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Familial Adenomatous Polyposis News

Vitamin D, Calcium May Not Prevent Colon Cancer After All

Posted 14 Oct 2015 by

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 14, 2015 – New clinical trial results negate the supposed colon cancer-preventing benefits of calcium and vitamin D supplements. Neither calcium nor vitamin D, taken alone or together after precancerous colon polyps were removed, significantly reduced the risk of new polyps developing, researchers report. The results contradict decades of observational studies that showed that people who take lots of calcium and vitamin D are less likely to develop colon cancer, researchers said in the Oct. 15 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. "It suggests that you should not think you should take calcium or vitamin D to reduce your risk of colon cancer," said study co-author Elizabeth Barry, an assistant professor of epidemiology and community and family medicine at Dartmouth's Geisel School of Medicine in New Hampshire. However, Barry added that this trial focused on a ... Read more

Related support groups: Colonoscopy, Colorectal Cancer, Caltrate 600 with D, Calcium/Vitamin D, Os-Cal 500 with D, Oyster Shell Calcium, Citracal + D, Oysco 500 with D, Familial Adenomatous Polyposis, Citracal Creamy Bites, Calcet, Calcium 600 D, Calcarb with D, Citracal Regular, Citracal Petites, Posture-D H/P, Calcium/folic Acid/ginger/pyridoxine, Calcio Del Mar, Osteocit D Plus, Dical-D

1 in 3 Colon Cancers in Young People Has Genetic Link

Posted 24 Jul 2015 by

FRIDAY, July 24, 2015 – More than a third of colon cancers diagnosed in younger patients are caused by inherited gene mutations, a new study finds. These patients should undergo genetic counseling to determine if their families may be at increased risk, the researchers suggested. Hereditary colon cancers are relatively rare overall, but tend to be more common if diagnosed before age 50, the researchers said. However, their prevalence among teens and young adults has not been well documented, according to the researchers. This study included almost 200 patients, aged 35 and younger, who were diagnosed with colon cancer and underwent genetic testing between 2009 and 2013. "We were very surprised to find that 35 percent of that population of patients had a genetic disease, although we hypothesized the proportion would be higher in this age group relative to the general population," study ... Read more

Related support groups: Colorectal Cancer, Diagnosis and Investigation, Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

U.S. Oncologists Decry High Cost of Cancer Drugs

Posted 23 Jul 2015 by

THURSDAY, July 23, 2015 – Soaring costs for cancer drugs are hurting patient care in the United States, a group of top oncologists claim. "High cancer-drug prices are affecting the care of patients with cancer and our health care system," Dr. Ayalew Tefferi, a hematologist at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., said in a Mayo news release. Tefferi and his colleagues made a number of recommendations on how to address the problem in a commentary published July 23 in the Mayo Clinic Proceedings. Allowing Medicare to negotiate drug prices is one of the suggestions the team of 118 leading cancer experts offered as a possible solution. Along with their recommendations, the group also expressed support for a patient-based grassroots movement on that is demanding action on the issue. "The average gross household income in the U.S. is about $52,000 per year. For an insured patient with ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Provera, Depo-Provera, Methotrexate, Breast Cancer, Accutane, Lupron, Prostate Cancer, Tamoxifen, Medroxyprogesterone, Arimidex, Femara, Tretinoin, Lupron Depot, Gleevec, Lung Cancer, Fluorouracil, Rituxan, Colorectal Cancer, Renal Cell Carcinoma

The Doctor Who Does Your Colonoscopy Matters

Posted 16 Jun 2015 by

TUESDAY, June 16, 2015 – The doctor performing your colonoscopy makes a difference in whether you'll develop colon cancer or die from it, a new study finds. Colonoscopy saves lives, and "high quality" colonoscopies save even more, the study authors said. High quality means screening by doctors adept at identifying many precancerous growths (polyps), they said. "The results further suggest that efforts to improve the detection and removal of precancerous polyps will likely not only help patients, but will support current efforts to improve the quality of the test and be cost-effective," said study lead author Reinier Meester, of Erasmus MC University Medical Center in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. In the study, higher-quality colonoscopies were associated with a 50 to 60 percent lower risk for colon cancer and colon cancer fatalities over a patient's lifetime. Higher-quality screenings ... Read more

Related support groups: Colonoscopy, Colorectal Cancer, Diagnosis and Investigation, Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

New Colon Polyp Removal Method May Be Easier on Patients

Posted 6 May 2014 by

MONDAY, May 5, 2014 – A team-based procedure for removing difficult or large precancerous colon polyps is effective and eliminates the need to take out part of a person's colon to reduce their cancer risk, a small clinical trial shows. In the procedure, a surgeon manipulates the colon from outside the organ so that a second doctor can get to the hard-to-reach polyp and remove it from inside the colon via colonoscopy. This team procedure, called "laparoscopic-assisted colonoscopy with polypectomy," eliminates the need for a surgeon to remove the entire section of the colon that contains the polyp, a procedure called "laparoscopic hemicolectomy." A clinical trial comparing the new and old procedures found that laparoscopic-assisted colonoscopy is as safe and effective as surgery to remove part of the colon, but results in shorter hospital stays and less harm done to patients, said lead ... Read more

Related support groups: Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

Too Much Sitting Tied to Higher Risk of Colon Polyps in Men

Posted 28 Oct 2013 by

MONDAY, Oct. 28 – Men who are more sedentary face a higher risk of recurring colon polyps, according to a new study, even if these men break up their downtime with bouts of recreational activities such as walking, jogging or golf. This suggests that extended inactivity is itself a risk factor for noncancerous colon polyps, benign tumors that can give rise to colorectal cancer, the researchers said. Known as "colorectal adenomas," these polyps typically can be removed after being identified during a colorectal cancer screening, such as a colonoscopy. The recurrence of such polyps, however, seems to be greater among men (but not women) who are relatively less active. The researchers looked at activity levels among more than 1,700 men and women, and found that the more leisurely the men's lifestyle, the greater their risk for precancerous polyps. Men who spent 11 or more hours a day in ... Read more

Related support groups: Colorectal Cancer, Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

Calcium May Cut Risk for Precancerous Colon Lesions in Some People

Posted 10 Apr 2013 by

WEDNESDAY, April 10 – Consuming higher amounts of calcium may lower the likelihood of precancerous colon and rectal lesions in people who are at increased risk due to variations in two genes, a new study suggests. High calcium intake did not affect risk in people without the genetic variations. The findings may help explain inconsistent results in previous research about the link between calcium intake and the risk for these lesions, called colorectal adenomas, the researchers said. They also said the findings may help identify patients who would benefit from calcium supplements or higher levels of calcium in their diet. The study of nearly 6,000 people in Tennessee found that patients with the highest calcium intake had no reduced risk for colorectal adenomas if they had no variations in two genes – KCNJ1 and SLC12A1 – that are essential in calcium reabsorption in the kidneys. ... Read more

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Patients Prefer More Invasive Form of Colon Scan: Study

Posted 22 May 2012 by

TUESDAY, May 22 – Patients undergoing colonoscopies frequently complain about having the procedure, which involves threading a camera through the colon to detect precancerous or cancerous growths. But a new study has found that patients overwhelmingly preferred colonoscopy to the less invasive and less time-consuming CT-based colon scan. Colonoscopy has long been the standard of care for colon cancer screening. Computed tomography (CT) colonography – sometimes called "virtual colonoscopy" – is a newer technology and involves simply scanning the abdomen to look for abnormalities. Colon cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world but can largely be prevented with adequate screening. For this study, 90 patients at average risk for colon cancer underwent CT colonography followed by a colonoscopy within the following two hours. They then answered 13 questions regarding their ... Read more

Related support groups: Colonoscopy, Colorectal Cancer, Computed Tomography, Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

Colonoscopy May Detect Curable Cancer in Elderly: Study

Posted 22 May 2012 by

TUESDAY, May 22 – Colonoscopies helped doctors detect a high rate of curable cancer in elderly people who had the screening for the first time, a new study indicates. The findings suggest that screenings should be made available to otherwise healthy elderly people who have never been tested, Dr. Therese Kerwel, research fellow at Grand Rapids Medical Education Partners, and colleagues from Spectrum Health Medical Group in Grand Rapids, Mich., concluded. For the study, the investigators examined information on 903 outpatient colonoscopies among elderly patients. Specifically, they investigated why these people, aged 76 to 85, underwent a colonoscopy and analyzed the results of the screenings. The study revealed that patients who had never had a colonoscopy before had a cancer rate of 9.4 percent, much higher than those who had had the procedure before. The findings are scheduled for ... Read more

Related support groups: Colonoscopy, Colorectal Cancer, Diagnosis and Investigation, Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

Middle-Aged Diabetics May Need Earlier Colon Checks

Posted 22 May 2012 by

TUESDAY, May 22 – Researchers who say they've linked type 2 diabetes with earlier development of precancerous colon lesions recommend people with the blood sugar disorder start colorectal screenings at a younger age than others. "Based on our data, it implies that people with diabetes should get screenings earlier, possibly at age 40, rather than at age 50," said Dr. Hongha Vu, a clinical gastroenterology fellow at Washington University in St. Louis. However, another expert said more research is needed before making that recommendation. Also, the researchers cautioned that they can't say for sure that diabetes by itself raises the risk of the precancerous lesions and further study is required. Experts know that diabetes is linked with an increased risk of colon and other cancers. Vu's team set out to determine if people with diabetes develop precancerous lesions, also called polyps or ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Colorectal Cancer, Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

Blacks, Hispanics Have Higher Colon Polyp Risk Than Previously Thought

Posted 15 May 2012 by

TUESDAY, May 15 – Black and Hispanic Americans are far more likely than whites to develop precancerous colorectal polyps, a new study finds. Researchers analyzed data from more than 5,000 men and women aged 50 and older who had a first-time colonoscopy screening at New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia University Medical Center in New York City between 2006 and 2010. None of the patients had signs or symptoms of colorectal (colon) cancer at the time of the screening. At least one precancerous polyp was detected in 26 percent of blacks, 22 percent of Hispanics and 19 percent of whites. The findings run counter to current statistics showing that Hispanics have a lower rate of colon cancer than whites, and adds to recent evidence that the rate of colorectal cancer among Hispanics may be increasing as they adopt more mainstream American lifestyle habits, the researchers said. The study ... Read more

Related support groups: Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

Eating Fish May Help Ward Off Colon Polyps in Women

Posted 17 Feb 2012 by

FRIDAY, Feb. 17 – Eating at least three servings of fish a week may reduce women's risk of developing some types of colon polyps, according to a new study. Colon polyps are small growths on the intestinal lining that may develop into cancer. Previous research has suggested a link between inflammation and formation of colon polyps. Omega-3 fats in fish may reduce inflammation and help protect against the development of colon polyps, according to the researchers at the Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center in Nashville, Tenn.. Their study of more than 5,300 people found that women who ate at least three servings of fish a week were 33 percent less likely to develop colon polyps, and also had lower levels of an inflammation-related hormone called prostaglandin E2. "That was the aspect of the study we were particularly excited about because prostaglandin E2 is known to be associated with ... Read more

Related support groups: Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

Cancer Patients Should Ask Doctors to Use Simple Terms

Posted 28 Sep 2011 by

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 28 – Cancer patients are often faced with many difficult-to-understand treatment choices that can have serious side effects and even mean the difference between life and death. That's why it's crucial that patients insist doctors use plain language in explaining the options, advised Angela Fagerlin, an associate professor of internal medicine at the University of Michigan Medical School and a researcher at the U-M Comprehensive Cancer Center. "People are making life and death decisions that may affect their survival and they need to know what they're getting themselves into. Cancer treatments and tests can be serious. Patients need to know what kind of side effects they might experience as a result of the treatment they undergo," Fagerlin said in a university news release. She and her colleagues outlined a number of tips to help patients get the information they need ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Provera, Depo-Provera, Methotrexate, Breast Cancer, Accutane, Lupron, Prostate Cancer, Tamoxifen, Medroxyprogesterone, Arimidex, Femara, Tretinoin, Lupron Depot, Gleevec, Lung Cancer, Fluorouracil, Rituxan, Colorectal Cancer, Renal Cell Carcinoma

High-Fiber Diet Might Lower Risk for Colon Polyps

Posted 9 Aug 2011 by

TUESDAY, Aug. 9 – People who regularly eat legumes, brown rice, cooked green vegetables and dried fruit have a reduced risk of colon polyps, a precursor to colon cancer. That's the finding of California researchers who analyzed data from 2,818 people who were followed for 26 years. During that time, 441 cases of rectal/colon polyps were detected among the participants. The risk of polyps was 40 percent lower among those who ate brown rice at least once a week and 33 percent lower among those who eat legumes (a class of vegetables that includes beans, peas and lentils) at least three times a week, the Loma Linda University team found. Eating dried fruit three times or more a week, compared to less than once a week, was associated with a 26 percent reduced risk. Eating cooked green vegetables once a day or more, vs. less than five times a week, was associated with a 24 percent reduced ... Read more

Related support groups: Colorectal Cancer, Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

Fewer Cancer Patients May Be Depressed Than Thought

Posted 20 Jan 2011 by

THURSDAY, Jan. 20 – The rate of depression among cancer patients may be lower than previously believed, a new study indicates. An international team of researchers analyzed 94 studies involving more than 14,000 patients and found that about one-sixth of cancer patients suffer depression and about one-third have a more widely defined mood disorder. Only modest rates of depression and anxiety occurred in cancer patients in the first five years after diagnosis, which suggests that depression is not inevitable in these patients, the researchers said. Only when it was combined with other mood disorders was depression common, occurring in 30 percent of hospitalized cancer patients. The study is published online Jan. 19 in The Lancet Oncology. Rates of depression and anxiety were not significantly different between patients receiving palliative care (care designed to ease pain and increase ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Renal Cell Carcinoma, Basal Cell Carcinoma, Breast Cancer, Metastatic, Brain Tumor, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Pancreatic Cancer, Melanoma, Skin Cancer, Ovarian Cancer, Endometrial Cancer, Breast Cancer - Adjuvant, Osteosarcoma, Cervical Cancer, Melanoma - Metastatic, Stomach Cancer

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