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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Blog

Related terms: ADHD, Attention Deficit Disorder, Childhood hyperkinesis, ADD

U.S. Kids Use ADHD Meds More During School Year

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Oct. 17, 2014 – American children's use of stimulant medications is 30 percent higher during the school year than in the summer, a new study indicates. The findings suggest that many children may use stimulants to help them meet academic demands, according to the researchers. Stimulant medications improve concentration and help manage symptoms associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). They are the most widely used type of medication among teens, the researchers said. Currently, about 6 percent of U.S. children use stimulants, up from about 2.4 percent in 1996, the study authors noted. The current study included an analysis of prescriptions written for stimulants in the United States during the 2007 to 2008 school year. The study revealed that use of the drugs during school months is highest among children in wealthier families. Stimulant use during school ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Metadate ER, Quillivant XR

Health Tip: If Your Child's Grades Are Dropping

Posted 2 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

-- If your child is suddenly struggling with school performance, the cause may be a physical health problem. The American Academy of Pediatrics says problems that may contribute to a drop in school performance include: Having a sleep disorder, anemia or a thyroid condition. Contracting infectious mononucleosis. Having hearing or vision problems. Having a learning or developmental disability, such as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), dyslexia or a central auditory processing disorder. Having a substance abuse problem. Read more

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ADHD Can Hamper School Performance as Early as 2nd Grade, Study Says

Posted 29 Sep 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 29, 2014 – Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder can harm a child's academic performance and social skills as early as the second grade, a new Australian study contends. Children between 6 and 8 years old who were tested and scored high for ADHD symptoms were more likely to get lower grades in elementary school and have trouble fitting in with other kids, compared with children without ADHD, the study authors reported. Kids with ADHD also were more likely to have other mental health or developmental disorders, including anxiety, depression and autism, according to the study. "Already at this stage, which is relatively young, it's very clear the children have important functional problems in every domain we registered," said study lead author Dr. Daryl Efron, a developmental-behavioral pediatrician with the Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne. "On every measure, we ... Read more

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Many Kids With ADHD May Be Missing Out on Talk Therapy

Posted 25 Sep 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 25, 2014 – Only one of four American children who has health insurance and has been prescribed medication to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) also receives some form of talk therapy, according to a new study. The findings raise concerns that doctors may just be prescribing pills for behavior problems, rather than targeting kids' specific difficulties through judicious use of medication and therapy, said lead author Dr. Walid Gellad, an adjunct scientist at RAND Corporation, a nonprofit research organization. "Drug therapy targets the core symptoms of ADHD, but when you talk about other aspects of functioning like educational performance and conduct problems, it appears that talk therapy may improve outcomes for many children," Gellad said. "In some kids, it is better than drug therapy alone," he added. Access to therapy is extremely restricted in ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Kids Taking ADHD Drugs Get Little Psychotherapy: Study

Posted 23 Sep 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 23, 2014 – Few children who take medication for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) also undergo behavioral therapy, and the rates vary six-fold across counties in the United States, a new study finds. Medication alone can manage symptoms for many children with ADHD, but some do better if they also receive behavioral therapy (psychotherapy), the Rand Corp. researchers noted. The researchers analyzed data in more than 1,500 counties across the United States that included more than 300,000 privately insured children, aged 17 and younger, who were prescribed ADHD drugs. Less than a quarter of them received any psychotherapy in the same year they took ADHD medications; 13 percent had at least four therapy visits, and seven percent had at least eight therapy sessions. In some counties, fewer than 10 percent of kids taking ADHD drugs got behavioral therapy, ... Read more

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Study Sees Differences in Brain Connections of Kids With ADHD

Posted 15 Sep 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 15, 2014 – Key connections between brain networks seem to mature more slowly in young people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a new study. These connections within and between certain brain networks control internally directed thought, such as daydreaming, and influence the ability to focus on external tasks. This slower development of these important connections could shed light on why those with ADHD are easily distracted or have trouble staying focused, the researchers said. "It is particularly noteworthy that the networks we found to have lagging maturation in ADHD are linked to the very behaviors that are the symptoms of ADHD," said the study's lead author, Dr. Chandra Sripada, an assistant professor and psychiatrist at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. The researchers said their findings might one day help doctors use brain ... Read more

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Medications Plus Parent Training May Help Kids With Aggression, ADHD

Posted 11 Sep 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 11, 2014 – Combining two medications with parent training appears to improve anger, irritability and violent tendencies in children whose attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is coupled with severe aggression, a new study suggests. "Augmented" therapy that consists of stimulant and antipsychotic drugs, along with parent training in behavioral management techniques, was rated more effective by parents than "basic" therapy pairing only the stimulant and parent training, researchers found. "An important finding of this study was that at the end of nine weeks, approximately half of all children receiving basic therapy were still rated by their parents as being impaired... with symptoms interfering with school or social functioning," said study author Kenneth Gadow, a professor of psychiatry at Stony Brook University in New York. "In the augmented group receiving ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Risperdal, Risperidone, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Methylin ER, Risperdal Consta, Ritalin-SR, Risperdal M-Tab, Quillivant XR, Metadate ER

ADHD Medications Won't Stunt Kids' Growth, Study Finds

Posted 2 Sep 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 2, 2014 – Stimulant medications – such as Adderall, Ritalin and Concerta – used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, won't stunt their growth, a new study suggests. "Stimulant medication did not affect children's final height as adults," said study researcher Dr. Slavica Katusic, an associate professor of pediatrics at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn. Katusic noted that results of earlier studies have been mixed, with some showing these drugs retard growth and others showing they don't. But, most of the previous studies had limitations, such as having too few children or spotty information about adult height, she said. Katusic said this study is unique because it followed a group of people with ADHD who were taking stimulant medications and compared them with a group with ADHD who were not taking medication and also a group that ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Metadate ER, Quillivant XR

Do Antidepressants in Pregnancy Raise Risks for Mental Woes in Kids?

Posted 27 Aug 2014 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 27, 2014 – There's been controversy for years over whether the use of common antidepressants by women during their pregnancies might raise the odds of mental health issues in their children. Now, a study involving more than 13,000 children finds no rise in the risk of autism in children whose mothers used an antidepressant while pregnant, but some data suggesting a heightened risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in these youngsters. The findings challenge prior research pointing to a link between exposure to antidepressants in the womb and a greater risk of autism. Instead, severe maternal depression may be the risk factor boosting a child's odds for autism – not any antidepressant a woman took during her pregnancy, the new study's authors said. "We know that untreated depression can pose serious health risks to both a mother and child, so it's ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Lexapro, Zoloft, Prozac, Celexa, Paxil, Citalopram, Sertraline, Fluoxetine, Escitalopram, Paroxetine, Luvox, Brintellix, Paxil CR, Fluvoxamine, Sarafem, Luvox CR, Brisdelle, Pexeva

Smoking While Pregnant Linked to ADHD in Children

Posted 21 Jul 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 21, 2014 – Children born to women who smoked during pregnancy appear to have an increased risk of developing attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to new research. The new study also hints – but doesn't prove – that nicotine-replacement products used during pregnancy, such as patches and gum, could pose the same risk to children. Still, this study suggests that nicotine itself, not just tobacco, may be a hazard during pregnancy. "We've been lulled into a false sense of security, thinking that if we can just get mothers to stop smoking and onto nicotine replacement, it will protect against any kinds of fetal damage in the developing child. This is a stark injection of reality about how that may not be the case," said Dr. Timothy Wilens, director of the Center for Addiction Medicine and acting chief of child psychiatry at Massachusetts General Hospital ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Smoking

ADHD Drugs May Up Risk of Heart Problems in Kids, Study Finds

Posted 3 Jul 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 3, 2014 – Whether drugs used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder boost the risk of heart conditions in children remains a subject of concern. Now, research from Denmark suggests medications such as Ritalin and Concerta make rare cardiac problems twice as likely, although still uncommon. "The risk of adverse cardiac effects of ADHD medication is real and should not be forgotten," said study lead author Dr. Soren Dalsgaard, an associate professor at Aarhus University. However, doctors and parents should not be alarmed and take kids off stimulant medication if they have benefits from it and no cardiac symptoms, he said. "But we should continue to monitor cardiovascular status," he added. The findings aren't definitive because they don't prove cause-and-effect and they seem to conflict with some previous research that looked at fewer heart conditions over ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Hypertension, Concerta, Ritalin, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Metadate ER

Kids With ADHD More Likely to Abuse Drugs: Analysis

Posted 30 Jun 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 30, 2014 – Children suffering from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are more than twice as likely to try and abuse drugs, a new analysis finds. However, that does not mean that the medications that are prescribed to treat the most common childhood disorder in the United States play a part in that increased risk. In fact, "one of the main points [of the finding] is that treating ADHD both with behavioral techniques and medications seems to lower the risk of substance abuse," said analysis co-author Dr. Sharon Levy, director of the adolescent substance abuse program at Boston Children's Hospital. Although stimulants used to treat ADHD can be addictive, there is no evidence that using them increases the risk of substance abuse, Levy said. These medications include amphetamines, such as Adderall or Dexedrine, and methylphenidate (Concerta, Metadate CD or ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Dextroamphetamine, Dexedrine, Methylin, Daytrana, Substance Abuse, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Dextrostat, Ritalin-SR, ProCentra, Zenzedi, Quillivant XR

Health Tip: Communicate With an ADHD Child

Posted 28 Jun 2014 by Drugs.com

-- It can be difficult to capture the attention of a child with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The University of Michigan Health System offers these suggestions: Avoid shouting instructions at the child. Put your hands on the child's shoulders, kneel down and acknowledge when the child makes eye contact, then provide clear instructions. Give instructions one at a time, breaking down a large task into several smaller ones. Make frequent eye contact with the child and repeat your instructions. For multiple-step instructions, make a checklist that covers everything. Read more

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No Sign That ADHD Meds Raise Suicide Risk: Study

Posted 22 Jun 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 20, 2014 – Drugs used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) do not increase the risk of suicide attempts or suicide, and may actually provide a protective effect, a new study suggests. Prior research had hinted that ADHD drugs might raise the risk of suicidal behavior, according to the authors of the new report. However, they believe that the findings of those studies were questionable due to their studies' small size or the methods used. The new study, led by Henrik Larsson of the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, included all of the nearly 38,000 people in Sweden diagnosed with ADHD between 1960 and 1996. Larsson's team tracked their rates of suicidal behaviors between 2006 through 2009, at times when they were taking ADHD drugs or not taking the medications. The result: The study found no evidence that taking ADHD drugs raised the risk of ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Vyvanse, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Focalin, Methylphenidate, Focalin XR, Dextroamphetamine, Dexedrine, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Lisdexamfetamine, Dexmethylphenidate, Dextrostat

Drug Therapy May Lower Odds That Kids With ADHD Will Smoke

Posted 12 May 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 12, 2014 – Children taking medications to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) – such as Adderall, Ritalin and Vyvanse – are less likely to smoke, according to a new analysis. Kids with ADHD who were treated with these so-called stimulant medications were about half as likely to smoke as children with this disorder who weren't treated with these medications, researchers found. "We found an association between getting treated with stimulant medications and having a lower risk of smoking in adolescence and adulthood," said study researcher Erin Schoenfelder, clinical psychologist at Duke University School of Medicine in Durham, N.C. The study, which was funded by the U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse, is published online May 12 and in the June print issue of the journal Pediatrics. About 11 percent of American children aged 4 to 17 have a diagnosis of ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Vyvanse, Ritalin

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