We observed that growth of knee replacement volumes was far outpacing that of hip replacements and were curious as to the origins of this trend," study author Dr. Peter Derman, an orthopedic surgery resident at the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York said in a news release from the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons. "If rates of overweight and obesity continue to climb, we should expect further acceleration in the number of knee ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Knee Joint Replacement

Weight-Loss Surgery Might Help Mild Knee Pain

Posted 18 Mar 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 18, 2014 – Weight-loss surgery reduces knee pain in obese people, and the results are similar to those seen in patients who have a knee replacement, according to a small new study. The study included 20 obese patients who had weight-loss surgery and 40 patients who had total knee replacement due to arthritis. One year after their procedure, the patients who had weight-loss surgery reported significant improvements in knee pain. Their results were comparable to the patients who had a knee replacement, according to the study, which was presented Friday at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, in New Orleans. Compared to the knee-replacement patients, the weight-loss patients showed much greater improvement in knee function six months after surgery, according to an academy news release. After one year, however, the difference was much smaller. ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Knee Joint Replacement

Weight Loss May Boost Success of Joint-Replacement Surgery

Posted 18 Mar 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 18, 2014 – Losing or gaining weight after joint-replacement surgery affects the ultimate success of the operation, according to a new study. Patients who lost weight after knee-replacement surgery had much better results in terms of pain, function and activity levels than those who maintained or gained weight, the researchers found. But in both knee- and hip-replacement patients, weight gain was associated with poorer outcomes, according to the study, which was presented at this month's annual meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons in New Orleans. "Based on our findings, as physicians, we should convey to our patients the importance of maintaining good health and an appropriate weight, and we should help them in any way we can to achieve this goal," said Dr. Geoffrey Westrich, senior investigator and director of research in adult reconstruction and joint ... Read more

Related support groups: Knee Joint Replacement, Hip Replacement

Pain Can Plague Women After Knee Replacement Surgery

Posted 13 Mar 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 13, 2014 – Women with certain kinds of arthritis are among groups of patients who are most vulnerable to serious pain after undergoing knee replacement surgery, a new study finds. General anesthesia and longer time in a tourniquet also appear to contribute to higher levels of pain, the study authors said. "There is no question that pain after total knee replacement is greater than that after total hip replacement," Dr. Thomas Sculco, surgeon-in-chief at New York City's Hospital for Special Surgery, said in a hospital news release. "Many factors play a role, and our studies found that younger female patients, particularly those with post-traumatic or rheumatoid arthritis, had the highest pain scores." Sculco and his colleagues examined the medical records of 273 patients who underwent total knee replacement procedures from 2007 to 2010. Those who suffered the most pain ... Read more

Related support groups: Pain, Knee Joint Replacement

New Knees, Hips May Also Help the Heart

Posted 11 Mar 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 11, 2014 – A knee or hip joint replacement may provide a surprising benefit: better heart health. In a study of 2,200 people older than 55 with arthritis, researchers found that the odds of a serious heart problem or death were 37 percent lower in people who had a knee or hip replacement compared to those who didn't have such surgery. "Arthritis is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular death. It is possible that arthroplasty can reduce these risks," said lead study author Dr. Bheeshma Ravi, a physician in the division of orthopedic surgery at the University of Toronto. Total joint arthroplasty is the medical name of the surgery to replace a hip or knee joint. Patients in the study had osteoarthritis, the type of arthritis associated with normal wear and tear on the joints. While the study found a link between having joint ... Read more

Related support groups: Knee Joint Replacement, Hip Replacement

Will You Need Knee Replacement? Maybe Your Hand Can Tell You

Posted 7 Mar 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, March 7, 2014 – The closer in length your ring and index fingers are, the greater your risk of developing severe knee osteoarthritis that requires total knee replacement, a new study claims. Researchers examined the hands of more than 14,500 middle-aged and older people in Australia, and followed them for an average of more than 10 years. During that time, 580 people had total knee replacements and about 500 had total hip replacements. Having ring and index fingers that were closer in length was associated with a higher risk of requiring total knee replacement due to osteoarthritis, according to the study, which was published online March 4 in the journal Rheumatology. The association was stronger with fingers on the right hand. Osteoarthritis, which is related to normal wear and tear of joints, is the most common type of arthritis. The study did not find any evidence of a link ... Read more

Related support groups: Osteoarthritis, Knee Joint Replacement

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