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Kids of Older Moms May Have a Leg Up on Their Peers

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, April 29, 2016 – Although older women may face more potential pregnancy complications, their children seem to fare better in some ways over the long run, a new study suggests. Using data on over 1.5 million Swedish adults, researchers found that people born to mothers who were in their late-30s or 40s tended to be taller, fitter and more educated than those born to younger moms. But, that doesn't guarantee that being born to an older mother means a person will be fitter, taller or more likely to aspire to a higher education. This study can only show an association between those factors. People are choosing to give birth at later ages, the study authors said. For example, in Germany and the United Kingdom, the average age at first birth is 30 years old. And in Sweden in 2013, more than one-quarter of babies were born to women 35 and older, the report noted. A woman who gives ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Delivery, Premature Labor, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Two Genes May Raise Odds for Fraternal Twin Pregnancies

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 28, 2016 – Although it's long been known that fraternal twins run in families, researchers say they've just pinpointed two genes that seem to be associated with having such twins. Fraternal twins occur when two separate eggs are fertilized with two separate sperm, creating two genetically unique children in the same pregnancy. One gene variant – called FSHB – increased the odds of having twins by 18 percent, according to the study. FSHB is associated with higher levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), which increases the likelihood that a woman's ovaries will release multiple eggs at the same time. And, multiple eggs boost the odds that more than one egg will get fertilized at the same time, the researchers explained. The second genetic variant – SMAD3 – upped the odds of fraternal twins by 9 percent, the study found. SMAD3 likely plays a role in how the ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Female Infertility, Delivery, Ovulation Induction, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Primary Ovarian Failure, Labor Pain, Follicle Stimulation, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Mild Air Pollution of Concern in Pregnancy

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 28, 2016 – Being exposed to just a small amount of air pollution during pregnancy ups the risk of a pregnancy complication that can cause long-term health problems in children, a new study warns. "This study raises the concern that even current standards for air pollution may not be strict enough to protect the fetus, which may be particularly sensitive to environmental factors," said study author Rebecca Massa Nachman. She is a postdoctoral fellow at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore. "We found biological effects in women exposed to air pollution levels below the EPA standard," she added in a school news release. The researchers found that the greater a pregnant woman's exposure to air pollution, the more likely she was to develop a condition called intrauterine inflammation. This condition is a leading cause of premature birth. It also ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Postpartum Bleeding, Apnea of Prematurity, Nausea/Vomiting of Pregnancy, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Births of Triplets, Quadruplets on Decline in U.S.: Report

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 28, 2016 – Since 1998, births of three or more babies at once have fallen by more than 40 percent in the United States, new government statistics reveal. Moreover, declines of 50 percent or more were seen in certain states, and among women aged 25 and older, according to the report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). The falloff appears to be connected to changes in infertility treatments, which result in multiple births far less often now compared with the 1980s and 1990s, experts said. "This is a very positive development because the risk for moms and babies will be lower," said Dr. Tomer Singer. He is director of reproductive endocrinology and infertility at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. "We'll have healthier babies born closer to term and fewer health complications related to prematurity – ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Delivery, Labor Induction, Cervical Ripening, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

1 in 4 Hospitalized Newborns Gets Heartburn Drugs, Despite Risks

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 27, 2016 – Despite reported risks, nearly one in four infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) are given stomach acid-suppressing drugs, researchers report. However, they noted that the use of these medications has started to decline some in recent years. A number of studies have linked the use of stomach acid-suppressing drugs in hospitalized high-risk infants with infections, necrotizing enterocolitis (a serious disease where intestinal tissue begins to die off) and increased risk of death, the researchers said. These drugs include histamine-2 receptor antagonists such as ranitidine (Zantac), and proton pump inhibitors such as esomeprazole (Nexium). Researchers at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio, analyzed data from 43 children's hospitals across the United States from 2006 to 2013. They found that nearly 24 percent of roughly 122,000 newborns ... Read more

Related support groups: Omeprazole, Nexium, Prilosec, Protonix, Zantac, Pantoprazole, Ranitidine, Dexilant, Prevacid, Lansoprazole, Pepcid, Delivery, Aciphex, Famotidine, Heartburn Relief, Zegerid, Zantac 150, Rabeprazole, Esomeprazole, Vimovo

U.S. Health Report Card Finds Racial, Ethnic Disparities Persist

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 27, 2016 – A report card on Americans' health finds that racial and ethnic disparities persist, with significant gaps in obesity, cesarean births and dental care. But advances have been made in some important areas, including infant death rates, women smokers and numbers of uninsured, according to a new report from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. "We have seen important improvements in some health measures for racial and ethnic minority populations since ... 1985," said Dr. J. Nadine Gracia, deputy assistant secretary for minority health and director of the HHS Office of Minority Health. "While there has been significant progress in our journey toward health equity, disparities still exist and we must remain vigilant in our efforts to end health disparities in America," Gracia added in an agency news release. The 39th annual report on the nation's ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy

Music Might Give Babies' Language Skills a Boost

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 25, 2016 – Can listening to music boost your baby's brainpower? Maybe, at least in specific ways. A new study suggests that listening to music with a waltz-like rhythm – a difficult form of rhythm for infants to comprehend – and tapping out the beats with their parents improved babies' processing of music patterns and speech sounds. "Actively participating in music may be another important experience that can influence infants' brain development and help them learn," said study lead author T. Christina Zhao. She's a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Washington in Seattle. However, the researchers said that it's not clear how long the effect of listening to music may last or how much exposure to music is needed to make improvements in music- and speech-pattern processing. Previous research – known popularly as the "Mozart effect" – on how music in early ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Postpartum Bleeding, Cervical Ripening, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Fewer Children May Explain Why More Women Now Outlive Men

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 25, 2016 – Smaller families may be one reason why women now outlive men, a new study suggests. Researchers analyzed data from 140,600 people in Utah and found that men who were born in the early to mid-1800s lived an average of two years longer than women born at the same time. This difference gradually reversed, and women born in the early 1900s lived an average of four years longer than men, the findings showed. At the same time, the number of children per woman fell from an average of over eight in the early 1800s to just over four in the early 1900s. In addition, the investigators found that women who had 15 children or more lived an average of six years less than those with only one child. There was no association between the number of children fathered by men and their life span, according to the study published recently in the journal Scientific Reports. The ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Delivery, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Female Pelvis Widens, Then Shrinks Over a Lifetime, Study Finds

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 25, 2016 – A woman's pelvic structure keeps adapting over her lifetime – first widening to accommodate childbirth, then later narrowing, a new study suggests. The researchers said their findings challenge the idea that a woman's pelvis is set in stone. Some scientists have proposed that the female pelvis was "programmed by evolution for childbirth," explained lead researcher Marcia Ponce de Leon. At the same time, it was thought that the male pelvis may change its developmental course starting around puberty, in response to rising testosterone levels. "Our study shows the contrary," said Ponce de Leon, a researcher at the University of Zurich, in Switzerland. The male pelvis, she explained, seems to take on a genetically determined path in its development. Meanwhile, the female pelvis adapts over a lifetime – possibly in response to estrogen. The researchers based their ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Postpartum Bleeding, Cervical Ripening, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Babies Fed Rice-Based Cereals Have Higher Arsenic Levels, Study Finds

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 25, 2016 – Parents commonly give rice to their babies as a first food. Now, researchers say infants fed rice-based foods may have significantly higher "inorganic" arsenic concentrations in their urine than babies who never eat rice. The highest arsenic concentrations were found in infants who frequently ate baby rice cereal, with levels more than three times that of babies who didn't eat rice, the study reports. Babies who ate foods mixed with rice or rice-based snacks had arsenic levels nearly double those of non-rice eaters, according to the report published April 25 in the journal JAMA Pediatrics. "The arsenic in their urine increased with the number of servings of rice or rice-containing food," said lead researcher Margaret Karagas, chair of epidemiology at Dartmouth University's Geisel School of Medicine in Hanover, N.H. It's still unclear what health effects these ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Postpartum Bleeding, Labor Pain, Apnea of Prematurity, Arsenic Trioxide, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Trisenox, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Turning Blue Temporarily Sometimes Normal for Babies, Doctors Say

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 25, 2016 – It's a heart-stopping moment experienced by many parents – they discover their baby has turned blue, is breathing irregularly, or won't respond to a gentle wake-up nudge. Yet, mere seconds later the infant is back to normal. Fortunately, these events are less dire than one might think. But they're also more common, an expert panel from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) concluded. The AAP panel has coined a new term for these events, to reflect the fact that they are rarely associated with a serious underlying medical problem. The new term, "brief resolved unexplained events" or BRUE, replaces the previous term, "apparent life-threatening events" or ALTE, said Dr. Joel Tieder, lead author of the new AAP clinical practice guideline. Tieder is an associate professor of medicine at Seattle Children's Hospital. A BRUE is transient in nature, and has no clear ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Teen Moms May Ignore Advice for Helping Babies Sleep Safely

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 21, 2016 – Teen mothers may not be following recommendations meant to reduce the risk of SIDS in their infants, a small study finds. The study included 43 teen mothers with infants aged 2 months to 21 months. The mothers were recruited from high school daycare centers in Colorado. Most of the mothers knew about SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome) and preventive measures, such as not sleeping with their infants and not placing blankets and pillows in the baby's sleeping area. Despite knowing about the safety recommendations, many of the mothers ignored them, the researchers said. The most common reasons for doing so included mothers believing that babies slept better and were safest in bed with them, and concern that babies would be cold and less comfortable without blankets, the findings showed. All of the mothers said they thought their instincts were more reliable ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Health Tip: Why Are Some Babies Born Bigger?

Posted 13 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

-- No two babies seem exactly the same size when born. So what causes some babies to be born much larger than others? The American Academy of Pediatrics says contributing factors include: Having a pregnancy that lasts longer or shorter than the normal 40 weeks. Overstimulated growth in the uterus during gestation. Genetic differences. The mother's weight during pregnancy. The ethnic background of the mother. The number of previous pregnancies. Alcohol use or substance abuse during pregnancy. Health conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease, kidney disease or high blood pressure. Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Cervical Ripening, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Study Sees No Link Between Common Epilepsy Drug, Certain Birth Defects

Posted 6 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 6, 2016 – Despite initial concern from early studies, taking the epilepsy drug lamotrigine (Lamictal) during pregnancy may not raise the risk for certain birth defects, a large new study finds. "An initial study of this drug showed an increased risk for cleft lip or cleft palate, but a number of other studies since have not, and our previous study showed an increased risk of clubfoot," said study author Helen Dolk, of Ulster University, in Northern Ireland. However, the new study, which had "a much larger population size – more than double the size of our previous study" – has found no significant links, Dolk said in a news release from the journal Neurology. The research, funded by the drug's maker, Glaxo Smith Kline, was published April 6 in the journal. In addition to being prescribed to control epileptic seizures, lamotrigine is used to prevent mood swings in ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Seizures, Lamictal, Epilepsy, Lamotrigine, Seizure Prevention, Delivery, Lamictal XR, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Premature Labor, Seizure Prophylaxis, Lamictal Blue, Lamictal Orange, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Labor Pain, Lamictal CD, Lamictal ODT, Cesarean Section, Lamictal Green

FDA Suggests Limit for Arsenic in Infant Rice Cereal

Posted 2 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, April 1, 2016 – A proposed limit on "inorganic" arsenic in infant rice cereal was announced Friday by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Infant rice cereal is a leading source of arsenic exposure in babies, the agency said, since arsenic can find its way into rice from natural sources or from fertilizers and pesticides. The proposed limit is 100 parts per billion, which is similar to the level set by the European Commission for rice used in the production of food for infants and young children. Most infant rice cereal currently sold in the United States either meets, or is close to, the FDA's proposed limit, the agency said. "Our actions are driven by our duty to protect the public health and our careful analysis of the data and the emerging science," said Susan Mayne, director of the FDA's Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. "The proposed limit is a prudent and ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Labor Induction, Labor Pain, Arsenic Trioxide, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Trisenox, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

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