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Related terms: Brain Cancer, Brain Tumor, metastatic, Cancer, Brain, Intracranial Tumors

Harnessing the Power of the Poliovirus as a Cancer Cure

Posted 31 Mar 2015 by

Polio, a highly infectious and crippling disease, was certainly one of the most feared viruses in the 20th century. Each year, thousands of children were left paralyzed. Polio has been successfully eliminated in the U.S. for decades due to a widespread vaccine program. So why would a group of researchers be interested in injecting the poliovirus directly into the brain of a patient? Clinical trials are now ongoing and research is revisiting the poliovirus in new and hopeful ways, ironically to help battle deadly cancers. Glioblastoma multiforme is one of the most common and fatal brain cancers. Gliobastomas are aggressive tumors that occur in the brain or spinal cord leading to headaches, nausea, seizures, blurred vision and a host of other unpleasant effects. The tumors grow quickly and often leave patients with only months to live. Treatments for glioblastoma involve surgery to ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Brain Tumor, Glioblastoma Multiforme, Malignant Glioma

Privately Insured Brain Tumor Patients May Fare Better

Posted 9 Mar 2015 by

MONDAY, March 9, 2015 – Brain tumor patients with private health insurance do better than those who have Medicaid coverage or are uninsured, a new study finds. Researchers analyzed data from more than a half-million brain tumor-related hospitalizations in the United States between 2002 and 2011. Compared to uninsured or Medicaid patients, those with private insurance had fewer medical complications and were less likely to develop new health problems in the hospital. They also had shorter hospital stays and were 25 percent less likely to die while in the hospital, the researchers found. Patients with private health insurance were also less likely to end up in a nursing home, rehabilitation center or hospice after leaving the hospital, according to the study recently published online in the journal Neurosurgery. By the time brain tumor patients are hospitalized, much has already occurred ... Read more

Related support groups: Brain Tumor

New Techniques Outline Tumors' Location in the Brain

Posted 15 Feb 2015 by

FRIDAY, Feb. 13, 2015 – Brain tumors are notoriously tricky for surgeons, who may leave too much cancerous tissue behind or cut into vital, healthy brain tissue. However, two new studies describe devices that help surgeons and nonsurgical physicians better understand the outline and location of cancerous tissue in the brain, potentially improving outcomes for patients. One device, a handheld fiber optic probe, could help surgeons see cancer cells lying at the margins of brain tumors in real time, so they can be removed with more accuracy. The other device is a PET scan that allows doctors to gauge the size and area of a brain tumor. Seeing the outlines of tumors more accurately might help physicians better assess the benefits of chemotherapy or radiation treatment, the researchers explained. Both studies came as welcome news to experts. "We are always happy to see new research that is ... Read more

Related support groups: Surgery, Brain Tumor, Diagnosis and Investigation

Use of 'the Pill' Tied to Higher Risk for Rare Brain Cancer

Posted 22 Jan 2015 by

THURSDAY, Jan. 22, 2015 – The risk for developing a rare form of brain cancer known as glioma appears to go up with long-term use of hormonal contraceptives such as the Pill, new Danish research suggests. Women under 50 with a glioma "were 90 percent more likely to have been using hormonal contraceptives for five years or more, compared with women from the general population with no history of brain tumor," said study leader Dr. David Gaist. However, the Danish study couldn't prove cause-and-effect, and Gaist stressed that the findings "need to be put in context" for women because "glioma is very rare." How rare? Only five out of every 100,000 Danish women between the ages of 15 and 49 develop the condition each year, according to Gaist, a professor of neurology at Odense University Hospital. He said that figure includes women who take contraceptives such as the birth control pill. So, ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Plan B, Contraception, Sprintec, Mirena, NuvaRing, Implanon, Provera, Depo-Provera, Tri-Sprintec, Yasmin, Nexplanon, Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Microgestin Fe 1/20, Ortho Evra, Loestrin 24 Fe, Lutera, TriNessa, Plan B One-Step, Mononessa

Aspirin Might Help Treat Brain Tumor Tied to Hearing Loss

Posted 30 Jan 2014 by

THURSDAY, Jan. 30, 2014 – Aspirin might slow the growth of a noncancerous type of brain tumor that can lead to hearing loss, ringing in the ears (tinnitus) and even death, according to new research. For the study, which was published in the February issue of the journal Otology and Neurotology, researchers examined data from nearly 700 people who were diagnosed with vestibular schwannomas (also called acoustic neuromas). There is no approved medication to treat these tumors, which grow on the nerves that connect the brain to the ears, the researchers said. Current treatment options include surgery or radiation therapy, both of which can cause serious complications, the researchers said. Their analysis revealed that the rate of tumor growth was slower in patients who took aspirin than in those who didn't take the drug. Age and gender did not affect the findings. "Our results suggest a ... Read more

Related support groups: Aspirin, Tinnitus, Brain Tumor, Ecotrin, Bayer Aspirin, Bufferin, Low Dose ASA, Aspergum, Buffered Aspirin, Ascriptin Enteric, Easprin, Aspir-Low, St Joseph Aspirin, Aspirin Low Strength, ZORprin, Fasprin, Zero-Order Release, Norwich Aspirin, Bayer Childrens Aspirin, Gennin-FC

Modified Polio Virus May Help Fight Brain Tumors, Study Suggests

Posted 23 May 2013 by

THURSDAY, May 23 – A modified version of the polio virus might one day help fight brain tumors, preliminary research suggests. Scientists at Duke Cancer Institute said the investigational therapy, known as PVSRIPO, uses an engineered form of the virus that is harmless to normal cells, but attacks cancer cells. The therapy shows promise in the treatment of glioblastoma, the most common and aggressive brain tumor, they said. "These early results are intriguing," principal investigator Dr. Annick Desjardins, an associate professor of medicine at Duke University School of Medicine, said in a news release. "Current therapies for glioblastoma are limited because they cannot cross the blood-brain barrier and often do not specifically attack the tumor. This treatment appears to overcome those problems." The findings are scheduled for presentation at the American Society of Clinical Oncology ... Read more

Related support groups: Brain Tumor, Poliomyelitis Prophylaxis

Gauging Brain Cancer Survival Time May Get Easier: Study

Posted 10 Apr 2013 by

WEDNESDAY, April 10 – Life expectancy of people with aggressive brain cancer may be easier to determine with a new method under development at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, researchers say. The UAB researchers found that patients with an overactive version of a specific enzyme live less than half as long as those with a less active version. This overactive enzyme can help predict how resistant the brain cancer will be to chemotherapy, and also help doctors arrive at treatment recommendations, the researchers said. In conducting the study, published April 10 in the journal PLoS ONE, the researchers examined tumors from 84 patients with a form of brain cancer known as glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). This deadly and aggressive cancer quickly becomes resistant to available treatments. With a combination of surgery, radiation and the chemotherapy drug temozolomide, patients with ... Read more

Related support groups: Brain Tumor, Glioblastoma Multiforme, Malignant Glioma, Anaplastic Oligodendroglioma, Anaplastic Astrocytoma, Angioblastoma

Brain Surgery Eases Compulsive Eating in 10-Year-Old Girl

Posted 9 Apr 2013 by

TUESDAY, April 9 – Removal of a rare type of benign brain tumor helped bring a young girl's compulsive eating under control, doctors report. The 10-year-old had what's known as a hypothalamic hamartoma – a tumor in or around the brain's hypothalamus. One of the symptoms of this type of tumor is extremely early (precocious) puberty, as well as compulsive eating and excessive weight gain. As reported online April 9 in the Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics, by age 10 the girl already weighed 227 pounds and was gaining an average of five more pounds each month. Medication and counseling did nothing to curb her overeating. Despite the fact that there was no record of it having been done before, neurosurgeons at the University of Texas-Houston and Children's Memorial Hermann Hospital in Houston decided to remove the girl's hypothalamic hamartoma in an effort to curb her overeating. The ... Read more

Related support groups: Eating Disorder, Brain Tumor

Scientists Link More Genes to Common Brain Tumor

Posted 24 Jan 2013 by

THURSDAY, Jan. 24 – Abnormalities in just five genes account for the majority of meningioma brain tumors, according to a new study. Meningiomas are the most common type of brain tumor. They are usually benign but are cancerous in about 10 percent of cases. Surgery is the only treatment for meningiomas, but this finding could help lead to new therapies tailored to individual patients, according to the study authors. Previous research found that about half of meningiomas were linked to a mutation or deletion of a gene called neurofibromin 2. The genetic origin of the other types of meningiomas was unknown. In this study, researchers analyzed samples from 300 meningiomas and found that abnormalities in four other genes are also linked to the brain tumors. Each of these genes tends to be associated with tumors in different areas of the brain. Location can indicate how likely meningiomas ... Read more

Related support groups: Brain Tumor

New Raccoon Virus May Offer Clues to Human Cancer

Posted 28 Dec 2012 by

FRIDAY, Dec. 28 – Rare brain tumors found in raccoons in Northern California and Oregon may be linked to a new virus, according to a new study. Researchers, led by scientists from the University of California, Davis, said their findings could shed light on how viruses cause cancer in both animals and humans. "Understanding how infectious agents may contribute to cancer in animals has provided fundamental new knowledge on the cause of cancer in people," Michael Lairmore, dean of the university's School of Veterinary Medicine, said in a university news release. Autopsies performed on raccoons beginning in March 2010 revealed 10 raccoons had brain tumors. Of these raccoons, nine were from Northern California. The additional raccoon was sent to the university by researchers at Oregon State University. All of the tumors found in these raccoons had a new virus, known as raccoon polyomavirus. ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Brain Tumor

FDA Approves Afinitor Disperz - First Drug Formulated for Children with Rare Brain Tumor

Posted 29 Aug 2012 by

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Afinitor Disperz (everolimus tablets for oral suspension), a new pediatric dosage form of the anti-cancer drug Afinitor (everolimus) used to treat a rare brain tumor called subependymal giant cell astrocytoma (SEGA). Afinitor Disperz is the first approved pediatric-specific dosage form developed for the treatment of a pediatric tumor. Afinitor Disperz is recommended to treat patients ages 1 year and older with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) who are diagnosed with SEGA that cannot be treated with surgery. Prior to approval of this new dosage form, Afinitor was recommended for use only in patients ages 3 years old and older. Afinitor was granted accelerated approval in 2010 to treat SEGA in patients with TSC. “Appropriate pediatric dosage forms, such as Afinitor Disperz, help to ensure the safe and effective use of oncology drugs in ... Read more

Related support groups: Brain Tumor, Afinitor, Everolimus

Gene Might Predict Brain Tumors' Aggressiveness

Posted 27 Aug 2012 by

MONDAY, Aug. 27 – A gene variant that increases the risk of certain types of brain tumors has been identified by U.S. researchers, who say their findings could help identify people at risk of developing these tumors and improve their treatment. The team found that people who carry a "G" instead of an "A" at a specific location in their genetic code have about a sixfold increased risk of developing certain subtypes of gliomas, which account for about 20 percent of brain cancers diagnosed in the United States. The study was published online Aug. 26 in the journal Nature Genetics. The researchers said they still have to confirm whether this location in the genetic code is the source of tumors. Even if it's not, "it is pretty close," study senior author Dr. Robert Jenkins, a pathologist at the Mayo Clinic Cancer Center in Rochester, Minn., said in a Mayo news release. "Based on our ... Read more

Related support groups: Brain Tumor

Multiple Brain Tumors Even More Malignant: Study

Posted 26 Aug 2012 by

FRIDAY, Aug. 24 – Patients with aggressive malignant brain tumors in multiple locations live a much shorter time than those with a single brain tumor, even though both groups of patients receive virtually identical treatments, according to a new study. Researchers from Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in West Hollywood, Calif., compared the outcomes of 47 patients with multiple glioblastoma multiforme brain tumors and 47 patients with a single tumor. Average survival was six months for those with multiple tumors and 11 months for those with one tumor. A large number of tumors in the patients with multiple tumors appeared to be resistant to treatment and continued to grow even after patients underwent radiation therapy, noted study first author Dr. Chirag Patil, director of the Center for Neurosurgical Outcomes Research at Cedars-Sinai. The study was published Aug. 24 in the Journal of ... Read more

Related support groups: Brain Tumor

18 Million U.S. Cancer Survivors Expected by 2022: Report

Posted 14 Jun 2012 by

THURSDAY, June 14 – There are now more than 13 million cancer survivors living in the United States and that number is expected to reach 18 million in just 10 years, a new report predicts. This dramatic increase will be driven, in large part, by a combination of earlier diagnosis and better treatment of some of the most common cancers, according to the report from the American Cancer Society and the U.S. National Cancer Institute. "We are focusing on the number of people who are now alive who have experienced cancer at some time in the past, and their transition from treatment to recovery and the balance of their life," said report co-author Elizabeth Ward, national vice president of intramural research at the American Cancer Society. More people are surviving cancer because the number of people diagnosed with cancer is rising and because the size of this population, particularly older ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Brain Tumor, Skin Cancer, Bladder Cancer, Cervical Cancer, Head and Neck Cancer, Gastric Cancer, Solid Tumors

Child CT Scans Might Up Risk of Brain Cancer, Leukemia

Posted 7 Jun 2012 by

WEDNESDAY, June 6 – Children who undergo CT scans of the head may raise their risk of developing brain cancer or leukemia later in life, a new study says. Although multiple CT scans could triple the risk, the absolute risk remains small – one case in 10,000 scans of the head, the researchers said. "We have shown small increased risks associated with the radiation exposures from CT," said study co-author Louise Parker, from the Canadian Cancer Society and a professor of medicine and pediatrics at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia. "As long as CT is used only where justified, then the benefits of CT, a potentially lifesaving modality, will almost certainly outweigh the risks," she said. Lead study author Amy Berrington de Gonzalez, from the U.S. National Cancer Institute, said this study is the first to look at the actual cancer risk of radiation from CT scans. "All the ... Read more

Related support groups: Leukemia, Brain Tumor, Diagnosis and Investigation

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Related Condition Support Groups

Glioblastoma Multiforme, Anaplastic Astrocytoma, Anaplastic Oligodendroglioma, Pituitary Tumor, Malignant Glioma, Angioblastoma, Cancer

Related Drug Support Groups

methotrexate, Afinitor, cisplatin, cyclophosphamide, everolimus, Platinol, lomustine, Zortress, Gleostine, BiCNU, carmustine, Gliadel, CeeNU, Platinol-AQ