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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Blog

Related terms: ADHD, Attention Deficit Disorder, Childhood hyperkinesis, ADD

Too Many Foster Kids With ADHD Treated With Antipsychotic Drugs: Study

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 10, 2014 – Antipsychotic drugs are increasingly being prescribed to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and teens in foster care, according to a new study. The use of these drugs to treat ADHD has not been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, and is known as an "atypical" use, the researchers explained. But their study found that antipsychotics were used to treat nearly one-third of foster care youth aged 2 to 17 who had been diagnosed with ADHD. The most common types of antipsychotics used were risperidone, aripiprazole and quetiapine. The study looked at administrative data on more than 260,000 youths aged 2 to 17, enrolled in one state's Medicaid program in 2006, to determine the average number of days of atypical antipsychotic use in kids. Researchers also looked specifically at a subgroup of kids with ADHD who were not ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Seroquel, Abilify, Zyprexa, Risperdal, Geodon, Risperidone, Saphris, Seroquel XR, Latuda, Quetiapine, Olanzapine, Invega, Clozapine, Clozaril, Aripiprazole, Fanapt, Ziprasidone, Zyprexa Zydis, Asenapine

ADHD Drugs Linked to Later Weight Gain in Kids

Posted 17 Mar 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 17, 2014 – Children diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) tend to gain more weight than their peers as they enter their teen years, a new study finds. The weight differences seem to be most pronounced for kids who had taken stimulant medications to control their symptoms, suggesting that there might be something about the drugs themselves that aggravate the problem, the researchers said. "The reason we think it is more likely to be the drugs than the diagnosis is because the earlier the drugs were started and the longer the drugs were used, the stronger the effects," said study author Dr. Brian Schwartz, an epidemiologist at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, in Baltimore. "If you agree with the reports that stimulants may be over-prescribed, then this is another important cost of that over-treatment – kids who have dramatic ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Methylin ER, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Ritalin-SR, Metadate ER, Quillivant XR

Autism, ADHD Tied to Gender Concerns in Some Kids: Study

Posted 12 Mar 2014 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 12, 2014 – The desire to be another gender appears to be more common among children with autism or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a new study. Researchers looked at children aged 6 to 18 and found that gender identity issues were about 7.6 times more common in those with an autism spectrum disorder and 6.6 times more common in those with ADHD than in those with neither of the disorders. The study also found that youngsters who wanted to be another gender (known as gender variance) had higher levels of anxiety and depression symptoms. But kids with autism had lower levels of such symptoms than kids with ADHD, possibly because they're not aware that many people have a negative view of gender variance, the researchers suggested. The study, published in the March online edition of the journal Archives of Sexual Behavior, is the first to ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Kids With ADHD May Face Higher Obesity Risk as Teens

Posted 6 Mar 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 6, 2014 – It might seem surprising for a condition with "hyperactivity" in its name, but a new study finds that kids who had attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder during childhood were more likely to be inactive and obese as teens. Researchers followed nearly 7,000 children in Finland and found that the 9 percent who had symptoms of ADHD at age 8 were more likely to be physically inactive and obese at age 16. The investigators also found that children who were less likely to be physically active at age 8 were more likely to have inattention when they were teens. Moreover, they found that a condition called "conduct disorder," which the researchers said is related to ADHD, increased the risk of teen physical inactivity and obesity. Conduct disorder involves tendencies toward delinquency, rule breaking and violence. The study was published online recently in the ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Obesity

Use of Tylenol in Pregnancy Tied to Higher ADHD Risk in Child

Posted 24 Feb 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 24, 2014 – Expectant mothers suffering from fever or headache may face a new dilemma when they open the medicine cabinet. Pregnant women who take acetaminophen – best known under the brand name Tylenol – might be more likely to have a child with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a new long-term study suggests. Acetaminophen is the most commonly used over-the-counter medication for pregnant women who experience fever or pain. Children whose mothers took acetaminophen while pregnant had up to a 40 percent higher risk of being diagnosed with ADHD, according to the research, which involved more than 64,000 Danish mothers and their children. The kids were born between 1996 and 2002. By the age of 7, these children also were more likely to use ADHD medication and exhibit ADHD-like behavior problems, according to the study, published Feb. 24 in the journal JAMA ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Percocet, Vicodin, Norco, Tylenol, Lortab, Acetaminophen, Fioricet, Paracetamol, Darvocet-N 100, Endocet, Excedrin, Tylenol PM, NyQuil, Ultracet, Tylenol with Codeine, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Roxicet, Tylenol with Codeine 3, Percocet 10/325

Kids With ADHD May Benefit From 'Brain Wave' Training in School: Study

Posted 17 Feb 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 17, 2014 – New research suggests that children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may benefit from getting a type of training during school hours that monitors their brain waves to help improve attention. The study involved 104 elementary school children with ADHD who were randomly assigned to one of three groups: a brain-wave monitoring ("neurofeedback") group; a cognitive attention training group; and a "control" group. The students attended one of 19 public elementary schools in the greater Boston area. They received three 45-minute sessions per week of either neurofeedback training or cognitive attention training, while the control group received no treatment. Six months later, the researchers followed up on the kids with parent questionnaires and classroom observations made by researchers who did not know which child had received which treatment. ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Drivers With ADHD May Be at Higher Risk for Serious Crashes

Posted 29 Jan 2014 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 29, 2014 – Drivers with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are nearly 50 percent more likely to be in a serious car crash, a new study suggests. Further, men with ADHD can dramatically decrease their risk of traffic accidents if they take medication for their condition, the Swedish researchers said. "This study confirms the importance of treatment and medication for adults with ADHD as well as teens," said Ruth Hughes, CEO of Children and Adults With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, a patient advocacy group. "The core symptoms of ADHD include problems with sustained attention and impulsivity, which can have an adverse effect on driving safely," said Hughes, who was not involved in the new study. "All drivers with ADHD need to responsibly manage their treatment to reduce driving risks." The new findings come from a review of more than 17,000 people ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Landmark ADHD Study Backed Drugs Over Therapy at a Cost: Report

Posted 30 Dec 2013 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 30, 2013 – Many children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may have missed out on valuable counseling because of a widely touted study that concluded stimulants such as Ritalin or Adderall were more effective for treating the disorder than medication plus behavioral therapies, experts say. That 20-year-old study, funded with $11 million from the U.S. National Institute of Mental Health, concluded that the medications outperformed a combination of stimulants plus skills-training therapy or therapy alone as a long-term treatment. But now experts, who include some of the study's authors, think that relying on such a narrow avenue of treatment may deprive children, their families and their teachers of effective strategies for coping with ADHD, The New York Times reported Monday. "I hope it didn't do irreparable damage," study co-author Dr. Lily Hechtman, of ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Methylin ER, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Ritalin-SR, Metadate ER, Quillivant XR

FDA Medwatch Alert: Methylphenidate ADHD Medications: Drug Safety Communication - Risk of Long-lasting Erections

Posted 17 Dec 2013 by Drugs.com

ISSUE: FDA is warning that methylphenidate products (including Concerta, Daytrana, Focalin/Focalin XR, Metadate CD/Metadate ER, Methylin/Methylin ER, Quillivant XR, Ritalin/Ritalin LA/Ritalin SR), one type of stimulant drug used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), may in rare instances cause prolonged and sometimes painful erections known as priapism. Based on a recent review of methylphenidate products, FDA updated drug labels and patient Medication Guides to include information about the rare but serious risk of priapism. If not treated right away, priapism can lead to permanent damage to the penis. Priapism can occur in males of any age and happens when blood in the penis becomes trapped, leading to an abnormally long-lasting and sometimes painful erection. Another ADHD drug, Strattera (atomoxetine), has also been associated with priapism in children, teens, and ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Strattera, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Methylin ER, Atomoxetine, Ritalin-SR, Metadate ER, Priapism, Quillivant XR

Many ADHD Drugs Linked to Painful Erections: FDA

Posted 17 Dec 2013 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 17, 2013 – In rare cases, Ritalin and some other drugs used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can cause long-lasting and sometimes painful erections, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Tuesday. If this condition – called priapism – is not treated immediately, it can cause permanent damage to the penis. ADHD medications that have been linked to priapism include methylphenidate products, which are central nervous system stimulants. Methylphenidate goes by the brand names Ritalin, Concerta, Daytrana, Focalin, Metadate, Methylin and Quillivant. A non-stimulant ADHD drug called Strattera (atomoxetine) has also been linked with priapism in children, teens and adults. Based on a recent review of these products, the FDA has told manufacturers to update the drugs' labels and patient medication guides. "There have been very few case reports on this ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Strattera, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Methylin ER, Atomoxetine, Ritalin-SR, Metadate ER, Priapism, Quillivant XR

More Than 6 Percent of U.S. Teens Take Psychiatric Meds: Survey

Posted 4 Dec 2013 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2013 – Slightly more than 6 percent of U.S. teens take prescription medications for a mental health condition such as depression or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a new survey shows. The survey also revealed a wide gap in psychiatric drug use across ethnic and racial groups. Earlier studies have documented a rise in the use of these medications among teens, but they mainly looked at high-risk groups such as children who have been hospitalized for psychiatric problems. The new survey provides a snapshot of the number of adolescents in the general population who took a psychiatric drug in the past month from 2005 to 2010. Teens aged 12 to 19 typically took drugs to treat depression or ADHD, the two most common mental health disorders in that age group. About 4 percent of kids aged 12 to 17 have experienced a bout of depression, the study found. ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Mother's Smoking, Early Birth May Raise ADHD Risk in Children

Posted 3 Dec 2013 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 3, 2013 – A new study from Australia sheds more light on what environmental factors might raise the risk for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). "Compared with mothers whose children did not have ADHD, mothers of children with ADHD were more likely to be younger, single, smoked in pregnancy, had some complications of pregnancy and labor, and were more likely to have given birth slightly earlier," said study co-author Dr. Carol Bower, a senior principal research fellow with the Center for Child Health Research at the University of Western Australia. "It did not make any difference if the child was a girl or a boy." The researchers did find that girls were less likely to have ADHD if their mothers had received the hormone oxytocin to speed up labor. Previous research had suggested its use during childbirth might actually increase the risk of ADHD. The causes of ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Smoking

Low Iron in Brain a Sign of ADHD?

Posted 2 Dec 2013 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 2, 2013 – A newer MRI method can detect low iron levels in the brains of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The method could help doctors and parents make better informed decisions about medication, a new study says. Psychostimulant drugs used to treat ADHD affect levels of the brain chemical dopamine. Because iron is required to process dopamine, using MRI to assess iron levels in the brain may provide a noninvasive, indirect measure of the chemical, explained study author Vitria Adisetiyo, a postdoctoral research fellow at the Medical University of South Carolina. If these findings are confirmed in larger studies, this technique might help improve ADHD diagnosis and treatment, according to Adisetiyo. The method might allow researchers to measure dopamine levels without injecting the patient with a substance that enhances imaging, she said. ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Iron Deficiency Anemia

Sunny Regions Reflect Lower ADHD Rates: Study

Posted 29 Oct 2013 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 29 – Sunny days can be a big distraction for those who are tethered to their desks, but a new study suggests that sunlight may actually lower the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Scientists mapped the number of ADHD diagnoses across the United States and in nine other countries. They compared those rates to the intensity of sunlight those regions receive year-round. Regions that got the most sun had rates of ADHD diagnoses that were about half as high as regions that got the least, according to the research. "The maps line up almost perfectly," said study author Martijn Arns, director of Brainclinics, in the department of experimental psychology at Utrecht University in Nijmegen, Netherlands. In the United States, the sunniest states were in the Southwest and West and included Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico and Utah. Rates ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Many Kids With Autism on Multiple Medications, Study Finds

Posted 22 Oct 2013 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 22 – Children with autism in the United States routinely take one or more prescription medications, even though little evidence exists regarding the drugs' safety or effectiveness for treating the neurodevelopmental condition, a new study finds. The study of almost 34,000 children with an autism spectrum disorder found nearly two-thirds were prescribed at least one medication. Within that group, more than one-third were given two medications, and one in seven took three drugs. "There are a lot of children who are being treated with psychotropic medications with unknown effects for benefits and harms," said the study's senior author, Dr. Anjali Jain, a managing consultant with the Falls Church, Va.-based Lewin Group, a health care consulting firm. "I hope everyone – parents and providers – will consider these medications with caution," she added. Children with autism ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Autism, Asperger Syndrome

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