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Health Care Workers Skipped Hand Washing One-Third of the Time: Study

Posted 17 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 13, 2016 – Staff at many outpatient health care facilities in New Mexico failed to follow recommendations for hand hygiene more than one-third of the time, a new study found. Many also fell short on injection safety, putting patients at increased risk for infection, the study authors said. For the study, the researchers looked at 15 outpatient facilities. The investigators found 93 percent had U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention outpatient infection control policies in place. Yet, staff at the facilities failed to follow proper hand hygiene 37 percent of the time, the study found. And safe injection procedures weren't followed one-third of the time, the research revealed. "This project highlights the importance of assessing both the report of recommended infection prevention policies and practices, as well as behavior compliance through observational ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Bacterial Skin Infection

Scientists Create Bacteria in Lab With 'Minimal' Genes Needed for Life

Posted 24 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 24, 2016 – Scientists are closer than ever to cracking the hidden code of life itself, having engineered a synthetic bacteria with a "minimum" number of genes needed to support its existence. The lab-created bacteria – called Mycoplasma mycoides JCVI-syn3.0 – contains only 473 genes. That's fewer than any other healthy, replicating cell currently found in nature. By stripping an artificial cell down to the bare necessities, researchers hope to learn more about how life began on Earth and evolved over time, the study authors said. "We view life as DNA software-driven and we're showing that by trying to understand that software, we're going to get a better understanding of life," said senior author J. Craig Venter. He's a renowned genetics researcher and founder, chairman and CEO of the J. Craig Venter Institute, a non-profit genomics research group. However, the most ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Diagnosis and Investigation

Location is Key to Help Hospital Hand Sanitizers Get Used

Posted 15 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 15, 2016 – The location of hand sanitizer dispensers in hospitals significantly affects how likely visitors are to use them, a new study finds. Researchers observed the use of alcohol-based hand sanitizers by more than 6,600 visitors to Greenville Memorial Hospital in South Carolina. Use of the dispensers more than quintupled when they were placed in the middle of the lobby in front of the visitor entrance. The three-week study also found that hand sanitizer use was nearly 50 percent higher among children and young adults than older adults, and nearly 40 percent higher among people in groups than those who were alone. The findings appear in the March issue of the American Journal of Infection Control. "Visitors represent an additional vector by which health care-associated diseases can be transmitted to patients, and thus visitor hand hygiene is an opportunity to further ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Bacterial Skin Infection

Transplant From Incompatible Living Donor Boosts Kidney Patients' Survival

Posted 10 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 9, 2016 – In what experts call a possible "paradigm shift," a new study shows kidney disease patients may live far longer if they receive a transplant from an incompatible living donor rather than wait for a good match. The findings could offer another choice for kidney patients who might otherwise die waiting for a compatible deceased donor. Specifically, experts said the results offer hope to "highly sensitized" transplant candidates. That refers to patients who have a large number of immune system antibodies ready to attack a donor organ. It's common among people who've had a prior kidney transplant, according to the United Network for Organ Sharing. Patients who have had multiple blood transfusions while on dialysis, or who have been pregnant several times, can also become sensitized. Finding a compatible donor for sensitized patients is "nearly impossible," said ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Organ Transplant - Rejection Prophylaxis, Organ Transplant, Organ Transplant - Rejection Reversal, Rejection Prophylaxis, Rejection Reversal

Parenthood May Alter Immune System, Research Suggests

Posted 18 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 – While most people know that parenting is a stressful, sleep-depriving undertaking, new research suggests it may also rewire the immune system. The study found that parenting seems to have a more significant effect on the immune system than the flu vaccine or gastroenteritis, commonly called the stomach flu. "That's at least something for prospective parents to consider – the sleep deprivation, stress, chronic infections and all the other challenges of parenting does more to our body than just gives us grey hairs," study co-leader Dr. Adrian Liston said in a news release from the Babraham Institute in the United Kingdom. "I think that any parents of a nursery- or school-age child can appreciate the effect a child has on your immune system," added Liston, a researcher at VIB and KU Leuven in Belgium. For the study, researchers compared the immune systems of ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Influenza, Infectious Gastroenteritis, Viral Infection, FluLaval, Afluria, FluMist, Fluzone, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Flucelvax, Fluzone High-Dose, Influenza Prophylaxis, Influenza Virus Vaccine, Inactivated, Fluzone WV, FluLaval Quadrivalent, Fluogen, Agriflu, Afluria 2015-2016, Fluvirin Preservative-Free

A Sneeze May Be Even Ickier Than You Thought

Posted 13 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 2016 – If you think your sneezes merely emit a delicate spray of tiny droplets into the space around you, think again. New research from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology using slow-motion photography finds that, instead, sneezes expel a sticky sheet of fluid that first balloons and then breaks apart into long, viscous filaments. Those filaments eventually do separate into a mist of fine droplets, said a team led by Lydia Bourouiba, who runs MIT's Fluid Dynamics of Disease Transmission Laboratory. "What we saw was surprising in many ways," she said in a university news release. "We expected to see droplets coming out fully formed from the respiratory tract. It turns out that's not the case at all." All of this research could lead to more effective ways to reduce the spread of illness, her team said. "It's important to understand how the process of fluid ... Read more

Related support groups: Bacterial Infection, Influenza, Cold Symptoms, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Viral Infection

Skin Infections Common in High School Wrestlers, Study Finds

Posted 10 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 10, 2016 – Wrestlers are much more likely to suffer skin infections than other U.S. high school athletes, new research shows. The study authors examined five years of data on skin infections among athletes in 22 high school sports. Nearly 74 percent of skin infections occurred among wrestlers, and just under 18 percent among football players, the investigators found. The actual rates of skin infections per 100,000 exposures (one athlete participating in one practice, competition or performance) were 28.5 among wrestlers and 2.3 among football players. Rates in most other sports were less than 1 per 100,000, and eight sports had none, according to the report. "Given the nature of the sport, it's not surprising that wrestlers suffer the most skin infections," study senior author Dr. Robert Dellavalle, an associate professor of dermatology at the University of Colorado ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Bacterial Skin Infection, Fungal Infections, Tinea Corporis, Skin and Structure Infection, Tinea Cruris, Candida Infections, Tinea Pedis, Fungal Infection Prophylaxis, Fungal Infection Prevention

Blood Test Might Predict When Antibiotics Won't Help

Posted 20 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 20, 2016 – Researchers say they're closer to developing a blood test that distinguishes between viral and bacterial respiratory infections. This would help doctors predict when antibiotics will and will not work. Such a test, done right in the doctor's office, might also help curb overuse of antibiotics – a practice that has led to drug-resistant bacteria, experts suggest. When diagnosing respiratory infections – such as colds, pneumonia and bronchitis – it helps to know whether the illness is caused by a virus or bacteria, explained study lead author Dr. Ephraim Tsalik. He is assistant professor of medicine at Duke University School of Medicine in Durham, N.C. "Antibiotics treat bacteria, but they do not treat viruses. That's why distinguishing between these various causes of illness is very important to get the right treatment to the right patient, and to offer a ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Influenza, Diagnosis and Investigation

Patients Can Self-Administer IV Antibiotics at Home: Study

Posted 25 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 24, 2015 – Patients can be taught to safely self-administer long-term intravenous antibiotics at home, without the help of a health care worker, a new study suggests. The finding could have a significant impact on uninsured patients who might otherwise spend weeks in a hospital receiving IV care, according to researchers at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas. "This really taps into human potential, giving a voice to the uninsured at the same time that it offers an opportunity for enormous cost savings to hospitals," study first author Dr. Kavita Bhavan, assistant professor of internal medicine, said in a medical center news release. Some infections require treatment with IV antibiotics for six weeks or more. Patients with insurance typically go home or to a nursing home and have their antibiotics administered by a home health care worker or ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Cephalexin, Bactrim, Azithromycin, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Keflex, Zithromax, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Nitrofurantoin, Minocycline, Clarithromycin, Macrobid

U.S. Teen Treated for Rare Rat-Bite Fever

Posted 23 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 23, 2015 – A U.S. teenager was diagnosed with rat-bite fever after being bitten by her pet rodent, a new report reveals. The 17-year-old was treated for the rare and serious condition after developing pain in her right hip and lower back that affected her ability to walk, doctors said. Over two weeks, the teen also experienced pain in her right leg, discomfort in a joint in her pelvis, fever, nausea and vomiting. She also developed a pink rash on her hands and feet, according to the report. Once doctors learned the teen had several pets, including three pet rats who lived in her bedroom, she had a blood test, which was positive for Streptobacillus moniliformis – the most common cause of rat-bite fever. Left untreated, the disease has a death rate as high as 13 percent, according to the research led by Dr. Carina Brown, an intern/resident in the University of Virginia ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Diagnosis and Investigation

Health Tip: Keeping Kids in Pain Comfortable

Posted 18 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

-- Pain may slow a child's recovery from illness or injury. Medication can help, but there are other ways to keep kids comfortable. The University of Michigan Health System advises: Offer plenty of love, comfort and support. Soothe your child with extra hugs and cuddles. Keep your child calm and don't let him or her feel anxious, which can worsen pain. Try heat therapy or cold packs, soothing music or gentle massage. Read more

Related support groups: Pain, Infections, Headache, Back Pain, Migraine, Muscle Pain, Chronic Pain, Bacterial Infection, Influenza, Sciatica, Neck Pain, Head Injury, Breakthrough Pain, Pain/Fever, Postoperative Pain, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

Serious Illness Affects Bone Health

Posted 12 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 11, 2015 – A critical illness can lead to bone loss, a new study finds. The research included 66 seniors who spent at least 24 hours on a breathing machine in an intensive care unit (ICU). One year after their ICU stay, the patients had 1.6 percent less bone density in their lower spines and 1.2 percent less bone density in their thigh bones than would be expected. This bone loss may increase their risk of fractures, according to study author Neil Orford, ICU director at University Hospital Geelong in Australia, and colleagues. The researchers said critical illness may accelerate bone resorption. This is a process that occurs when bone is broken down, and calcium and other minerals are released into the bloodstream. A year after an ICU stay, the patients' resorption had returned to normal, but they were left with lower bone density, the study showed. The impact of this ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Osteoporosis, Fracture, bone, Prevention of Osteoporosis, Osteopenia, Viral Infection, ICU Agitation, Osteomalacia, Prevention of Fractures

Health Tip: Understanding Antibiotics

Posted 9 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

-- By taking an antibiotic as prescribed, you can get well faster and help prevent germs from becoming resistant to your medication. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offers these antibiotic guidelines: Never skip a dose of antibiotic. Always take it on schedule, as directed. Never stop taking an antibiotic early. Always take the entire prescription, unless your doctor tells you otherwise. Never save any antibiotic medication for a future illness. Never take an antibiotic that was prescribed for another person. Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Metronidazole, Bacterial Infection, Clindamycin, Cephalexin, Bactrim, Azithromycin, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Flagyl, Keflex, Zithromax, Valtrex, Acyclovir, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole

Post-Op Bacterial Infection Raises Odds for Complications, Death

Posted 25 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 25, 2015 – People recuperating from surgery are much more likely to die or develop complications if they become infected with a dangerous diarrhea-causing bacteria, a new study suggests. Patients at VA hospitals who contracted Clostridium difficile following surgery were five times more likely to die and 12 times more likely to suffer a complication of the heart, lung, kidneys or nervous system, according to findings published online Nov. 25 in the journal JAMA Surgery. "C. difficile infection is a big hit to take for people who are already behind the eight-ball," said Dr. Brian Zuckerbraun, a surgeon at the VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System who co-wrote an accompanying editorial. "It's just a big insult to their system, when they are vulnerable." C. difficile is a tough and opportunistic bacteria that can invade the intestines of people whose gut bacteria have been wiped ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Surgery, Bacterial Infection, Bacterial Skin Infection, Clostridial Infection, Bacteremia

Kids at Growing Risk of Deadly 'Superbug' Infection: Study

Posted 22 Oct 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 22, 2015 – Rates of a deadly "superbug" infection are on the rise among American children, especially those aged 5 and younger, a new study shows. The infections are caused by a type of bacteria called Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE). CRE is most common in hospitals and long-term care centers and is resistant to many types of antibiotics. The death rate from CRE infections is about 50 percent, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Past research on CRE has focused on adults, and there is little data on this type of infection in children. In this study, researchers analyzed data from 1999 to 2012 throughout the United States and found that CRE infection rates in children rose from 0 percent in 1999-2000 to 0.47 percent in 2011-2012. The largest increase – from 0 percent to 4.5 percent – occurred among 1- through 5-year-olds being ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection

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