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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Blog

Related terms: ADHD, Attention Deficit Disorder, Childhood hyperkinesis, ADD

Smoking While Pregnant Linked to ADHD in Children

Posted 3 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 21, 2014 – Children born to women who smoked during pregnancy appear to have an increased risk of developing attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to new research. The new study also hints – but doesn't prove – that nicotine-replacement products used during pregnancy, such as patches and gum, could pose the same risk to children. Still, this study suggests that nicotine itself, not just tobacco, may be a hazard during pregnancy. "We've been lulled into a false sense of security, thinking that if we can just get mothers to stop smoking and onto nicotine replacement, it will protect against any kinds of fetal damage in the developing child. This is a stark injection of reality about how that may not be the case," said Dr. Timothy Wilens, director of the Center for Addiction Medicine and acting chief of child psychiatry at Massachusetts General Hospital ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Smoking

ADHD Drugs May Up Risk of Heart Problems in Kids, Study Finds

Posted 3 Jul 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 3, 2014 – Whether drugs used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder boost the risk of heart conditions in children remains a subject of concern. Now, research from Denmark suggests medications such as Ritalin and Concerta make rare cardiac problems twice as likely, although still uncommon. "The risk of adverse cardiac effects of ADHD medication is real and should not be forgotten," said study lead author Dr. Soren Dalsgaard, an associate professor at Aarhus University. However, doctors and parents should not be alarmed and take kids off stimulant medication if they have benefits from it and no cardiac symptoms, he said. "But we should continue to monitor cardiovascular status," he added. The findings aren't definitive because they don't prove cause-and-effect and they seem to conflict with some previous research that looked at fewer heart conditions over ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Hypertension, Concerta, Ritalin, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Metadate ER, Quillivant XR

Kids With ADHD More Likely to Abuse Drugs: Analysis

Posted 30 Jun 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 30, 2014 – Children suffering from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are more than twice as likely to try and abuse drugs, a new analysis finds. However, that does not mean that the medications that are prescribed to treat the most common childhood disorder in the United States play a part in that increased risk. In fact, "one of the main points [of the finding] is that treating ADHD both with behavioral techniques and medications seems to lower the risk of substance abuse," said analysis co-author Dr. Sharon Levy, director of the adolescent substance abuse program at Boston Children's Hospital. Although stimulants used to treat ADHD can be addictive, there is no evidence that using them increases the risk of substance abuse, Levy said. These medications include amphetamines, such as Adderall or Dexedrine, and methylphenidate (Concerta, Metadate CD or ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Dextroamphetamine, Dexedrine, Methylin, Daytrana, Substance Abuse, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Dextrostat, ProCentra, Zenzedi, Metadate ER

Health Tip: Communicate With an ADHD Child

Posted 28 Jun 2014 by Drugs.com

-- It can be difficult to capture the attention of a child with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The University of Michigan Health System offers these suggestions: Avoid shouting instructions at the child. Put your hands on the child's shoulders, kneel down and acknowledge when the child makes eye contact, then provide clear instructions. Give instructions one at a time, breaking down a large task into several smaller ones. Make frequent eye contact with the child and repeat your instructions. For multiple-step instructions, make a checklist that covers everything. Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

No Sign That ADHD Meds Raise Suicide Risk: Study

Posted 22 Jun 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 20, 2014 – Drugs used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) do not increase the risk of suicide attempts or suicide, and may actually provide a protective effect, a new study suggests. Prior research had hinted that ADHD drugs might raise the risk of suicidal behavior, according to the authors of the new report. However, they believe that the findings of those studies were questionable due to their studies' small size or the methods used. The new study, led by Henrik Larsson of the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, included all of the nearly 38,000 people in Sweden diagnosed with ADHD between 1960 and 1996. Larsson's team tracked their rates of suicidal behaviors between 2006 through 2009, at times when they were taking ADHD drugs or not taking the medications. The result: The study found no evidence that taking ADHD drugs raised the risk of ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Vyvanse, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Focalin, Methylphenidate, Focalin XR, Dextroamphetamine, Dexedrine, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Dexmethylphenidate, Lisdexamfetamine, Ritalin-SR

Drug Therapy May Lower Odds That Kids With ADHD Will Smoke

Posted 12 May 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 12, 2014 – Children taking medications to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) – such as Adderall, Ritalin and Vyvanse – are less likely to smoke, according to a new analysis. Kids with ADHD who were treated with these so-called stimulant medications were about half as likely to smoke as children with this disorder who weren't treated with these medications, researchers found. "We found an association between getting treated with stimulant medications and having a lower risk of smoking in adolescence and adulthood," said study researcher Erin Schoenfelder, clinical psychologist at Duke University School of Medicine in Durham, N.C. The study, which was funded by the U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse, is published online May 12 and in the June print issue of the journal Pediatrics. About 11 percent of American children aged 4 to 17 have a diagnosis of ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Vyvanse, Ritalin

Kids With ADHD May Also Suffer Family Troubles

Posted 6 May 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 6, 2014 – New research indicates that children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder may be more likely to be part of families that are affected by poverty, divorce, neighborhood violence and substance abuse. "Our findings suggest that children with ADHD experience significantly higher rates of trauma than those without ADHD," study author Dr. Nicole Brown said in a news release from the American Academy of Pediatrics. "Providers may focus on ADHD as the primary diagnosis and overlook the possible presence of a trauma history, which may impact treatment." The researchers analyzed the answers of parents of 65,680 children aged 6-17 who responded to a 2011 survey. About 12 percent of the kids had been diagnosed with ADHD, and their parents reported higher rates of various problems than the parents of kids without ADHD did. "Knowledge about the prevalence and types of ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Many Ivy League Students Admit Using ADHD Drugs for Better Grades: Study

Posted 2 May 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 2, 2014 – Almost one in five Ivy League college students acknowledge they've used stimulants to perform better in school even though they haven't been diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a new study shows. Varsity athletes and students in fraternities and sororities were more likely to report using the medications. However, about half of those who'd used the drugs said they'd done so fewer than four times, suggesting that regular use of the drugs is limited to a small number of students overall. It's not clear if the students surveyed are representative of their university or of American colleges at large. Still, the findings reflect other research that suggests stimulant use is a problem on college campuses across the country, said study co-author Dr. Andrew Adesman, chief of developmental and behavioral pediatrics at Steven and Alexandra Cohen ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Adderall XR, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine

ADHD Drug Ritalin Boosted Self-Control in Tests

Posted 25 Apr 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, April 25, 2014 – Ritalin, a drug used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, may help people maintain self-control so they can stick to a diet or a boring project, a new study suggests. Despite the findings, you shouldn't start using Ritalin to assist your self-control, the study authors cautioned. Ritalin is a powerful psychiatric drug that should only be taken with a prescription. Previous research suggests that maintaining self-control for long stretches of time can deplete that attribute, said the authors of the U.S. National Institutes of Health-funded study. "It is as if self-control is a limited resource that 'runs out' if it is used too much," lead researcher Chandra Sripada, of the University of Michigan, said in a journal news release. "If we could figure out the brain mechanisms that cause regulatory depletion, then maybe we could find a way to prevent ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Metadate ER, Quillivant XR

1 in 13 U.S. Schoolkids Takes Psych Meds: Report

Posted 24 Apr 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 24, 2014 – More than 7 percent of American schoolchildren are taking at least one medication for emotional or behavioral difficulties, a new government report shows. Apparently, the medications are working: More than half of the parents said the drugs are helping their children, according to the report. "We can't advise parents on what they should do, but I think it's positive that over half of parents reported that medications helped 'a lot,' " said report author LaJeana Howie, a statistical research scientist at the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics. Howie and her colleagues weren't able to identify the specific disorders the children were being treated for, although she said 81 percent of the children with emotional or behavioral difficulties had been diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) at some point in their lives. The researchers ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder

Language Problems Common for Kids With ADHD, Study Finds

Posted 21 Apr 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 21, 2014 – Children who have attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder are nearly three times more likely to have language problems than kids without ADHD, according to new research. And those language difficulties can have far-reaching academic consequences, the study found. The study, published online April 21 in Pediatrics, looked at 6- to 8-year-olds with and without ADHD in Australia. "We found that 40 percent of children in the ADHD group had language problems, compared to 17 percent of children in the 'control' group," said Emma Sciberras, a clinical psychologist and post-doctoral research fellow at the Murdoch Children's Research Institute in Victoria, Australia. "Rates of language problems were similar in boys and girls with ADHD," she added. Children with ADHD commonly have trouble with school performance and social functioning. The impact that language problems ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Too Many Foster Kids With ADHD Treated With Antipsychotic Drugs: Study

Posted 13 Apr 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 10, 2014 – Antipsychotic drugs are increasingly being prescribed to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and teens in foster care, according to a new study. The use of these drugs to treat ADHD has not been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, and is known as an "atypical" use, the researchers explained. But their study found that antipsychotics were used to treat nearly one-third of foster care youth aged 2 to 17 who had been diagnosed with ADHD. The most common types of antipsychotics used were risperidone, aripiprazole and quetiapine. The study looked at administrative data on more than 260,000 youths aged 2 to 17, enrolled in one state's Medicaid program in 2006, to determine the average number of days of atypical antipsychotic use in kids. Researchers also looked specifically at a subgroup of kids with ADHD who were not ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Seroquel, Abilify, Zyprexa, Risperdal, Geodon, Risperidone, Saphris, Seroquel XR, Latuda, Quetiapine, Olanzapine, Invega, Clozapine, Clozaril, Aripiprazole, Fanapt, Ziprasidone, Zyprexa Zydis, Asenapine

ADHD Drugs Linked to Later Weight Gain in Kids

Posted 17 Mar 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 17, 2014 – Children diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) tend to gain more weight than their peers as they enter their teen years, a new study finds. The weight differences seem to be most pronounced for kids who had taken stimulant medications to control their symptoms, suggesting that there might be something about the drugs themselves that aggravate the problem, the researchers said. "The reason we think it is more likely to be the drugs than the diagnosis is because the earlier the drugs were started and the longer the drugs were used, the stronger the effects," said study author Dr. Brian Schwartz, an epidemiologist at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, in Baltimore. "If you agree with the reports that stimulants may be over-prescribed, then this is another important cost of that over-treatment – kids who have dramatic ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Metadate ER, Quillivant XR

Autism, ADHD Tied to Gender Concerns in Some Kids: Study

Posted 12 Mar 2014 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 12, 2014 – The desire to be another gender appears to be more common among children with autism or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a new study. Researchers looked at children aged 6 to 18 and found that gender identity issues were about 7.6 times more common in those with an autism spectrum disorder and 6.6 times more common in those with ADHD than in those with neither of the disorders. The study also found that youngsters who wanted to be another gender (known as gender variance) had higher levels of anxiety and depression symptoms. But kids with autism had lower levels of such symptoms than kids with ADHD, possibly because they're not aware that many people have a negative view of gender variance, the researchers suggested. The study, published in the March online edition of the journal Archives of Sexual Behavior, is the first to ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Kids With ADHD May Face Higher Obesity Risk as Teens

Posted 6 Mar 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 6, 2014 – It might seem surprising for a condition with "hyperactivity" in its name, but a new study finds that kids who had attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder during childhood were more likely to be inactive and obese as teens. Researchers followed nearly 7,000 children in Finland and found that the 9 percent who had symptoms of ADHD at age 8 were more likely to be physically inactive and obese at age 16. The investigators also found that children who were less likely to be physically active at age 8 were more likely to have inattention when they were teens. Moreover, they found that a condition called "conduct disorder," which the researchers said is related to ADHD, increased the risk of teen physical inactivity and obesity. Conduct disorder involves tendencies toward delinquency, rule breaking and violence. The study was published online recently in the ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Obesity

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