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Antibiotic May Lower Effect of Some Blood Thinners

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 21, 2015 – The antibiotic dicloxacillin may lessen the effects of some blood-thinning medications, new research shows. "The surprise in the study was just how much of an impact dicloxacillin had," said study author Anton Pottegard, a pharmacist and research fellow at the University of Southern Denmark, in Odense. "Often, the effects in these kinds of studies are quite small. But this was very pronounced: Six out of 10 patients dropped so much in their level of blood-thinning that they were no longer sufficiently protected against clotting and stroke," Pottegard said. Coumadin (warfarin) and similar blood thinners lower the risk of blood clots, a potential cause of strokes and heart attacks, by thinning the blood so blockages don't form in vessels, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine. Patients with irregular heart rhythms, such as atrial fibrillation, and ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Blood Disorders, Warfarin, Coumadin, Metronidazole, Bacterial Infection, Ischemic Stroke, Bactrim, Atrial Fibrillation, Flagyl, Bactrim DS, Prevention of Thromboembolism in Atrial Fibrillation, Polymyxin B, Xifaxan, Septra, Zyvox, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Rifaximin, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Bacitracin

Could Antibiotics Raise a Child's Risk for Juvenile Arthritis?

Posted 11 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 20, 2015 – Here's yet another reason not to overuse antibiotics: Children treated with the antibacterial drugs may face a greater risk for developing juvenile arthritis, new research suggests. The study found that children and teens prescribed antibiotics had about twice the risk of developing juvenile arthritis compared to children the same age who were not prescribed the drugs. "This risk was greatest within a year of receiving antibiotics and increased with the number of antibiotic courses children were prescribed," said study lead author Dr. Daniel Horton, a research fellow with the Rutgers Biomedical and Health Sciences Child Health Institute of New Jersey. Antifungal and antiviral drugs did not show the same effect, he said. The results suggest antibiotics may trigger juvenile arthritis in a small subset of children who are prone to developing this disease, Horton ... Read more

Related support groups: Metronidazole, Bactrim, Flagyl, Bactrim DS, Polymyxin B, Xifaxan, Septra, Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Zyvox, Rifaximin, Bacitracin, Metro, Septra DS, Cotrimoxazole, Chloramphenicol, Sulfatrim, SMZ-TMP DS, Flagyl IV, Flagyl IV RTU

Antibiotics Myths Still Common Among Parents

Posted 11 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 20, 2015 – Many American parents still have misconceptions about when their children should receive antibiotics and what the medications do, a new study finds. Looking at data results spanning more than a decade, researchers saw that parents with Medicaid insurance were more likely to misunderstand appropriate antibiotic use than parents with private commercial insurance. Medicaid is the government-run insurance program for lower-income Americans. "While not confirmed, it is possible that the combination of health literacy and underlying socioeconomic factors could contribute to both the misconceptions and expectations for antibiotics," said Dr. Louise Vaz. She is assistant professor of pediatric infectious diseases and medical director of the Outpatient Antibiotic Therapy Program at Oregon Health and Science University in Portland. "We do need to better tailor our ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Metronidazole, Bactrim, Flagyl, Cold Symptoms, Bactrim DS, Polymyxin B, Xifaxan, Septra, Swine Influenza, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Zyvox, Rifaximin, Bacitracin, Metro, Septra DS, Chloramphenicol, Cotrimoxazole, Viral Infection, Sulfatrim

Appendicitis Can Often Be Treated With Antibiotics

Posted 16 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 16, 2015 – Although surgical removal of the appendix has long been a standard treatment, a new study found that almost three-quarters of people treated with antibiotics could be spared the invasive procedure known as appendectomy. "For more than a century, appendectomy has been the standard treatment," said the study's lead author Dr. Paulina Salminen, of Turku University Hospital in Finland. But about 80 percent of patients with an inflamed appendix, commonly called appendicitis, don't need to have their appendix surgically removed, and those who ultimately do need the surgery aren't hurt by waiting, according to Salminen. She thinks that this and other studies will change how appendicitis is treated. "Now we know that only a small proportion of appendicitis patients need an emergency operation," Salminen said. However, there are two types of appendicitis – one that ... Read more

Related support groups: Surgery, Metronidazole, Bactrim, Flagyl, Bactrim DS, Polymyxin B, Xifaxan, Septra, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Zyvox, Rifaximin, Bacitracin, Metro, Septra DS, Cotrimoxazole, Chloramphenicol, Sulfatrim, SMZ-TMP DS, Flagyl IV, Flagyl IV RTU

Doctors Can Cut Back on Antibiotics After Abdominal Surgery: Study

Posted 11 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 11, 2015 – The length of antibiotic treatment for abdominal infections can be cut in half and still be equally effective, a new study suggests. Doing so could help efforts to battle the growing problem of antibiotic resistance, the study authors said. The study – led by researchers at the University of Virginia – included more than 500 patients in the United States and Canada with abdominal infections. First, the source of the infection was treated, such as the removal of an inflamed appendix. After surgery, half of the patients took antibiotics for eight days. The other half took antibiotics for only four days. Outcomes in both groups were similar, the study found. "It's important for physicians to realize the most important aspect of the management of these patients is controlling the source of infection," Dr. Robert Sawyer, from the departments of surgery and ... Read more

Related support groups: Surgery, Metronidazole, Bactrim, Flagyl, Bactrim DS, Polymyxin B, Xifaxan, Septra, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Zyvox, Rifaximin, Bacitracin, Metro, Septra DS, Cotrimoxazole, Chloramphenicol, Sulfatrim, SMZ-TMP DS, Flagyl IV, Flagyl IV RTU

Improper Antibiotic Use Often Due to Misdiagnosis: Study

Posted 20 May 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 20, 2015 – Misdiagnosis often leads to improper antibiotic use in hospitals, new research finds. Incorrect antibiotic use can cause patient harm, reduce the effectiveness of antibiotics and increase health care costs, the researchers noted. "Antibiotic therapies are used for approximately 56 percent of inpatients in U.S. hospitals, but are found to be inappropriate in nearly half of these cases, and many of these failures are connected with inaccurate diagnoses," study author Dr. Greg Filice said in a news release from the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. Filice, an internist with the Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Health Care System, and his colleagues analyzed 500 inpatient cases at the Minneapolis VA Medical Center. They found that inappropriate use of antibiotics occurred with 95 percent of patients who received an incorrect or indeterminate diagnosis, ... Read more

Related support groups: Urinary Tract Infection, Metronidazole, Bactrim, Bladder Infection, Pneumonia, Flagyl, Bactrim DS, Kidney Infections, Polymyxin B, Xifaxan, Septra, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Zyvox, Rifaximin, Sepsis, Bacitracin, Metro, Septra DS, Cotrimoxazole, Chloramphenicol

Study Casts Doubt on Use of Common Antibiotic for UTIs in Women

Posted 30 Apr 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 30, 2015 – The antibiotic most commonly prescribed for bladder and other urinary tract infections, nitrofurantoin, may not be the most effective option, new research suggests. More than 25 percent of older adults have reduced kidney function, and bladder infections are a common complaint. Doctors often turn to nitrofurantoin to treat these and other urinary tract infections (UTIs), but concerns have been raised about the ability of the drug to reach the urinary tract and target bacteria that causes bladder infections, especially in those with poor kidney function. The new Canadian research was led by Dr. Amit Garg, a nephrologist at Western University in London, Ontario. His team compared the benefits of nitrofurantoin to the effectiveness of other commonly used antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin ("Cipro") and norfloxicin. The study, published recently in the Canadian ... Read more

Related support groups: Urinary Tract Infection, Metronidazole, Bactrim, Bladder Infection, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Flagyl, Nitrofurantoin, Macrobid, Bactrim DS, Kidney Infections, Levofloxacin, Avelox, Polymyxin B, Xifaxan, Macrodantin, Septra, Prevention of Bladder infection, Zyvox

Half of U.S. Hospitals Could Do More to Prevent Serious Infections, Study Finds

Posted 29 Apr 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 29, 2015 – Too few hospitals in the United States are doing everything they can to protect patients from a potentially deadly intestinal infection, a new study finds. Researchers from the University of Michigan surveyed almost 400 hospitals nationwide to determine what measures they had taken to prevent Clostridium difficile infections, which kill nearly 30,000 Americans a year and cause illness in hundreds of thousands more. Hospital patients are at high risk for C. difficile infections and for suffering serious effects, especially if they have taken antibiotics, which disrupt the normal community of bacteria in their digestive systems. Symptoms include diarrhea, fever, nausea and loss of appetite. "C. difficile infection over the last decade has emerged as a threat to patients, especially the most vulnerable and the elderly, and has increased in incidence and ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Metronidazole, Bactrim, Flagyl, Bactrim DS, Polymyxin B, Xifaxan, Septra, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Zyvox, Rifaximin, Bacitracin, Metro, Septra DS, Chloramphenicol, Cotrimoxazole, Sulfatrim, SMZ-TMP DS, Flagyl IV, Clostridial Infection

Antibiotic Shortages On the Rise in U.S.

Posted 23 Apr 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 23, 2015 – Shortages of antibiotics, including those used to treat drug-resistant infections, may be putting patients at risk for sickness and death, according to a new report. Between 2001 and 2013, there were shortages of 148 antibiotics. And the shortages started getting worse in 2007, researchers found. "Many of the drug shortages were among the only drugs to treat a particular condition, drugs to treat antibiotic-resistant bacteria and drugs used to treat children," said lead researcher Dr. Larissa May, an associate professor of emergency medicine at George Washington University in Washington, D.C. "When these drugs are not available, patients may not get the best care, or even die," she said. "If something isn't done, there may be big impacts on health care." In the study, nearly half the shortages were for antibiotics needed to treat severe infections, including ... Read more

Related support groups: Metronidazole, Bactrim, Flagyl, Bactrim DS, Polymyxin B, Xifaxan, Septra, Zyvox, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Rifaximin, Bacitracin, Metro, Septra DS, Chloramphenicol, Cotrimoxazole, Sulfatrim, SMZ-TMP DS, Flagyl IV, Flagyl IV RTU, Daptomycin

Antibiotics May Be Overused in Many Neonatal ICUs, Study Finds

Posted 20 Apr 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 20, 2015 – Antibiotics appear to be overused in many neonatal intensive care units, new research suggests. Just how overused these medications were varied widely, the study authors found. Some neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) gave antibiotics to newborns at a rate 40 times greater than rates at other NICUs, even when there was little difference in infection rates. "The results of this study aren't surprising. We have reams of data showing that antibiotics are overused in multiple other settings," said Dr. Clay Jones, a pediatrician specializing in newborns at Newton-Wellesley Hospital in Massachusetts, who was not involved in the study. "The most striking finding is the degree of variance in the use of antibiotics between facilities." The findings were published online April 20 in the journal Pediatrics. In the study, California health officials analyzed the medical ... Read more

Related support groups: Metronidazole, Bactrim, Flagyl, Bactrim DS, Polymyxin B, Xifaxan, Septra, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Zyvox, Rifaximin, Bacitracin, Metro, Septra DS, Chloramphenicol, Cotrimoxazole, Sulfatrim, SMZ-TMP DS, Flagyl IV, Flagyl IV RTU, Daptomycin

Study Ties Frequent Antibiotic Use to Higher Odds for Type 2 Diabetes

Posted 25 Mar 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2015 – Repeated use of certain antibiotics may increase a person's risk for type 2 diabetes, a new study suggests. Researchers analyzed data from one million people in the United Kingdom and found that those who were prescribed at least two courses of four types of antibiotics – penicillins, cephalosporins, quinolones and macrolides – were more likely to develop diabetes. The risk of diabetes rose with the number of antibiotics prescribed, the findings showed. Two to five courses of a penicillin increased the risk of diabetes by 8 percent, while more than five courses increased the risk by 23 percent. Two to five courses of quinolones increased the risk of diabetes by 15 percent, and more than five courses increased the risk by 37 percent, the study found. The higher risk of diabetes associated with the antibiotics was determined after adjusting for other ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Metronidazole, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Flagyl, Bactrim DS, Levofloxacin, Avelox, Polymyxin B, Xifaxan, Septra, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Zyvox, Rifaximin, Ofloxacin, Bacitracin, Metro, Septra DS

Dangerous C. Difficile Germ Infects 500,000 Americans a Year: CDC

Posted 26 Feb 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 25, 2015 – Almost half a million Americans were infected with the bacteria Clostridium difficile in 2011, and 29,000 died within a month of diagnosis, U.S. health officials report. "Infections with C. difficile have become increasingly common over the last few decades, and are seen in patients in health-care facilities as well as people in their communities," Dr. Michael Bell said at a U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention press conference Wednesday. C. difficile, which causes inflammation of the colon and deadly diarrhea, is often linked to antibiotic use, said Bell, deputy director of healthcare quality promotion at the CDC's National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases. Antibiotics can destroy the natural bacterial balance in the colon, allowing C. difficile to take over, he explained. These infections can be prevented by controlling use of ... Read more

Related support groups: Metronidazole, Bactrim, Flagyl, Bactrim DS, Polymyxin B, Xifaxan, Septra, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Zyvox, Rifaximin, Bacitracin, Metro, Septra DS, Chloramphenicol, Cotrimoxazole, Sulfatrim, SMZ-TMP DS, Flagyl IV, Flagyl IV RTU, Clostridial Infection

Medicines Are Biggest Culprit in Fatal Allergic Reactions: Study

Posted 10 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 9, 2014 – Although food allergies have garnered a lot of attention lately, a new study reports that medications are actually the biggest cause of sudden deaths related to allergy. Over a little more than a decade, nearly 60 percent of the allergy-related deaths were caused by medications, while less than 7 percent were caused by food allergies, the study found. "Medications can be dangerous," said study researcher Dr. Elina Jerschow, director of the Drug Allergy Center at Montefiore Medical Center and assistant professor of medicine at Albert Einstein College of Medicine, in New York City. While research from other countries has reported medications as a major culprit in anaphylaxis-related deaths, Jerschow said, the problem has been less defined in the United States. One reason is that there is no national registry for anaphylaxis deaths, she said. The study was ... Read more

Related support groups: Provera, Amoxicillin, Depo-Provera, Doxycycline, Methotrexate, Metronidazole, Penicillin, Clindamycin, Cephalexin, Bactrim, Azithromycin, Cipro, Lupron, Accutane, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Augmentin, Flagyl, Zithromax, Medroxyprogesterone

Antibiotics in Childhood May Increase Bowel Disease Risk: Study

Posted 24 Sep 2012 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 24 – Use of certain antibiotics may put children at higher risk for developing bowel diseases, new research has found. The earlier children take antibiotics and the more they take, the higher the risk of later developing the inflammatory bowel diseases known as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, the researchers found. "There appears to be a 'dose response' effect," said Dr. Matt Kronman, assistant professor of pediatric infectious diseases at the University of Washington School of Medicine in Seattle. "The more antibiotics children took, the more their risk increased." Earlier studies had suggested a link between bowel disease and antibiotics use, but most of those studies had limitations. The new study, published online Sept. 24 in the journal Pediatrics, looked at data on more than 1 million children 17 years old or younger in nearly 500 health practices ... Read more

Related support groups: Amoxicillin, Metronidazole, Penicillin, Crohn's Disease, Flagyl, Colitis, Ulcerative Colitis, Tetracycline, Amoxil, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Penicillin VK, Metro, Flagyl IV, Flagyl IV RTU, Amoxil Pediatric Drops, Bicillin LA, Flagyl ER, Trimox, Bicillin L-A, Biomox

Health Tip: Why Antibiotic Resistance Is Serious

Posted 16 Nov 2011 by Drugs.com

-- Antibiotic resistance occurs when a bacterium mutates and becomes immune to the effects of a specific antibiotic. You can help prevent antibiotic resistance by taking an antibiotic regimen only when necessary. Remember that antibiotics don't work against viral infections such as a cold or the flu. If you do begin taking an antibiotic, you should never skip a dose. Also, you should finish the entire amount that your doctor has prescribed, despite the fact that you might be feeling better. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says antibiotic-resistant bacteria are dangerous because: It may be difficult to find a medication that kills the bacteria. Resistant bacteria tend to spread more quickly between families and within communities. Infections become more difficult and more expensive to treat. People may die from a resistant infection before it can be treated ... Read more

Related support groups: Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Metronidazole, Penicillin, Bacterial Infection, Clindamycin, Cephalexin, Bactrim, Azithromycin, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Augmentin, Flagyl, Zithromax, Keflex, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Minocycline

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