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Toxic Chemicals May Weaken Infants' Response to TB Vaccine

Posted 18 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 18, 2015 – Exposure to toxic chemicals while in the womb or in early life may weaken a baby's immune system response to the tuberculosis (TB) vaccine, researchers say. The study focused on two common toxins: PCBs, an industrial chemical; and DDT, used in pesticides. These so-called "persistent" pollutants are not easily broken down and remain a health threat years after being banned. PCBs were banned in the United States in 1979. DDT is banned in the United States, but is still used in some countries to control malaria-carrying mosquitoes, the study authors, from the University of Rochester in New York, said in a university news release. The researchers analyzed blood samples and immune responses from 516 pairs of mothers and infants in an area of Slovakia heavily contaminated with environmental toxins. Each baby received the tuberculosis vaccine in their first four days ... Read more

Related support groups: Tuberculosis, BCG, Poisoning, Tuberculosis - Latent, Tuberculosis - Active, Pulmonary Tuberculosis, Tuberculosis - Prophylaxis, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Diagnosis and Investigation, Tuberculin Purified Protein Derivative, Tubersol, Tuberculosis - Extrapulmonary, Tice BCG, Aplisol, TheraCys, Tuberculous Meningitis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Tuberculosis - Resistant, Tice BCG Vaccine, Tuberculin Tine Test

Most First-Time Moms Plan to Follow Vaccine Schedule

Posted 20 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Nov. 20, 2015 – Three-quarters of first-time expectant mothers plan to follow the recommended vaccination schedule for their children, a new study finds. But the survey of 200 American women pregnant with their first child also found that 10.5 percent planned to spread out the recommended vaccination schedule, 4 percent planned to have their child receive some but not all of the recommended vaccines, and 10.5 percent were still undecided in their second trimester of pregnancy. First-time mothers who weren't planning on following the recommended vaccination schedule said they got most of their information about childhood vaccines from online sources or family and friends. This shows the need to find ways to provide these women with information from pediatricians and family doctors, according to study co-author Glen Nowak, director of the Center for Health and Risk Communication ... Read more

Related support groups: BCG, Zostavax, Yellow Fever Vaccine, Gardasil, Tetanus Toxoid, Prevnar 13, Prevnar, Vivotif Berna, Rabies Vaccine, Human Diploid Cell, FluLaval, Twinrix, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Vivotif Berna Vaccine, Typhoid Vaccine, Live, Pneumovax 23, Cervarix, Rotarix, Measles Virus Vaccine, Afluria

California Vaccine Refusers Cluster in Rich, White Areas

Posted 12 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 12, 2015 – California's anti-vaccine sentiment tends to concentrate in wealthier, largely white areas of the state – a pattern that has left certain communities with childhood vaccination rates as low as 50 percent, a new study finds. The study, published online Nov. 12 in the American Journal of Public Health, is the latest to delve into the issue of personal belief exemptions for vaccines. Right now, 20 U.S. states permit the exemptions, which allow parents to opt out of routine childhood vaccinations based on philosophical objections. California is technically still one of those states, but a law passed earlier this year will end personal belief exemptions in that state in July 2016, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL). The new law came largely in response to this year's measles outbreak, which sickened 189 people in 24 U.S. states and ... Read more

Related support groups: BCG, Zostavax, Yellow Fever Vaccine, Gardasil, Tetanus Toxoid, Prevnar 13, Prevnar, Vivotif Berna, Rabies Vaccine, Human Diploid Cell, FluLaval, Twinrix, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Cervarix, Vivotif Berna Vaccine, Typhoid Vaccine, Live, Pneumovax 23, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Rotarix, Provenge, Measles Virus Vaccine

Vaccines Rarely Cause Life-Threatening Allergic Reactions: CDC

Posted 15 Oct 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 15, 2015 – A U.S. government study has reassuring news for concerned parents – vaccines rarely trigger serious and potentially fatal allergic reactions. Just 33 people had a serious, potentially life-threatening allergic reaction – also known as anaphylaxis – out of 25 million vaccines given, according to research from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. That's 1.3 people in every million who gets a vaccine. "Vaccination is one of the best ways parents can protect infants, children and teens from 16 potentially harmful diseases. This is a good time to remind parents that vaccines are safe and effective – the odds of having an anaphylaxis-related reaction following the administration of a vaccine are very slim," said study author Dr. Michael McNeil, of the CDC. For the study, the researchers reviewed records from more than 17 million visits and more ... Read more

Related support groups: Allergic Reactions, Allergies, BCG, Anaphylaxis, Zostavax, Yellow Fever Vaccine, Gardasil, Tetanus Toxoid, Prevnar 13, Prevnar, Vivotif Berna, Rabies Vaccine, Human Diploid Cell, FluLaval, Twinrix, Typhoid Vaccine, Live, Vivotif Berna Vaccine, Cervarix, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Pneumovax 23, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine

Despite Pockets of Resistance, Most U.S. Kids Getting Vaccinated

Posted 27 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 27, 2015 – More than nine out of 10 U.S. children entered kindergarten last school year protected with the proper immunizations, federal health officials reported Thursday. But, vaccination rates continue to lag in a number of states – a worrisome finding, especially in light of the recent measles outbreak, officials said. Average vaccination coverage for new kindergarteners was 94 percent for the measles/mumps/rubella (MMR) vaccine. It also was 94 percent for the diphtheria/tetanus/pertussis vaccine in the 49 reporting states and the District of Columbia for the 2014-15 school year, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention researchers found. About 94 percent of kindergarteners also received the two-dose vaccine for chickenpox in the 39 states where it is required, the findings showed. "Overall, the news is gratifying. Though they may not always get the ... Read more

Related support groups: BCG, Zostavax, Yellow Fever Vaccine, Gardasil, Prevnar 13, Tetanus Toxoid, Prevnar, Vivotif Berna, Rabies Vaccine, Human Diploid Cell, FluLaval, Twinrix, Typhoid Vaccine, Live, Vivotif Berna Vaccine, Cervarix, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Pneumovax 23, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Rotarix, Afluria

Start of School Year Calls for Vaccine Check

Posted 21 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 21, 2015 – With the start of a new school year, many parents are searching for vaccination records and hoping they're current, but what does "up-to-date" look like these days? That depends on whether it's what the school requires or what pediatric experts recommend. "Not all vaccines that we recommend on the schedule are required by schools," said Wendy Sue Swanson, a pediatrician at Seattle Children's Hospital. "But schools help us keep up-to-date and have an annual assessment" of vaccine status. Swanson explained that during childhood, three key school transitions coincide with vaccine schedules. The first, she said, is when a child enters kindergarten. Then, "typically, at sixth grade, we refresh again. And there are updates that we provide kids at the end of high school as get they ready to go to college," she added. Each of these turning points usually means exposure ... Read more

Related support groups: BCG, Zostavax, Yellow Fever Vaccine, Gardasil, Tetanus Toxoid, Prevnar 13, Prevnar, Vivotif Berna, Rabies Vaccine, Human Diploid Cell, FluLaval, Twinrix, Vivotif Berna Vaccine, Typhoid Vaccine, Live, Cervarix, Pneumovax 23, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Rotarix, Measles Virus Vaccine, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine

U.S. Oncologists Decry High Cost of Cancer Drugs

Posted 23 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 23, 2015 – Soaring costs for cancer drugs are hurting patient care in the United States, a group of top oncologists claim. "High cancer-drug prices are affecting the care of patients with cancer and our health care system," Dr. Ayalew Tefferi, a hematologist at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., said in a Mayo news release. Tefferi and his colleagues made a number of recommendations on how to address the problem in a commentary published July 23 in the Mayo Clinic Proceedings. Allowing Medicare to negotiate drug prices is one of the suggestions the team of 118 leading cancer experts offered as a possible solution. Along with their recommendations, the group also expressed support for a patient-based grassroots movement on change.org that is demanding action on the issue. "The average gross household income in the U.S. is about $52,000 per year. For an insured patient with ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Provera, Depo-Provera, Methotrexate, Breast Cancer, Accutane, Lupron, Prostate Cancer, Tamoxifen, Medroxyprogesterone, Arimidex, Femara, Tretinoin, Lupron Depot, Gleevec, Fluorouracil, Lung Cancer, Rituxan, Colorectal Cancer, Renal Cell Carcinoma

New Trial Tests Whether TB Shot Fights Type 1 Diabetes

Posted 9 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 9, 2015 – Researchers are launching a clinical trial to see if a vaccine approved long ago to prevent tuberculosis may also hold promise as a treatment for type 1 diabetes. The proposed five-year study is designed to investigate whether repeated injections of the tuberculosis vaccine bacille Calmette-Guerin (or BCG vaccine) can quiet the immune system attack that causes type 1 diabetes and improve blood sugar levels in people with long-standing diabetes. "BCG is showing so much promise in worldwide trials [for conditions such as multiple sclerosis]," said study author Dr. Denise Faustman, director of the immunobiology laboratory at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. While some may hold out hope that BCG will reverse type 1 diabetes in people, findings from Faustman's earlier – albeit smaller – human trial suggest the effects are likely to be far more subtle. "The ... Read more

Related support groups: Multiple Sclerosis, Insulin, Lantus, Diabetes, Type 1, Novolog, Humalog, Lantus Solostar, Levemir, Tuberculosis, BCG, Novolin R, Novolin N, Humulin N, Lantus Solostar Pen, Humulin R, NovoLog FlexPen, Tuberculosis - Active, Humalog KwikPen, Insulin Glargine, Humalog Pen

Anti-Vaccine Parents Cluster in Rich, White Areas

Posted 3 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 3, 2015 – Parents who cite "personal beliefs" to get their children exempted from routine vaccinations are typically white and well-to-do – at least in California, a new study finds. The results, published June 1 in Pediatrics, confirm what other studies have suggested: Anti-vaccine sentiment in the United States appears strongest among wealthier white families. But the study also found another pattern that surprised experts: California schools with high rates of personal-belief exemptions often had high rates of exemptions for medical reasons, too. "There's no clear explanation for why that would be," said Dr. Paul Offit, chief of infectious diseases at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, who was not involved in the study. But the concern, he added, is that some children exempted for medical reasons could be put at risk if their classmates are not vaccinated against ... Read more

Related support groups: BCG, Zostavax, Yellow Fever Vaccine, Gardasil, Measles, Prevnar 13, Tetanus Toxoid, Prevnar, Vivotif Berna, FluLaval, Twinrix, Rabies Vaccine, Human Diploid Cell, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Vivotif Berna Vaccine, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Pneumovax 23, Typhoid Vaccine, Live, Cervarix, Rotarix, Afluria

Too Few Prostate Cancer Patients Get Bone-Strengthening Meds: Study

Posted 3 Dec 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 2, 2014 – Many men on hormone therapy for prostate cancer aren't getting bone-strengthening drugs they may need, new Canadian research contends. Hormone therapy, which suppresses male hormones called androgens, helps stop cancer cells from growing. But one consequence of the treatment is weakening of the bones, which can lead to fractures. To reduce this risk, men can be given oral bisphosphonates, such as Fosamax, or an intravenous treatment once a month or once a year with similar drugs, such as Reclast. "There seems to be a clear mismatch between Canadian guidelines regarding bisphosphonate usage in men undergoing hormone therapy for prostate cancer and actual clinical practice," said lead researcher Dr. Shabbir Alibhai, a senior scientist at the University Health Network in Toronto. While the low rates of bisphosphonate prescriptions may be appropriate for patients ... Read more

Related support groups: Provera, Depo-Provera, Accutane, Lupron, Prostate Cancer, Tamoxifen, Medroxyprogesterone, Fosamax, Arimidex, Femara, Tretinoin, Lupron Depot, Boniva, Alendronate, Claravis, Isotretinoin, Zoladex, Anastrozole, Reclast, Actonel

Medicines Are Biggest Culprit in Fatal Allergic Reactions: Study

Posted 10 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 9, 2014 – Although food allergies have garnered a lot of attention lately, a new study reports that medications are actually the biggest cause of sudden deaths related to allergy. Over a little more than a decade, nearly 60 percent of the allergy-related deaths were caused by medications, while less than 7 percent were caused by food allergies, the study found. "Medications can be dangerous," said study researcher Dr. Elina Jerschow, director of the Drug Allergy Center at Montefiore Medical Center and assistant professor of medicine at Albert Einstein College of Medicine, in New York City. While research from other countries has reported medications as a major culprit in anaphylaxis-related deaths, Jerschow said, the problem has been less defined in the United States. One reason is that there is no national registry for anaphylaxis deaths, she said. The study was ... Read more

Related support groups: Provera, Amoxicillin, Depo-Provera, Doxycycline, Metronidazole, Clindamycin, Cephalexin, Penicillin, Methotrexate, Bactrim, Azithromycin, Cipro, Accutane, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Lupron, Flagyl, Keflex, Zithromax

TB Vaccine May Work Against Multiple Sclerosis: Study

Posted 4 Dec 2013 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2013 – A vaccine normally used to thwart the respiratory illness tuberculosis also might help prevent the development of multiple sclerosis, a disease of the central nervous system, a new study suggests. In people who had a first episode of symptoms that indicated they might develop multiple sclerosis (MS), an injection of the tuberculosis vaccine lowered the odds of developing MS, Italian researchers report. "It is possible that a safe, handy and cheap approach will be available immediately following the first [episode of symptoms suggesting MS]," said study lead author Dr. Giovanni Ristori, of the Center for Experimental Neurological Therapies at Sant'Andrea Hospital in Rome. But, the study authors cautioned that much more research is needed before the tuberculosis vaccine could possibly be used against multiple sclerosis. In people with MS, the immune system ... Read more

Related support groups: Multiple Sclerosis, BCG, Tuberculosis - Prophylaxis, Tice BCG, TheraCys, Tice BCG Vaccine

Cancer Chemotherapy Tied to Slight Rise in Risk for Leukemia

Posted 14 Feb 2013 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 14 – Chemotherapy can be a lifesaver for thousands of cancer patients, but a new study suggests that it might slightly raise the odds for a type of leukemia later in life. Over the past 30 years, the risk for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has increased for patients who underwent chemotherapy for certain forms of cancer, particularly non-Hodgkin lymphoma, the new study found. On the other hand, the researchers from the U.S. National Cancer Institute said other cancer survivors may have a reduced risk for AML due to a change in chemotherapy agents that occurred decades ago. One expert not connected to the study stressed that cancer patients need to put the findings into perspective. "It's important to realize that the risk of developing acute myeloid leukemia related to prior chemotherapy is small and increases with the number of chemotherapy treatments given over time," ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Provera, Depo-Provera, Methotrexate, Accutane, Lupron, Tamoxifen, Medroxyprogesterone, Arimidex, Femara, Tretinoin, Lupron Depot, Gleevec, Fluorouracil, Rituxan, Isotretinoin, Claravis, Votrient, Tarceva, Avastin

Banning Vaccine Preservative Would Hurt Kids in Poor Nations: Experts

Posted 17 Dec 2012 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 17 – A United Nations proposal to ban the vaccine preservative thimerosal – which contains a form of mercury – should not go through, says a leading group of U.S. pediatricians. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) joins the World Health Organization (WHO) in urging the U.N. to drop the proposal from an international treaty seeking to cut down on mercury exposures in a variety of ways. Both the WHO and AAP say a thimerosal ban could keep children in poor nations from getting needed vaccines. The AAP, which announced its stance to members in June, reiterates its position and provides three commentaries on the issue in the January print edition of Pediatrics, published online Dec. 17. Thimerosal contains a form of mercury called ethyl mercury. For years it was used in certain vaccines, but U.S. health officials decided in 1999 that thimerosal should be removed from ... Read more

Related support groups: BCG, Zostavax, Yellow Fever Vaccine, Gardasil, Prevnar 13, Tetanus Toxoid, Prevnar, Vivotif Berna, FluLaval, Twinrix, Rabies Vaccine, Human Diploid Cell, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Vivotif Berna Vaccine, Typhoid Vaccine, Live, Cervarix, Rotarix, Afluria, Measles Virus Vaccine, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine

TB Vaccine Promising as New Way to Fight Type 1 Diabetes

Posted 8 Aug 2012 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 8 – A small trial of a vaccine already approved for tuberculosis found that the vaccine can kill the rogue autoimmune cells that are active players in type 1 diabetes. There were no changes, however, in the need for insulin among those with longstanding diabetes who got the vaccine, the researchers added. "What we saw with two vaccines, given four weeks apart, was the death of bad T-cells," said study author Dr. Denise Faustman, director of the immunobiology laboratory at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. "We also saw that regulatory T-cells came on – these are the good-guy T-cells. And the pancreas went on briefly, and this was in people who were 15 years out from their type 1 diagnosis." "This doesn't mean that people were throwing their insulin syringes away," Faustman said. "But the exciting part is that even decades after the disease begins, the cells in ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 1, BCG, Tice BCG, TheraCys, Tice BCG Vaccine

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