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Related terms: Congenital Heart Disease

Stress Affects Women, Men With Heart Disease Differently, Study Shows

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 13, 2014 – Stress triggers different physical and mental reactions in women and men with heart disease, new research indicates. The study involved 254 men and 56 women with stable heart disease who did three mentally stressful tasks: an math test, a mirror tracing test and an anger recall test. Stress had a greater impact on blood pressure and heart rate in men, while women were more likely to experience decreased blood flow to the heart and increased clumping of blood cells associated with clot formation. Women also had a greater increase in negative emotions and a larger decline in positive emotions while doing the stressful tasks, according to the study published Oct. 13 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. "The relationship between mental stress and cardiovascular disease is well known," study author Dr. Zainab Samad, an assistant professor of medicine ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety and Stress, Heart Disease

Genes May Make Some More Prone to Heart Disease When Under Stress

Posted 1 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 1, 2014 – Genes may interact with stress to trigger heart disease in some people, a new study suggests. The genetic risk occurs in about 13 percent of people, but only in those who are white. The finding could help these people reduce their heart disease risk through simple measures such as exercise, a healthy diet and stress management, the Duke University researchers said. The study authors analyzed genetic data from nearly 6,000 people and found a strong link between variations in the EBF1 gene and higher levels of central obesity, as measured by hip circumference. In people with these gene variations, their hips grew wider as their stress levels increased. Further investigation revealed a "significant pathway" to high blood sugar levels, diabetes and heart disease, most notably a narrowing of the arteries. "These findings suggest that a stress reduction ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety and Stress, Heart Disease

Could a Fading Sense of Smell Point to Earlier Death?

Posted 1 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 1, 2014 – Older adults who have trouble smelling the roses – literally – may face an increased risk of dying in the next several years, new research suggests. In a study of over 3,000 older Americans, researchers found those who were unable to detect scents such as rose, orange and peppermint were more than three times as likely to die in the next five years, versus those with a sharp sense of smell. In fact, anosmia – the inability to distinguish odors – was a bigger predictor of death than major killers such as heart disease, lung disease or cancer, the researchers reported Oct. 1 in the online journal PLOS One. "We were pretty surprised it was such a strong predictor," said lead researcher Dr. Jayant Pinto, a surgeon at the University of Chicago who specializes in nasal disorders. Now, the question is why. No one is saying anosmia itself kills people, stressed ... Read more

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Diabetics Face Much Greater Risk of Heart Damage, Study Says

Posted 11 Sep 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 11, 2014 – Using a new ultra-sensitive test, Johns Hopkins researchers found that people with diabetes may have a sixfold higher risk of heart failure even if their cholesterol is low and they appear otherwise healthy. Results of the new study suggest that people with diabetes and pre-diabetes may be suffering undetectable – but potentially dangerous – heart muscle damage, the researchers concluded. This heart damage is occurring regardless of a diabetic's cholesterol levels, which had no effect on test results, said lead author Elizabeth Selvin. She co-director of the Cardiovascular Epidemiology Training Program at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. "Even if we treat people with diabetes with statins, we may not be able to fully address the increased risk of death and heart failure in that population," Selvin said. "This underscores the need for ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Heart Disease

Heart Studies Don't Reflect Real-World Patients, Study Finds

Posted 26 Aug 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 26, 2014 – People who take part in clinical trials of new heart disease treatments are generally younger and healthier than the typical heart patient, a new study confirms. Experts said the findings, which appear in the Aug. 27 Journal of the American Medical Association, aren't surprising – but they are troubling. "It's of major concern that clinical trials are enrolling a more select patient population that is not fully representative of the real-world patients encountered in clinical practice," said Dr. Gregg Fonarow, a spokesman for the American Heart Association who wasn't involved in the study. "Doctors are left not knowing whether the therapy will be equally efficacious and safe for older patients with more [co-existing] conditions," said Fonarow, who is also a professor of cardiology at the University of California, Los Angeles. Dr. Jacob Udell, the lead ... Read more

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Health Tip: Reducing Your Chances of Heart Disease if You Have Diabetes

Posted 18 Aug 2014 by Drugs.com

-- Diabetics are at increased risk of developing heart disease, but there are lifestyle changes you can make to help lower the risk. The National Heart Lung and Blood Association explains how you can reduce the risk of diabetic heart disease: Maintain healthy cholesterol. Keep high blood pressure in check (under 130/80 mm/Hg). Don't smoke Lose any excess weight. Eat a diet low in sodium, sugar and saturated and trans fats. Get plenty of regular exercise. Find ways to manage stress. Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Heart Disease

Women, Blacks Hit Harder by Heart Disease Risk Factors

Posted 11 Aug 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 11, 2014 – Chronic diseases that can increase a person's risk of heart attack or stroke appear to hit women and blacks the hardest, a new population-based study found. Diabetes and high blood pressure in particular, contribute to an ongoing gender and race gap in heart disease risk, researchers report online on Aug. 11 in the journal Circulation. "These findings could support the idea that when a woman or a black patient has these risk factors, they tend to be not as recognized or well-controlled, because they aren't as aggressively treated," said Dr. Susan Cheng, a specialist in cardiovascular medicine at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston. Researchers studied more than 13,500 Americans between 1987 and 1998 to determine their population attributable risk – a measure that considers how common a risk factor is and by how much that factor raises the chance of future ... Read more

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'Ice Man' Mummy May Have Been at Risk of Heart Disease

Posted 1 Aug 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 1, 2014 – Roaming the high Alps more than 5,000 years ago, the individual whose preserved mummy became famous as the "Ice Man" no doubt had a very tough and active lifestyle. But all of that may still not have shielded the Ice Man, nicknamed Otzi, from a very modern scourge: heart disease. A human's genetic risk for atherosclerosis, or "hardening of the arteries," appears to be the same today as it was thousands of years ago, a new study finds. "Our ancestors going back thousands of years show signs of atherosclerosis," explained a team led by author Albert Zink of the Institute for Mummies and the Iceman at the European Academy of Bolzano/Bozen in Italy. The researchers noted that CT scans show "evidence of calcium deposits associated with atherosclerotic plaques in the arteries of mummies as old as 5,000 years. Even though our human ancestors lived far different lives ... Read more

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Some Jobs Harder on the Heart Than Others, Report Finds

Posted 1 Aug 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 31, 2014 – Stress at work may raise your risk of heart attack and stroke, particularly if you work in the service industry or have a blue-collar job, U.S. health officials reported Thursday. But being unemployed might be just as unhealthy, they added. "Workplace factors that increase risk include job stress, exposure to air pollution – like dust and secondhand smoke – and noise," explained lead researcher Dr. Sara Luckhaupt, from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, part of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "These workers would benefit from health programs that combine reducing occupational risk factors like job stress with health promotion activities like smoking cessation," she said. Some workers may already have other risk factors for stroke and heart attack, such as high blood pressure and cholesterol, which can be made ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety and Stress, Heart Disease

No TV or Obesity, But Ancient People Still Had Heart Disease

Posted 31 Jul 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 31, 2014 – They may not have had fast food, TVs or cigarettes, but people of ancient times commonly developed clogged heart arteries – and a new research review speculates on some reasons why. Using CT scans of mummified remains from ancient Egypt, Peru, the Aleutian Islands and the American Southwest, researchers have found evidence of widespread atherosclerosis – the hardening of heart arteries from fatty substances that build up, eventually leading to heart attack or stroke. That's despite the fact that those ancient groups were largely free of today's perilous lifestyle factors, such as sugar- and fat-laden diets, inactivity, smoking and widespread obesity. "Our team has evaluated mummies from five different continents. We have yet to find a culture that didn't have atherosclerosis," said cardiologist Dr. Gregory Thomas, the lead author of a review published in the ... Read more

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People With Heart Disease, Diabetes May Be More Likely to Stay on Statins

Posted 23 Jun 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 23, 2014 – People who have heart disease or diabetes, the overweight or obese and former smokers are most likely to keep taking cholesterol-lowering statins, a new study finds. Previous research has shown that as many 46 percent of patients who are prescribed statins stop taking them. Nearly one in 10 cardiovascular events are linked to failure to take prescribed drugs, according to background information in the study. Researchers looked at a group of people from Finland who began taking statins between 1998 and 2010. The people most likely to stop taking statins were women, single people and those aged 24 to 50. People without heart disease or diabetes were less likely to continue taking statins than those with the conditions. Among patients without heart disease or diabetes, those who were most likely to continue taking statins were overweight/obese or former smokers. ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Heart Disease, Lipitor, Simvastatin, Crestor, Pravastatin, Atorvastatin, Zocor, Lovastatin, Rosuvastatin, Livalo, Red Yeast Rice, Pravachol, Lescol, Lescol XL, Mevacor, Fluvastatin, Baycol, Pitavastatin, Altoprev

Rare Gene Mutations May Help Shield the Heart

Posted 18 Jun 2014 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 18, 2014 – Four rare mutations in a single gene reduce the risk of heart disease by 40 percent, a new study suggests. The discovery could lead to the development of new drugs to fight heart disease, according to the researchers at the Broad Institute at Massachusetts General Hospital and colleagues. They conducted genetic analyses of nearly 4,000 people and identified four mutations in the APOC3 gene that significantly lower levels of triglycerides, a type of fat in the blood, as well as the risk of coronary heart disease. The APOC3 gene produces a protein that's believed to prevent the removal of triglycerides from the blood. The four mutations all decrease APOC3 activity. The findings suggest that high triglyceride levels – rather than low levels of "good" HDL cholesterol – play a major role in heart disease, according to the authors of the study in the June 18 ... Read more

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Study Ties Too Much Sitting to Risks for Certain Cancers

Posted 17 Jun 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 16, 2014 – You may want to stand up to read this. A new study suggests that people who spend the bulk of their day sitting – whether behind the wheel, in front of the TV or working at a computer – appear to have an increased risk for certain kinds of cancers. Previous studies have tied too much time spent sedentary to a variety of health problems, including heart disease, blood clots, a large waistline, higher blood sugar and insulin, generally poor physical functioning, and even early death. For the new study, researchers zeroed in on 43 studies that specifically looked at the link between sitting and nearly 70,000 cases of cancer. After combining the results from individual studies – a statistical tool that helps to reveal trends in research – there was good news and bad news. The good news? Being sedentary did not appear to be linked to every kind of cancer. ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Colorectal Cancer, Endometrial Cancer

Heart Patients Without Artery Plaque Buildup Still Face Risks: Study

Posted 4 Jun 2014 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 4, 2014 – People who have heart disease without major plaque build-up in their coronary arteries still face a significantly increased risk for heart attack and death, a new study indicates. The condition – called non-obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) – damages the walls of the heart's blood vessels, but does not decrease blood flow or cause symptoms. Because of that, it's generally been regarded as being a low-risk condition, according to background information in the study. Researchers analyzed data from nearly 41,000 U.S. veterans who underwent heart angiography – a test used to check for blockages in the arteries – between 2007 and 2012. They were categorized as having either normal, non-obstructive or obstructive coronary artery disease. The more severe the disease, the greater the risk of heart attack and death within a year after undergoing ... Read more

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Cancer, Heart Disease Not Likely Killers of Those Over 100

Posted 4 Jun 2014 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 4, 2014 – Pneumonia and frailty are more likely to be the cause of death among people aged 100 and older, rather than chronic conditions such as cancer or heart disease, new research shows. The findings are based on data on centenarian deaths in England between 2001 and 2010. Worldwide, the number of centenarians is expected to reach 3.2 million by 2050. According to a report from the U.S. Census Bureau, there were more than 53,000 people aged 100 or above in the United States in 2010, with the number slowly rising over time. The new study of British centenarians included almost 36,000 people, 87 percent of them women, with a median age of 101 at the time of death. The number of deaths for people age 100 or more in England rose by 56 percent over 10 years, from 2,823 in 2001 to 4,393 in 2010. According to the study, these very old individuals were most likely to die in ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Heart Disease

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