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Related terms: Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA), Stroke, CVA, Cerebrovascular Accident, Stroke, ischemic

Spelling Prowess Relies on Multiple Brain Areas, Study Finds

Posted 9 hours ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 – The brain relies on several areas on the left side (hemisphere) of the brain to spell words, a new study says. Researchers from Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore pinpointed these regions by studying the brains of 33 stroke patients who lost the ability to spell. Their spelling struggles were due to damage in seemingly unrelated parts of the brain. "When something goes wrong with spelling, it's not one thing that always happens – different things can happen and they come from different breakdowns in the brain's machinery," said study lead author Brenda Rapp, professor and chair of the Department of Cognitive Science. "Depending on what part breaks, you'll have different symptoms," she explained in a university news release. These findings provide new insight into the mechanics of language and memory, the researchers said. Some of the patients in the study had ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Imaging

NFL Linemen Keep Growing, Putting Their Health at Risk, Experts Say

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 5, 2016 – As the Denver Broncos and Carolina Panthers gear up for Sunday's Super Bowl 50 showdown, many may be focused on the potential dangers of concussion, but that's not the only health risk football players face. Concern about the size of players – especially linemen – has been growing along with the players' waistlines. And some researchers are now suggesting that these athletes should be monitored for health problems. Physicians who work with overweight National Football League and college-level football players "should be aware of the potential for elevated blood pressure, diabetes and abnormal cholesterol levels," said Jeffrey Potteiger, co-author of a commentary reviewing the possible risks facing these young men. And the risk is especially high in athletes who pack plenty of fat around the abdomen, he added. Potteiger, a physical education specialist and dean ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Type 2, Obesity, Hypertension, Weight Loss, Ischemic Stroke, Insulin Resistance, Transient Ischemic Attack, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Clot-Busters Might Be Useful for 'Previously Dependent' Stroke Patients

Posted 17 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Jan. 22, 2016 – Intravenous clot-busting treatment might benefit stroke patients who needed help with daily living before their stroke, a new study suggests. Stroke patients who already required daily living assistance are often left out of clinical trials of clot-busting treatment, the researchers said. With little information to go on, doctors might not treat these patients with powerful clot-busting drugs when they suffer a stroke, the study authors explained in background notes. "These findings prove that randomized-controlled [clot-busting] trials should be considered for such patients," said study lead author Dr. Henrik Gensicke, a neurologist at University Hospital Basel in Switzerland. This new study included more than 7,400 people in Europe who suffered an ischemic stroke (blocked blood flow to the brain) and were treated with clot-busting drugs. Nearly 7 percent of ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Activase, Alteplase, Cathflo Activase

Check Your Risk for Diabetes, CDC Urges

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 21, 2016 – No one is excused from diabetes. That's the message behind a new public education campaign targeting the 86 million American adults with what's known as prediabetes. More than one in three adults in the United States has prediabetes, a serious health condition that can lead to type 2 diabetes, heart attack and stroke, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. If you have prediabetes, you have higher than normal blood sugar levels, but not high enough to be diagnosed with full-blown diabetes. "Awareness is crucial in the effort to stop type 2 diabetes," David Marrero, director of the Diabetes Translation Research Center at Indiana University School of Medicine, said in a CDC news release. To learn your risk, you can take a short online test at DoIHavePrediabetes.org. The test can also be taken through texts and interactive TV and radio ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Obesity, Weight Loss, Ischemic Stroke, Insulin Resistance, Transient Ischemic Attack, Pre-Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Americans 100 and Older Are Living Even Longer Now

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 21, 2016 – The more than 72,000 Americans who have celebrated 100 birthdays or more are now surviving longer, a new federal report shows. Although death rates for centenarians were on the rise between 2000 and 2008, that has since changed, the study found. According to researchers at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, death rates for the oldest Americans charted a steady decline between 2008 and 2014. This trend held for both genders and across races and ethnicities, the data showed. The leading causes of death for people living to be 100 have also shifted somewhat over the last decade. According to the CDC analysis, heart disease, stroke, flu/pneumonia, cancer and Alzheimer's disease were the top five leading causes of death for the oldest old in 2000. However, by 2014, "heart disease was still the leading cause of death, but Alzheimer's disease became ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Heart Disease, Influenza, Ischemic Stroke, Pneumonia, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Heart Disease, Intracranial Hemorrhage

Race Not Tied to Threat of Second Stroke, Study Finds

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 20, 2016 – Younger black people are three times more likely to have a stroke than their white peers, but they may not be at greater risk for a second stroke, new research suggests. "The interaction between black race and age appears to be remarkably different for the risk of first versus second stroke," said study author George Howard, of the University of Alabama at Birmingham. "There was very little difference in race for the risk of a second stroke," he said in a news release from the American Academy of Neurology. The seven-year study involved almost 30,000 people, including close to 3,000 with a history of stroke. Over the course of the study, about 300 of the people who had a previous stroke suffered another one. Meanwhile, just over 800 of the remaining people had their first stroke during the study period. By the age of 45, the black study participants with no ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Smoking, Heart Disease, Atrial Fibrillation, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Arrhythmia, Transient Ischemic Attack, Pre-Diabetes, Myocardial Infarction, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Diabetes Mellitus, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Abnormal Electrocardiogram, Post MI Syndrome, Hypertensive Heart Disease

For Seniors, Poor Sleep May Mean Higher Stroke Risk, Study Suggests

Posted 15 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 14, 2016 – Poor sleep may raise seniors' risk of hardening of the brain arteries, and possibly contribute to the chances of a stroke, a new study suggests. Researchers examined the autopsied brains of 315 people, average age 90, who had undergone at least one full week of sleep quality assessment before their death. Twenty-nine percent of them had suffered a stroke, and 61 percent had moderate-to-severe damage to blood vessels in the brain. Those with the highest levels of sleep fragmentation – repeated awakenings or arousals – were 27 percent more likely to have hardening of the brain arteries. Among study participants, sleep was disrupted an average of nearly seven times an hour. For each additional two arousals during one hour of sleep, there was a 30 percent greater likelihood of having visible signs of oxygen deprivation in the brain, the study authors said. ... Read more

Related support groups: Sleep Disorders, Ischemic Stroke, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis

Young Adults Would Delay Seeking Stroke Treatment: Survey

Posted 11 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 11, 2016 – Immediate treatment of stroke is crucial, but a new survey finds that three-quarters of young American adults would delay going to the hospital if they had stroke symptoms. Ideally, people with an ischemic stroke (blocked blood flow to the brain) should receive medical care within three hours to give them the best chance of restoring blood flow to the brain and minimizing or reversing stroke damage, the researchers explained. "Timely treatment for stroke is probably more important than for almost any other medical problem there is," Dr. David Liebeskind, professor of neurology at Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center in Los Angeles, said in a university news release. "There is a very limited window in which to start treatment because the brain is very sensitive to a lack of blood flow or to bleeding, and the longer patients wait, the more devastating the ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke

More Evidence That Time-to-Treatment Is Crucial for Stroke

Posted 21 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 21, 2015 – Stroke patients have worse outcomes when delays occur in restoring blood flow to the brain, a new study says. Dutch researchers looked at 500 people who suffered a stroke caused by blocked blood flow to the brain – what's known as an ischemic stroke, the most common form. About half of the patients received intra-arterial treatment (IAT), which involves inserting a catheter into an artery to either remove the clot, to deliver clot-busting drugs near the site of the blockage, or both. The other patients did not receive IAT. The study found that the average amount of time needed between the onset of a stroke and the moment the patient first received the catheter was about four hours and 20 minutes, and the average time it took for blood flow to be restored to the brain was five hours and 40 minutes. There was a 6 percent lower chance of a good outcome for ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Streptokinase, Urokinase, Abbokinase, Kabikinase, Streptase, Abbokinase Open-Cath, Kinlytic

Reduced Blood Flow to Back of Brain Raises Recurrent Stroke Risk: Study

Posted 21 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 21, 2015 – People who have a stroke in the back of the brain and continue to have reduced blood flow to this area have a higher risk of having another stroke within two years, a new study reveals. But researchers say people with low blood flow to the back of the brain can be identified with a new MRI-based technology. And, identifying areas with low blood flow is crucial, the study authors explained. "Having a blockage present in a blood vessel doesn't always correlate to low blood flow," lead investigator Dr. Sepideh Amin-Hanjani, a professor of neurological surgery at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine, said in a university news release. "There can be a blockage and flow can be normal, if other nearby blood vessels are able to compensate," Amin-Hanjani added. Once areas with low blood flow have been identified, patients might benefit from ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Diagnosis and Investigation, Head Imaging

Hospital's Experience Helps Predict Stroke Results

Posted 15 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 14, 2015 – Medical centers that treat many stroke patients deliver better results than hospitals with less experience, researchers report. The new study, conducted at 50 U.S. medical centers, included 451 patients who suffered a stroke or mini-stroke caused by blockage of a major artery. Patients treated at medical centers with more experience and expertise in aggressive treatment of stroke had lower rates of repeat stroke or death, according to the findings published in the Dec. 15 issue of the journal Neurology. "We compared the rates of recurrent stroke or death for patients receiving aggressive medical management at the 12 centers with the highest study enrollment to those who received the treatment at the 38 with the lowest enrollment," said study leader Dr. David Chiu, a neurologist and medical director of the Houston Methodist Hospital Stroke Center. "We found a ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage

More Support for Lower Blood Pressure Goals

Posted 9 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 9, 2015 – Intensive treatment to lower blood pressure below currently recommended levels reduces the risk of heart attack and stroke in patients with high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes and kidney disease, a new study shows. Effective blood pressure goals have been the subject of much recent scientific debate, with another recent study also supporting lower targets. For this study, researchers analyzed data from 19 clinical trials that included nearly 45,000 people. They wanted to assess the potential benefits and safety of pushing systolic blood pressure in high-risk patients below the current target of 140. Systolic is the top number in a blood pressure reading. Compared to those who received standard treatment, average systolic pressure was 6.8 lower and diastolic blood pressure was 4.5 lower in patients who received more intensive treatment – 133.2/76.4 ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Lisinopril, Hypertension, Metoprolol, Heart Disease, Atenolol, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Hydrochlorothiazide, Propranolol, Bystolic, Carvedilol, Renal Failure, Ramipril, Bisoprolol, Coreg, Inderal, Enalapril, Benazepril, Azor

Adults With Heart Defects May Face Higher Risk of Stroke: Study

Posted 24 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 24, 2015 – Adults who were born with heart defects are at increased risk for stroke, a new study finds. "We knew there was a connection between heart failure and stroke in patients with heart defects, but we were surprised to discover it was the strongest predictor," said senior study author Dr. Ariane Marelli, a professor of medicine at McGill University in Montreal. However, the study did not prove that heart defects cause stroke. For the study, researchers looked at stroke rates among more than 29,000 adults born with heart defects, and compared them with rates among people in the general population of the province of Quebec, Canada. Those with heart defects were nine to 12 times more likely to suffer an ischemic stroke (blocked blood flow to the brain) before age 55. In addition, they were two to four times more likely to have this type of stroke between the ages of ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Failure, Congestive Heart Failure, Diabetes, Type 1, Insulin Resistance, Transient Ischemic Attack, Pre-Diabetes, Left Ventricular Dysfunction, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Diabetes Mellitus, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Left Ventriculography

Danger Persists for Young Women After Heart Attack, Stroke

Posted 23 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 23, 2015 – Young women who survive a heart attack or stroke may not be out of danger once they recover, European researchers say. These women could continue to face drastically increased risk of death – or another heart attack or stroke – for a long time after their initial life-threatening illness, according to a new study published Nov. 23 in JAMA Internal Medicine. "Our results show that the increase in risk is persistent over a long time, making it even more clear that women should keep their regular checkups and try to maintain a healthy lifestyle, even if their first event was years ago," said co-author Bob Siegerink, group leader of epidemiology at the Charite Center for Stroke Research in Berlin, Germany. Overall death rates are 3.7 times higher in women who've had a heart attack and 1.8 times higher in women who've had a stroke, compared with healthy women, ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Post MI Syndrome

Carbon Monoxide Levels in Breath Might Point to Stroke Risk

Posted 9 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

SUNDAY, Nov. 8, 2015 – Seemingly healthy adults who exhale high levels of carbon monoxide may be at increased risk for stroke, a new study suggests. Carbon monoxide is produced naturally by the body. According to the researchers, prior studies have linked high exhaled levels of carbon monoxide to an increased risk of heart disease. This new study was led by Dr. Matthew Nayor, of Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, and included more than 3,300 healthy adults with no known history of stroke. All of the patients had their exhaled levels of carbon monoxide measured and health outcomes were then tracked for an average of nearly 13 years. The study couldn't prove cause-and-effect. However, compared with those in the lowest one-third of levels of exhaled carbon monoxide, those in the middle one-third were 67 percent more likely to suffer a stroke or mini-stroke (transient ischemic attack ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis

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