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Climate Change May Be Pushing 'Brain-Eating' Amoeba to Northern Lakes

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 24, 2015 – A deadly "brain-eating" amoeba that lives in freshwater sources may be surviving in more northern areas of the United States thanks to climate change, health experts suggest. Minnesota health officials are still trying to confirm if the death of a Minnesota teen this summer was caused by the single-celled organism Naegleria fowleri. If confirmed, it would be the northernmost infection of Naegleria fowleri ever reported, according to the Minneapolis Star-Tribune. The amoeba normally lives in warmer waters in the southern United States. But since climate change is generally making summers hotter, the amoeba now seems to be in northern waters, said Dr. Bruce Hirsch, an infectious diseases specialist at North Shore University Hospital in Manhasset, N.Y. "Climate change may be playing a role," he said. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention referred to ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Amebiasis, Dientamoeba fragilis

Antibiotic May Lower Effect of Some Blood Thinners

Posted 11 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 21, 2015 – The antibiotic dicloxacillin may lessen the effects of some blood-thinning medications, new research shows. "The surprise in the study was just how much of an impact dicloxacillin had," said study author Anton Pottegard, a pharmacist and research fellow at the University of Southern Denmark, in Odense. "Often, the effects in these kinds of studies are quite small. But this was very pronounced: Six out of 10 patients dropped so much in their level of blood-thinning that they were no longer sufficiently protected against clotting and stroke," Pottegard said. Coumadin (warfarin) and similar blood thinners lower the risk of blood clots, a potential cause of strokes and heart attacks, by thinning the blood so blockages don't form in vessels, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine. Patients with irregular heart rhythms, such as atrial fibrillation, and ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Blood Disorders, Warfarin, Coumadin, Metronidazole, Bacterial Infection, Ischemic Stroke, Bactrim, Atrial Fibrillation, Flagyl, Bactrim DS, Prevention of Thromboembolism in Atrial Fibrillation, Polymyxin B, Xifaxan, Septra, Zyvox, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Rifaximin, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Bacitracin

Beach Sand, Not Water, More Likely to Make You Sick

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 17, 2015 – Heading to the beach this weekend? A new study finds that when it comes to germs, beachgoers may have more to fear from the sand they sit on than the water they swim in. Studies done with water and sand from Hawaiian beaches found a "higher abundance" of bacteria indicating fecal contamination – bugs such a E. coli, for example – in the sand than in the water. In fact, "wastewater-contaminated marine beach sand may act as a chronic source of wastewater bacteria to the beach seawater," writes a team led by Tao Yan of the University of Hawaii at Manoa. Public health experts have long known that wastewater from sewage and other sources can contaminate seawater, some days necessitating beach closures. Swimmers who come into contact with or accidentally swallow fecal-contaminated water can suffer stomach ache, diarrhea and rashes, Yan's team noted. However, the ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Bacterial Skin Infection, Skin and Structure Infection, Gastroenteritis, Infectious Gastroenteritis, Traveler's Diarrhea, Infection Prophylaxis, Traveler's Diarrhea Prophylaxis

Tattoos May Pose Health Risks, Researchers Report

Posted 28 May 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 28, 2015 – Getting a tattoo may put you at risk for long-term skin problems, a new study warns. "We were rather alarmed at the high rate of reported chronic complications tied to getting a tattoo," said senior investigator Dr. Marie Leger, an assistant professor in the dermatology department at NYU Langone Medical Center in New York City. "Given the growing popularity of tattoos, physicians, public health officials and consumers need to be aware of the risks involved," Leger said in a Langone news release. For the study, researchers surveyed about 300 New York City adults, aged 18 to 69, with tattoos. Most of them had no more than five tattoos, and the arm was the most popular tattoo site (67 percent). Up to 6 percent of the study participants experienced some form of tattoo-related rash, infection, severe itching or swelling that sometimes lasted longer than four months. ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Skin Infection, Eczema, Dermatitis, Bacterial Skin Infection, Contact Dermatitis, Skin and Structure Infection, Atopic Dermatitis, Secondary Cutaneous Bacterial Infections

FDA Approves New Formulation of Minocin (minocycline) for Injection

Posted 23 Apr 2015 by Drugs.com

PARSIPPANY, N.J.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Apr. 20, 2015-- The Medicines Company (NASDAQ:MDCO) today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a supplemental new drug application (sNDA) for a new formulation of Minocin (minocycline) for Injection. The FDA has also granted Qualified Infectious Disease Product (QIDP) designation for the new formulation of Minocin for Injection under the Generating Antibiotic Incentives Now Act (GAIN Act). The designation, the third granted to a product in the Company’s infectious disease portfolio, would qualify Minocin for Injection for priority review and five years of marketing exclusivity upon an approval of the additional potential indications. Multi-drug resistant Acinetobacter is considered to be a serious antimicrobial resistance threat by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). CDC estimates the number of d ... Read more

Related support groups: Bacterial Infection, Minocycline, Minocin

Simpler Antibiotic Regimen Helps Sick Babies in Developing Nations

Posted 2 Apr 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 1, 2015 – Newborns and young infants in developing nations who have suspected severe bacterial infections can be effectively treated outside a hospital, two new studies suggest. The findings indicate that the World Health Organization's guidelines on treating newborns and young infants with possible bacterial infections – such as pneumonia and sepsis (blood infection) – should be altered, the researchers said. About one in five babies worldwide develops severe bacterial infections during the first month of life, leading to about 700,000 deaths in newborns every year, the researchers explained. Current WHO guidelines recommend that newborns and young infants believed to have such infections be hospitalized and treated with antibiotic injections for at least seven to 10 days. However, many parents in developing nations can't afford, or don't have access to, such ... Read more

Related support groups: Amoxicillin, Bacterial Infection, Pneumonia, Amoxil, Sepsis, Amoxil Pediatric Drops, Trimox, Biomox, Moxatag, Amoxicot, DisperMox, Apo-Amoxi, Moxilin, Wymox

FDA Tightens Rules on Endoscopes Tied to 'Superbug' Outbreaks

Posted 12 Mar 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 12, 2015 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Thursday issued final recommendations for the cleaning and sterilization of medical devices used in invasive procedures. The updated rules, first proposed in 2011, were released in response to last month's reports of seven serious infections and two deaths at Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center in Los Angeles, which were caused by duodenoscopes contaminated with a "superbug." On March 4, four similar "superbug" infections were reported at Cedars Sinai Hospital in Los Angeles. Duodenoscopes are devices used to diagnose and treat problems in the liver, pancreas and gallbladder. The FDA and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention "have been devoting a great deal of effort to understand the circumstances and reasons for the episodes of drug-resistant bacterial infections associated with duodenoscopes," Dr. ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection

2 Deaths, Scores of Potential 'Superbug' Infections at UCLA Med Center

Posted 19 Feb 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 19, 2015 – At least 100 patients may have been exposed to medical devices contaminated with a "superbug" at the Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center in Los Angeles, where the devices are already believed to be responsible for seven serious infections, including two deaths. Endoscopes that were used to perform digestive procedures between October and January were contaminated with Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), hospital officials said Thursday. The hospital said about 100 patients may have been exposed to the contaminated devices. The Associated Press reported that 180 patients might be at risk. Free home-testing kits are being delivered to all potentially infected patients, and UCLA will analyze the results, the medical center said. The two endoscopes thought responsible for the infections were used in the diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic and bile duct ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Infection Prophylaxis

1 in 5 Sore Throats Tied to Scary Bacteria, Study Finds

Posted 16 Feb 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 16, 2015 – A potentially deadly bacteria is responsible for one in five sore throats in young adults, a new study suggests. Patients with this bacteria – Fusobacterium necrophorum – can get negative results on a strep test, but be at risk of an abscess that blocks the airway, researchers report. "If it looks like strep but it isn't strep, it could be this," said study author Dr. Robert Centor, a professor of medicine at the University of Alabama School of Medicine at Birmingham. Most sore throats get better without treatment, Centor said. But antibiotics should be prescribed when a patient "has a sore throat with fever, difficulty swallowing and swollen tonsils but a negative strep test," he said. In this study of young people aged 15 to 30, researchers found that more than 20 percent of the sore throats were caused by F. necrophorum – more than the number caused by ... Read more

Related support groups: Bacterial Infection, Strep Throat

Study Links Antibiotics to Digestive Complication in Infants

Posted 16 Feb 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 16, 2015 – Using certain antibiotics early in infancy may raise the risk of a serious gastrointestinal condition called pyloric stenosis, a new study indicates. Doctors have known that using the antibiotic erythromycin can increase the risk of pyloric stenosis in infants. The new findings confirmed that link, and also found that the antibiotic azithromycin (Zithromax) is associated with a higher risk of pyloric stenosis when given to infants under 6 weeks old. "Ingestion of oral azithromycin and erythromycin places young infants at increased the risk of developing [pyloric stenosis]," wrote the study authors, from the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, in Bethesda, Md. "This association is strongest if the exposure occurred in the first two weeks of life, but persists, although to a lesser degree, in children between 2 and 6 weeks of age." However, it's ... Read more

Related support groups: Bacterial Infection, Azithromycin, Zithromax, Erythromycin, Chlamydia Infection, Zithromax Z-Pak, Z-Pak, Erythrocin, Ery-Tab, Pertussis, E-Mycin, Azithromycin Dose Pack, Zithromax TRI-PAK, Zithromax IV, EryPed, Zmax, Ilosone, EES Granules, PCE Dispertab, Erythrocin Lactobionate

Certain Infections Linked to Reduced Risk of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Posted 5 Feb 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 5, 2015 – People with recent gut, urinary tract or genital infections may be less likely to develop rheumatoid arthritis, new research says. The findings are "particularly interesting" in light of recent research suggesting that digestive system bacteria may play a role in the development of rheumatoid arthritis, researchers from the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, said. The study included almost 6,500 people from Sweden. Their average age was 52. About 70 percent were women. More than 2,800 people in the group were diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis between 1996 and 2009. According to the study, having a gut infection within the preceding two years was associated with a lower risk of rheumatoid arthritis by 29 percent. A urinary tract infection was associated with a 22 percent lower risk, while a genital infection was associated with a 20 percent lower risk. ... Read more

Related support groups: Rheumatoid Arthritis, Bacterial Infection

Infection Most Likely Cause of Hospital Readmission After Surgery

Posted 3 Feb 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 3, 2015 – Infections are the most likely reason people end up back in the hospital after surgery, a new study finds. Of nearly 500,000 operations studied, 6 percent of the patients were readmitted for surgical complications within a month after their surgery, researchers found. The number one complication leading to readmission was surgical wound infection, said lead researcher Dr. Karl Bilimoria, an assistant professor of surgery at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago. "Readmissions after surgery are not due to mismanagement or poor care. They are related to well-known and well-accepted complications after surgery," Bilimoria said. He added that knowing why readmissions happen is the first step in reducing them. Currently, the U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services can penalize hospitals for excessive readmission rates. "We don't have ... Read more

Related support groups: Surgery, Bacterial Infection

Certain Heart Drug, Antibiotic Combo Might Be Fatal for Seniors

Posted 2 Feb 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 2, 2015 – The combination of a widely used heart medication and a commonly prescribed antibiotic seems to more than double the risk of sudden death in seniors, a new study says. Spironolactone (brand name Aldactone) is a diuretic widely used in treating heart failure. It protects the heart by blocking a hormone that causes salt and fluid buildup. But taking spironolactone alongside the antibiotic trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (brand names Septra, Bactrim) can cause blood potassium to rise to potentially life-threatening levels, said study lead author Tony Antoniou, a scientist with the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute at St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto. "One of the consequences of a high potassium level is getting these irregular heart rhythms that can be quite dangerous and cause sudden deaths," Antoniou said. To test the potential hazards of this drug combination, ... Read more

Related support groups: Bacterial Infection, Bactrim, Arrhythmia, Heart Failure, Congestive Heart Failure, Spironolactone, Bactrim DS, Septra, Aldactone, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Septra DS, Cotrimoxazole, Sulfatrim, SMZ-TMP DS, Co-trimoxazole, Sulfatrim Pediatric, Cotrim, Bethaprim, Cotrim DS, Bactrim Pediatric

Older Antibiotic Still Works Against Staph Infections, Study Finds

Posted 17 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Oct. 17, 2014 – An older antibiotic called vancomycin is still effective in treating dangerous Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infections, a new study finds. The findings show that doctors should keep using vancomycin to treat Staphylococcus aureus infections even though there are several newer antibiotics available to do the job, University of Nebraska researchers said. They analyzed the outcomes of nearly 8,300 cases of Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infections in the United States and several other countries. The overall death rate was 26 percent. The researchers concluded that vancomycin is still a safe and effective treatment in such cases. Their findings were published Oct. 15 in the Journal of the American Medical Association. "The study provides strong evidence that vancomycin remains highly useful," study leader Dr. Andre Kalil, an infectious diseases specialist ... Read more

Related support groups: Bacterial Infection, Vancomycin, Vancocin, Vancocin HCl, Lyphocin, Vancocin HCl Pulvules

Kids May Leave Hospital Sooner When Antibiotics Are Controlled

Posted 9 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 9, 2014 – New research finds that children who are hospitalized get discharged sooner and come back less often when hospitals take extra efforts to control treatment that uses antibiotics. Some hospitals and other medical facilities have embraced "stewardship programs" designed to make it harder for physicians to prescribe antibiotic medications without a good reason. While antibiotics can often effectively treat and cure infections, their overuse has allowed certain germs to develop resistance and keep people sick despite the use of powerful drugs. "Studies have shown stewardship programs reduce antibiotic use and decrease the risk of antibiotic resistance, but this is the first to demonstrate that these programs actually reduce length of [hospital] stay and readmission in children," said Dr. Jason Newland, study lead author and medical director of patient safety and ... Read more

Related support groups: Bacterial Infection

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Bacterial Vaginitis, Bacterial Skin Infection, Tetanus, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Bacteremia, Fusospirochetosis - Trench Mouth, Bartonellosis, Streptococcal Infection, Cutaneous Bacillus anthracis, view more... Mycoplasma Pneumonia, Actinomycosis, Brucellosis, Granuloma Inguinale, Tularemia (Rabbit Fever), Tularemia, Anthrax, Tuberculosis, Nocardiosis, Lemierre's Syndrome, Ehrlichiosis, Pertussis, Legionella Pneumonia, Lymphogranuloma Venereum, Leprosy, Leptospirosis, Gram Negative Infection, Atypical Mycobacterial Infection, Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare, Meningitis - Meningococcal, Q Fever, Mycobacterium kansasii, Diphtheria, Meningitis - Pneumococcal, Infectious Endocarditis, Meningitis - Streptococcus Group B, Glanders, Meningitis - Haemophilus influenzae, Botulism, Infections

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