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Related terms: Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA), Stroke, CVA, Cerebrovascular Accident, Stroke, ischemic

New Guidelines Recommend Inpatient Rehab After Stroke

Posted 9 hours ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 4, 2016 – If possible, people who've had a stroke should be sent directly to inpatient rehabilitation after their hospital discharge. This would be instead of a skilled nursing facility or nursing home, according to new guidelines by the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA). Inpatient rehabilitation may be part of the hospital. Or, it may be a freestanding facility. Ideally, stroke patients should begin their rehabilitation before they even leave the hospital. For example, they should start to learn how to prevent falls while still in the hospital, the groups recommend. This includes tips on how to make their home safer such as by removing throw rugs and improving lighting. Patients should also learn about the side effects of their medication and how to use devices such as wheelchairs, walkers and canes before they leave the hospital, the ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage

Lonely, Isolated People May Be Prone to Heart Disease, Stroke

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 19, 2016 – Lonely and isolated people may face a higher risk of heart disease and stroke, researchers report. Social isolation raised that risk by about 30 percent, exerting the same level of influence on heart health as risk factors such as anxiety and job stress, the British review found. "Addressing loneliness and social isolation could have an important role in the prevention of two of the leading causes of ill health and mortality worldwide," said lead researcher Nicole Valtorta, a research fellow in the department of health sciences at the University of York. "We take risk factors like obesity and physical inactivity for granted, whereas we do not yet with social isolation and loneliness," she said. "The data from our study support us taking it seriously." But this analysis could not prove that loneliness and social isolation caused heart problems or strokes, only ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage

Fruit Every Day Might Help Your Heart, Researchers Say

Posted 6 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 6, 2016 – Eating fresh fruit regularly may help prevent heart attacks and strokes, a large study out of China suggests. Adults who ate fresh fruit, such as apples and oranges, every day had about a one-third reduced risk of dying from a heart attack or stroke, compared to those who rarely or never ate fruit, researchers found. "Fruit consumption is important for your cardiovascular health," said lead researcher Dr. Liming Li, vice president of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, in Beijing. Study participants who ate fruit most often had lower blood pressure and blood sugar than less frequent fruit eaters, which may account for the reduced risk for heart attacks and strokes, Li said. Due to the nature of the study, however, it could not prove that fruit consumption caused the lower risk of heart attack and stroke, just that there was an association, Li said. For ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Transient Ischemic Attack, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation and Deficiency, Myocardial Infarction, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Post MI Syndrome

Harmful Artery-Stiffening Seen in Healthy 40-Year-Olds

Posted 5 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 5, 2016 – Even healthy, young adults may have hardening of the arteries that can harm their brain health, a new study suggests. Brain changes that can lead to mental decline and Alzheimer's disease later in life have been found in people in their 40s, the researchers reported. The new study shows "that increasing arterial stiffness is detrimental to the brain, and that increasing stiffness and brain injury begin in early middle life, before we commonly think of prevalent diseases such as atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease or stroke having an impact," said study author Pauline Maillard. She is a researcher in the department of neurology and Center for Neuroscience at the University of California, Davis. "These results may be a new avenue of treatment to sustain brain health," she added in a university news release. The study included about 1,900 participants in the ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Heart Disease, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Angina, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Acute Coronary Syndrome, Atherosclerosis, Ischemic Heart Disease, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Right Brain Scan Could Aid in Stroke Recovery: Study

Posted 31 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 31, 2016 – Examining the right side of the brain might help predict speech and language recovery in people who suffer a stroke on the left side of the brain, researchers say. The left side of the brain is dominant in language and speech. And, stroke damage on that side often results in difficulty speaking, naming, repeating and understanding language – a condition called aphasia, explained the authors of the study, published March 30 in the journal Neurology. "Aphasia is a common and devastating symptom for people who have strokes on the left side of the brain," said study author Dr. Gottfried Schlaug of Harvard Medical School, in Boston. "Although many people recover to some degree, many people never make a full recovery, even after intense speech therapy," he said in a journal news release. Schlaug and his colleagues used MRI brain scans and speech-fluency tests to ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Diagnosis and Investigation, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Vascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Head Imaging

Do-It-Yourself Blood Pressure Checks May Help Spot Heart, Stroke Risk

Posted 29 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 28, 2016 – Keeping track of your blood pressure at home may provide a better indicator of your risk for heart disease and stroke than waiting to have it taken by your doctor, Japanese researchers report. The study found the risk for heart disease and stroke was greater for patients whose morning systolic blood pressure – the top number – measured at home was 145 mm Hg compared with reading of less than 125 mm Hg. "In clinical practice, morning home blood pressure may predict heart disease and stroke better than office blood pressure, and be more effective in managing high blood pressure," said lead researcher, Dr. Kazuomi Kario. He's a professor and chairman of the division of cardiovascular medicine at Jichi Medical University School of Medicine in Tochigi, Japan. "Few reports have investigated the predictive ability of home blood pressure for heart disease and ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Hypertensive Emergency, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Skipping Meds Greatly Ups Heart Patients' Risk of Stroke: Study

Posted 28 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 28, 2016 – People at risk for heart disease are much more likely to die from a stroke if they don't take cholesterol-lowering statin drugs and blood pressure medications as prescribed, a new study reports. Folks with high blood pressure and high cholesterol had a seven times greater risk of suffering a fatal stroke if they didn't follow their drug regimen to lower cholesterol and blood pressure. The study findings were published online March 28 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. Fatal stroke risk also increased if these patients stuck to one type of medication but not both, the researchers found. For example, if patients kept taking blood pressure medication but dropped their statins, their risk of dying from a stroke increased by 82 percent. Turning the tables, they had a 30 percent added risk of stroke if they took their statins but didn't take their ... Read more

Related support groups: Aspirin, Metoprolol, Atenolol, Ischemic Stroke, High Cholesterol, Heart Attack, Lipitor, Simvastatin, Propranolol, Crestor, Bystolic, Atorvastatin, Carvedilol, Pravastatin, Bisoprolol, Excedrin, Coreg, Inderal, Zocor, Transient Ischemic Attack

Many With Irregular Heartbeat Missing Out on Stroke-Preventing Treatments

Posted 16 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 16, 2016 – Doctors know that a heart rhythm disorder called atrial fibrillation increases the odds for stroke. But less than half of "a-fib" patients at highest risk for stroke are prescribed recommended blood thinners by their cardiologists, new research finds. "The findings of our study are surprising given that these patients with atrial fibrillation were treated by a cardiovascular specialist, who should be aware of guideline recommendations" for anticoagulants, such as warfarin, said study lead author Dr. Jonathan Hsu. He is a cardiologist and assistant professor of medicine at the University of California, San Diego. Hsu's team tracked more than 400,000 atrial fibrillation patients in the United States for four years. The investigators found that most were prescribed blood-thinning drugs up to a point. But more than 50 percent of the very highest-risk patients ... Read more

Related support groups: Warfarin, Coumadin, Atrial Fibrillation, Ischemic Stroke, Xarelto, Pradaxa, Transient Ischemic Attack, Eliquis, Prevention of Thromboembolism in Atrial Fibrillation, Rivaroxaban, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Apixaban, Jantoven, Dabigatran, Reversal of Dabigatran

Stress of Caring for Sick Spouse May Raise Stroke Risk

Posted 7 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, March 4, 2016 – Husbands and wives who feel the strain of caring for a sick or disabled spouse are at a higher risk of stroke than those who do not have to care for their significant other, a new study suggests. Spouse caregivers who said they were stressed had a 95 percent higher stroke risk when compared to "matched" non-caregivers with similar demographic, lifestyle and stroke risk factors, according to the study. Lead author Sindhu Lakkur, a postdoctoral fellow in the department of biostatistics at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, first witnessed the burden of caring for a severely ill spouse while following physicians at the stroke unit in the university's hospital. "Stroke is one of the leading causes of adult disability, so overnight someone can go from perfectly fine to having severe impairments in physical and cognitive [mental] function, and this can put a ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage

Violence May Raise a Woman's Risk for Stroke

Posted 4 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 4, 2016 – Being a victim of violence may increase a woman's risk of blood vessel disease and possibly stroke, a new study suggests. "Both society and the health care sector need to be aware of the importance of exposure to violence and its impact, not only on social well-being, but also on women's long-term health," said study author Dr. Mario Flores. He is a research assistant at the National Institute of Public Health in Mexico City. The study included 634 healthy women, average age 49, in Mexico who were asked if they had seen or experienced different types of violence or neglect as children or adults. They also underwent medical imaging tests to measure the thickness of the main blood vessels in the neck that carry blood to the brain. Those who had suffered physical violence as adults were 1.5 times more likely to have narrowing of the neck blood vessels than those ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Agitation, Transient Ischemic Attack, Agitated State, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, ICU Agitation, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage

Daylight Saving Time Tied to Brief Spike in Stroke Risk

Posted 1 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 – Changing the clocks for daylight saving time may cause a short-lived spike in some people's risk of suffering a stroke, a preliminary study hints. Looking at a decade's worth of stroke data, Finnish researchers found that the national incidence of stroke tended to rise slightly over the two days following daylight saving time transitions – whether the clocks were turned forward or back. The findings do not prove that daylight saving time is to blame. On the other hand, it's hard to imagine other factors that would explain such a specific pattern, said researcher Dr. Jori Ruuskanen, a neurologist at Turku University Hospital. Plus, he said, there is a known link between disruptions in the body's circadian rhythms and stroke risk. Circadian rhythms refer to the shifts in the body's biological processes that happen over 24 hours – largely in response to light and ... Read more

Related support groups: Sleep Disorders, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage

Sufficient Sleep, Exercise Linked to Lower Stroke Risk

Posted 19 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 18, 2016 – People who regularly exercise and get a full night's sleep may have a relatively lower risk of suffering a stroke, a large study suggests. Researchers found that among almost 300,000 U.S. adults, those who routinely slept seven to eight hours a night were 25 percent less likely to have a stroke, compared to people who got either less or more sleep. The highest stroke risk was seen among "long sleepers," who spent at least eight hours in bed each night. But short sleepers – those who slept less than seven hours each night – also showed an elevated risk. However, the findings don't prove that sufficient sleep can actually prevent strokes, only that there's a link between getting the right amount of sleep and stroke risk. Still, the researchers said the findings do highlight the potential importance of sleep in stroke risk – something that has not gotten much ... Read more

Related support groups: Sleep Disorders, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Jet Lag

Surgery, Stents Equally Effective for Opening Neck Arteries: Study

Posted 19 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 18, 2016 – Surgery to open narrowed neck arteries and stenting to keep the arteries open are equally safe and effective at reducing stroke risk, a new study reveals. About 5 percent to 10 percent of all strokes in the United States are caused by narrowing of the so-called carotid arteries – the major arteries in the neck, explained lead investigator Dr. Thomas Brott. He is a neurologist and professor of neurosciences at the Mayo Clinic in Florida. "Since there are about 800,000 strokes a year, we're talking about 40,000 to 50,000 strokes a year. If we can find the best way to prevent those strokes, then we will have provided a service to those patients," Brott said in a clinic news release. Plaque buildup in the neck arteries can reduce blood flow and cause clotting, increasing the risk of stroke. Surgery removes the narrowed segment of the artery. Stenting involves ... Read more

Related support groups: Surgery, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Head & Neck Surgery, Vascular Surgery

Could a Clot-Busting Drug Help Treat a 'Bleeding' Stroke?

Posted 18 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 18, 2016 – In what one expert called a "counterintuitive" finding, research suggests that the powerful clot-busting drug known as tPA might help patients suffering a hemorrhagic ("bleeding") stroke. According to the American Stroke Association, only about 15 percent of strokes are caused by runaway bleeding in the brain; the other 85 percent are caused by a clot. And while it makes sense to use the clot-busting tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) to break up a brain clot, it would seem counterproductive to use the same drug in the case of a bleeding stroke. However, two new studies to be presented Thursday at the stroke association's annual meeting in Los Angeles suggest that tPA may, indeed, have a role to play in the treatment of a bleeding stroke. Both studies were funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. One study involved 500 ... Read more

Related support groups: Blood Disorders, Bleeding Disorder, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Blood Transfusion, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Diagnosis and Investigation, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Streptokinase, Urokinase, Kabikinase, Streptase, Abbokinase Open-Cath, Kinlytic, Abbokinase

Stroke's Aftermath Often Worse for Women, Minorities: Study

Posted 18 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 18, 2016 – Anyone can be laid low by stroke, but a new study finds that the road back to health may be tougher for female and minority patients. Research led by Dr. Cheryl Bushnell, professor of neurology at Wake Forest School of Medicine in Winston-Salem, N.C., found that male and white stroke survivors tended to fare best in terms of their physical function a few months after their stroke. The findings didn't surprise one expert in stroke care. "This study drives home the point that outcomes are worse in women and minorities," said Dr. Richard Libman, vice chair of neurology at Long Island Jewish Medical Center in New Hyde Park, N.Y. "It is incumbent upon all of us involved in stroke research and treatment to clarify the reasons for worse outcome," he added, "and to focus our efforts on improving outcomes in these groups as well as everyone who has had a stroke." The ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage

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