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Many People Misuse Devices for Asthma, Allergic Reaction

Posted 2 days 3 hours ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 18, 2014 – Few people know how to properly use the medical devices that contain lifesaving medications for severe allergic reactions and asthma attacks, a new study shows. Just 16 percent knew the correct way to use an epinephrine injector for someone with a life-threatening allergy. And only 7 percent knew how to use an asthma inhaler as directed. "This isn't a new concern. We always worry about our patients, especially those with food allergies," said one of the study's authors, Dr. Aasia Ghazi, from the Allergy and Asthma Specialists of Dallas. "We had a patient call in the middle of a reaction, and she didn't remember how to use the epinephrine injector. That's why we looked to see what's going on, and what are the barriers that keep patients from using these devices properly?" Ghazi explained. The study was published online Dec. 18 in the Annals of Allergy, Asthma ... Read more

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Study Questions Safety of Adrenaline Shots for Cardiac Arrest

Posted 17 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 1, 2014 – A shot of adrenaline can jumpstart a heart that's stopped beating and save a life – think of Uma Thurman in "Pulp Fiction," near death from overdose and rescued by a hypodermic needle to the chest. But adrenaline might also harm those it helps, says a new study from France. Four out of five people who receive adrenaline to restart their heart end up suffering significant damage to brain function, the researchers found. The same level of brain damage occurs in only one-third of patients whose hearts restarted without help from adrenaline. Further, chances of brain damage increased with the amount of adrenaline that patients received, the researchers reported in the Dec. 2 online edition of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. These findings should prompt a search for a better alternative to adrenaline, which also is called epinephrine, said Dr. ... Read more

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Experts Urge Quick Use of Epinephrine for Severe Allergic Reactions

Posted 18 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 2, 2014 – People having a severe allergic reaction need immediate treatment with the medication epinephrine, newly released guidelines say. But, not all medical personnel are aware of the importance of epinephrine, according to the guideline authors. A severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) caused by food, latex or an insect sting can lead to throat swelling, breathing problems, heart attack and even death. Epinephrine can halt that severe allergic reaction. There is virtually no reason not to use epinephrine on people believed to be suffering a severe allergic reaction, according to the guidelines from the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI). "Since emergency department physicians are often the first to see patients who are suffering from anaphylaxis, it's especially important that they not only correctly diagnose the problem, but understand that ... Read more

Related support groups: Allergies, Epinephrine, Anaphylaxis, EpiPen, Primatene Mist, Adrenalin, EpiPen Jr, Asthmahaler, Primatene Mist Inhaler, EpiPen 2-Pak, Bronchial Mist with Pump, EpiPen JR Auto-Injector, Bronkaid Mist, Auvi-Q, Sus-Phrine Injection, Adrenalin Chloride, EpiPen Auto-Injector, Twinject Auto-Injector, EpiPen JR 2-Pak, Bronitin

Schools With EpiPens Save Lives, Study Says

Posted 7 Nov 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Nov. 7, 2014 – Keeping supplies of epinephrine in schools saves lives, a new study finds. Epinephrine injections are given when someone suffers a life-threatening allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) to food or an insect sting. This study found that stocked emergency epinephrine was used on 35 children and three adults who suffered anaphylaxis in Chicago Public Schools during the 2012-13 school year. The drug was administered by a school nurse in three-quarters of the cases. Sixty-three percent of the incidents occurred in elementary schools and 37 percent in high schools. The most common causes of food-related anaphylaxis were peanuts (55 percent) and fish such as salmon, tuna and flounder (13 percent). The findings were scheduled for presentation Friday at the annual meeting of the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology in Atlanta. "We were surprised to see that of ... Read more

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Medicines Are Biggest Culprit in Fatal Allergic Reactions: Study

Posted 10 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 9, 2014 – Although food allergies have garnered a lot of attention lately, a new study reports that medications are actually the biggest cause of sudden deaths related to allergy. Over a little more than a decade, nearly 60 percent of the allergy-related deaths were caused by medications, while less than 7 percent were caused by food allergies, the study found. "Medications can be dangerous," said study researcher Dr. Elina Jerschow, director of the Drug Allergy Center at Montefiore Medical Center and assistant professor of medicine at Albert Einstein College of Medicine, in New York City. While research from other countries has reported medications as a major culprit in anaphylaxis-related deaths, Jerschow said, the problem has been less defined in the United States. One reason is that there is no national registry for anaphylaxis deaths, she said. The study was ... Read more

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More Schools Stocking Shots That Counter Serious Allergic Reactions

Posted 19 Sep 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 19, 2014 – More states are passing legislation permitting or requiring schools to stock the medication epinephrine to use for any child having a severe allergic reaction. Epinephrine auto-injectors are the primary treatment for "anaphylaxis," an allergic reaction that can lead to throat swelling, breathing difficulties, a steep drop in blood pressure and even death. In people with severe allergies to certain foods, such as peanuts or tree nuts, insect venom or certain drugs, anaphylaxis can occur within moments of exposure to the allergen, explained Dr. Scott Sicherer, a professor of pediatrics, allergy and immunology at the Jaffe Food Allergy Institute at Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York City. But if given soon enough, epinephrine can halt the anaphylactic reaction, saving the child's life, Sicherer said. "An anaphylactic reaction can progress rapidly and can ... Read more

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Stocking Epinephrine in Schools Might Save Lives

Posted 17 Jan 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Jan. 17, 2014 – As a pediatrician at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio, Dr. Sarah Denny has seen her share of the life-threatening reactions that can happen with food allergies. That didn't make it any less scary when her son Liam, then 18 months old, drank soy milk and was soon covered in hives and having trouble breathing. Moments later, he was unconscious. She called 911 while her husband jabbed their son in the thigh with an epinephrine pen. "I could hear sirens on the way to us," Denny recalled. "I'm holding Liam out on the curb, and my medical brain kicked in. I thought, 'I need to be doing chest compressions.' " She didn't have to – the epinephrine quickly took effect. On the way to the hospital, her son woke up. Fifteen minutes later he was smiling and talking again. "Epinephrine works very quickly. As long as you give it soon enough, it can reverse a ... Read more

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Certain COPD Meds Might Raise Heart Risks, Study Says

Posted 20 May 2013 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 20 – Long-acting inhaled medications used by millions of people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may raise the risk of cardiovascular complications among older patients, a new large Canadian study reveals. The finding centers around patients over age 65 who are prescribed long-acting bronchodilators – either anticholinergics (such as Spiriva) or beta-agonists (such as Serevent). Both medications are commonly used to relieve the shortness of breath that characterizes moderate to severe COPD and to improve lung function. The team found that compared with patients who do not use either medication, those using either of these bronchodilators face a notably higher risk for experiencing a cardiac event, such as heart attack or heart failure. "The bad news is that, although everybody's different, there's a chance that by using these long-acting bronchodilators ... Read more

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Many Allergic to Fire Ant's Sting Don't Get Preventive Shots

Posted 4 Mar 2013 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 4 – For some people, a sting from the ubiquitous fire ant can provoke potentially severe reactions, but a new study finds that only one-third of people with such allergies get shots that can ease the danger. "Patients are fearful of the injections, and often feel that the time investment will never pay off in the long run," said one expert, Dr. Robert Glatter, an emergency medicine physician at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. Allergy shots to protect against fire ant stings are typically given monthly to provide the best protection. This treatment has been shown to prevent allergy progression and to reduce the risk of anaphylaxis, a severe allergic reaction that can be deadly. However, "the time commitment is significant and typically involves monthly injections over a 3- to 5-year period," said Glatter, who was not involved in the new study. So, despite the ... Read more

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Allergy 'Rescue' Shots May Work Better in Lower Thigh of Overweight Kids

Posted 25 Feb 2013 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 25 – In overweight and obese children who suffer a severe allergic reaction, it may be more effective to inject epinephrine into the lower thigh rather than the upper thigh, according to a new study. Epinephrine is a medication used when a person has a serious, life-threatening allergic reaction called anaphylaxis. Epinephrine typically comes in a single-dose, pre-filled automatic injection device that is jabbed into the thigh. "Delivering epinephrine into the muscle allows for more rapid absorption and leads to higher blood levels than if it's injected into the overlying fat," study first author Dr. Peter Arkwright said in an American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology news release. "Considering the rising obesity rates in children, there is concern that epinephrine autoinjectors will not adequately deliver the medication in overweight children who may be ... Read more

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Son's Real-Life Drama Leads Comedy Queen to Medical Role

Posted 26 Sep 2012 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 26 – Actress Julie Bowen, awarded her second Emmy Sunday for her role in the hit TV comedy "Modern Family," starts a more serious role today: raising awareness about life-threatening childhood allergies. The two-time best supporting actress in a comedy series and mother of three knows firsthand about potentially fatal allergic reactions (anaphylaxis). Her oldest son, Oliver Phillips, was 2 years old when he developed anaphylaxis in reaction to the double-whammy exposure of a bee sting coupled with a bit of peanut butter. "We had no reason to suspect we might have a problem. He had had peanuts before. And he had always been fine," the Baltimore native explained. "But then one day we found out that, no, he's not." Almost immediately, Oliver's face swelled dramatically. Other symptoms of anaphylaxis include chest pain; hives; breathing difficulties; tightening of the ... Read more

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More Vigilance Needed to Protect Kids With Food Allergies

Posted 25 Jun 2012 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 25 – Many young children who are allergic to milk, eggs and peanuts have serious reactions after accidental exposures caused by misread labels, cross-contact between foods or mistakes in food preparation, a new study finds. The reactions occur in spite of parents being aware of the allergies and educated about the potential seriousness of them – a finding that experts say highlights the need for even greater vigilance to protect children from life-threatening exposures. "The rate of reaction was higher than most of us would have anticipated," said Dr. James Fagin, director of the Pediatric Asthma Center at Cohen Children's Hospital of New York, who was not involved with the research. "It tells us we are not doing a good enough job educating the families about food allergies and avoidance techniques." The study tracked more than 500 infants with food allergies aged 3 ... Read more

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Seniors Undertreated for Asthma, and Many Skip Inhalers: Study

Posted 1 May 2012 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 1 – Asthma often is misdiagnosed and undertreated in older people, with only 53 percent of those with asthma using prescribed inhalers, a small new study suggests. The study included 77 people, including people both with and without asthma, who were over age 60. Of those with asthma, 89 percent also had allergies to mold, animals or dust mites. The asthma patients were more likely than those without asthma to have hay fever, arthritis, diabetes, higher levels of pain and poor general health than those without asthma. The study appears in the May issue of the journal Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. "Those with asthma reported more infections, physician visits and impact on health, yet only half are regularly treating the disease," lead author and allergist Dr. Andrew Smith said in a journal news release. "Patients should regularly carry and take prescribed asthma ... Read more

Related support groups: Asthma, Albuterol, Symbicort, Spiriva, Asthma - Maintenance, Fluticasone, Ventolin, Advair Diskus, Asthma - Acute, Epinephrine, Qvar, Combivent, Flovent, Advair HFA, Xopenex, Budesonide, Entocort, Dulera, ProAir HFA, Mometasone

Some Schools Don't Let Kids Carry Asthma Inhalers

Posted 27 Apr 2012 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, April 27 – Although all 50 states have laws that allow children with asthma to carry inhalers at school and 48 states have laws that let youngsters carry epinephrine pens for serious allergies, experts say that some kids are still being denied access to these lifesaving medications during the school day. "Every school district handles this a little bit different, and for those who don't allow children to carry their medications, I think may be due to a lack of knowledge. School officials may not appreciate the risk that having epinephrine pens and inhalers in a locked office, instead of with the child, can pose," said Maureen George, an assistant professor at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing in Philadelphia. "Fewer than 200 children die each year from asthma in the U.S. That number is low, but those deaths are preventable. And it's a double tragedy when you lose ... Read more

Related support groups: Asthma, Albuterol, Ventolin, Epinephrine, Xopenex, ProAir HFA, Anaphylaxis, Proventil, EpiPen, Primatene Mist, Salmeterol, Ventolin HFA, Maxair, Alupent, Terbutaline, Formoterol, Brovana, Proventil HFA, Adrenalin, Maxair Autohaler

Rapid Asthma Treatment in ER May Prevent Admission

Posted 6 Apr 2012 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, April 6 – Rapid treatment with asthma medications seems to help reduce hospitalizations among children with asthma, a new study finds. Canadian researchers analyzed data from 406 children and found that those with moderate or severe asthma attacks who received systemic corticosteroids within 75 minutes of arriving at a hospital emergency department were 16 percent less likely to be admitted to the hospital. Corticosteroids reduce inflammation. The findings illustrate the importance of rapidly identifying and treating children with asthma when they arrive at an emergency department, the researchers said. The study was recently published online in the journal Annals of Emergency Medicine. "We knew that corticosteroids could help avoid hospital admissions and relapses. However, just how delays between emergency department admission and administration of the treatment impacted ... Read more

Related support groups: Asthma, Albuterol, Symbicort, Spiriva, Fluticasone, Ventolin, Advair Diskus, Asthma - Acute, Epinephrine, Qvar, Combivent, Flovent, Advair HFA, Xopenex, Budesonide, Entocort, Dulera, ProAir HFA, Mometasone, Ipratropium

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