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Related terms: Voluntary starvation, Eating disorder, anorexia

Pride Over Weight Loss May Help Drive Anorexia

Posted 6 Aug 2014 by

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 6, 2014 – Women with the eating disorder anorexia nervosa feel a sense of pride about their weight loss, and this positive emotion may play a major role in the deadly condition, according to a new study. "What we think happens is that positive emotions become exaggerated and are rewarding these maladaptive behaviors," study author Edward Selby, an assistant professor in the psychology department at Rutgers University in New Brunswick, N.J., said in a university news release. Over two weeks, the researchers assessed the emotional states of 118 women, ages 18-58, being treated for anorexia nervosa. Along with negative emotions, the women also felt positive about being able to meet or exceed their weight-loss goals. The study was published in the July issue of the journal Clinical Psychological Science. People with anorexia often starve themselves or exercise obsessively ... Read more

Related support groups: Anorexia, Anorexia nervosa

Eating Disorders Can Last Well Beyond Teen Years

Posted 28 Dec 2011 by

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 28 – Eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia are typically thought to be diseases of young women and men. But researchers are finding that the personal demons that drive a young person to an eating disorder may linger into adulthood. More and more middle-aged and older people are coming forward to receive treatment for eating problems that began in their youth and have been reignited by adult stress or personal crises. "Some had actual eating disorders" when they were younger, and "others had aspects of an eating disorder but were never fully treated," said Dr. Ed Tyson, an eating disorders specialist in Austin, Texas. "Then something happens later in life that stresses them to a point where the eating disorder becomes engaged." The Renfrew Center, which operates a number of eating disorder clinics in the United States, has seen a 42 percent increase in ... Read more

Related support groups: Eating Disorder, Anorexia, Bulimia, Anorexia nervosa

Aging Brain's Decline May Hinge on a Gene

Posted 25 Oct 2011 by

TUESDAY, Oct. 25 – Researchers have identified a gene variation that seems to have a major effect on the rate at which men experience an age-related decline in intellectual function. The study included 144 experienced U.S. male pilots over the age of 40 who took a Federal Aviation Administration-approved flight simulator test three times over two years. The participants included recreational pilots, certified flight instructors and airline pilots. Using blood and saliva samples from the pilots, the researchers also conducted genetic analyses, looking for the gene that produces a protein called brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF). The BDNF gene is considered critical to the development and maintenance of the central nervous system. Levels decline gradually with age, but the findings of this study suggest that a variant of the gene hastens that process. To test their theory, the ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Depression, Ischemic Stroke, Schizophrenia, Anorexia nervosa

Eating Disorders Can Harm Women's Fertility

Posted 4 Aug 2011 by

THURSDAY, Aug. 4 – Women with the eating disorders anorexia and bulimia may take a bit longer to get pregnant than other women, a new study has found. U.K. researchers asked 11,088 pregnant women to complete questionnaires at 12 and 18 weeks of gestation. Of those women, 171 (1.5 percent) had anorexia at some point in their lives, 199 (1.8 percent) had bulimia, and another 82 (0.7 percent) had experienced both conditions. A larger proportion of the women with the eating disorders took more than six months to conceive compared to those with no history of eating disorders (39.5 percent vs 25 percent). However, women with eating disorders weren't more likely to take longer than 12 months to conceive, the investigators found. Women with anorexia or bulimia were more than twice as likely to have received treatment or help to get pregnant, 6.2 percent vs. 2.7 percent. The study also found ... Read more

Related support groups: Female Infertility, Anorexia, Bulimia, Anorexia nervosa

Eating Disorders Appear to Raise Risk of Death

Posted 5 Jul 2011 by

TUESDAY, July 5 – People with eating disorders, especially those with anorexia nervosa, have an increased risk of death, a new study indicates. English researchers analyzed 36 English-language studies – published between January 2006 and September 2010 – that looked at anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and eating disorders not otherwise specified. Anorexics mistakenly believe they are fat and deny themselves food. Bulimics overeat and purge, usually by vomiting or using laxatives. There were a total of 17,272 patients in the studies, which reported 755 deaths. The meta-analysis revealed that for each 1,000 person-years, 5.1 deaths occurred among anorexia patients (1.3 of which were suicide), 1.7 deaths among bulimia patients, and 3.3 deaths among patients with other eating disorders. (A meta-analysis pools and analyzes statistical data from different studies investigating similar ... Read more

Related support groups: Anorexia nervosa

Eating Disorders More Prevalent Than Thought Among American Teens

Posted 8 Mar 2011 by

MONDAY, March 7 – Many American adolescents suffer from an eating disorder and struggle with related psychiatric disorders, including suicidal tendencies, new research reveals. "The prevalence of these disorders is higher than previously expected in this age range, and the patterns of [co-existing illnesses], role impairment and suicidality indicate that eating disorders represent a major public health concern," the researchers wrote. "This article aptly points out that we should not dismiss eating disorders as a public health problem simply because their prevalence is lower than some other major mental illnesses," said Mary Tantillo, director of the Western New York Comprehensive Care Center for Eating Disorders and an associate professor of clinical nursing at the University of Rochester School of Nursing. "The magnitude of what happens because of eating disorders – severe mental ... Read more

Related support groups: Psychiatric Disorders, Bulimia, Anorexia nervosa

Self-Drawings May Reveal Hidden Eating Disorders

Posted 16 Feb 2011 by

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 16 – The way women draw themselves may help reveal whether they have an eating disorder, researchers suggest. They found that women with anorexia or bulimia draw themselves with different characteristics than women without eating disorders. The study, by Israeli researchers, included 36 women with anorexia or bulimia and 40 women with no eating disorder, half of them overweight and half normal weight. The women were asked to draw themselves, and the researchers found various differences between the groups in four areas: Women with anorexia or bulimia tended to portray themselves with a larger neck, a disconnected neck or no neck. The mouth was more emphasized by women with anorexia or bulimia. Depictions of wider thighs were more common among participants with eating disorders. Women with anorexia or bulimia tended to draw pictures without feet or with disconnected ... Read more

Related support groups: Anorexia, Bulimia, Anorexia nervosa

Rate of Eating Disorders in Kids Keeps Rising

Posted 29 Nov 2010 by

MONDAY, Nov. 29 – Eating disorders have risen steadily in children and teens over the last few decades, with some of the sharpest increases occurring in boys and minority youths, according to a new report. In one startling statistic cited in the report, an analysis by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality found that hospitalizations for eating disorders jumped by 119 percent between 1999 and 2006 for kids younger than 12. At the same time as severe cases of anorexia and bulimia have risen, so too have "partial-syndrome" eating disorders – young people who have some, but not all, of the symptoms of an eating disorder. Athletes, including gymnasts and wrestlers, and performers, including dancers and models, may be particularly at risk, according to the report. "We are seeing a lot more eating disorders than we used to and we are seeing it in people we didn't associate with ... Read more

Related support groups: Anorexia, Bulimia, Anorexia nervosa

Anorexia Linked With Unplanned Pregnancies

Posted 3 Nov 2010 by

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 3 – Women with anorexia nervosa are much more likely to have unplanned pregnancies and abortions than women without the eating disorder, a study of Norwegian women has found. This may be due to the mistaken belief that women with anorexia can't get pregnant because they have irregular menstrual periods or no periods at all, said study lead author Cynthia M. Bulik, director of the eating disorders program at the University of North Carolina (UNC). "Anorexia is not a good contraceptive. Just because you're not menstruating, or because you're menstruating irregularly, doesn't mean you're not at risk for becoming pregnant," she said in a UNC news release. Bulik and colleagues analyzed data on 62,060 women included in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study and identified 62 who reported having anorexia nervosa. Unplanned pregnancies were reported by 50 percent of women ... Read more

Related support groups: Anorexia, Anorexia nervosa

People With Anorexia May Risk Serious Eye Damage

Posted 20 Oct 2010 by

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 20 – People with the eating disorder anorexia nervosa may be at risk for potentially serious eye damage, says a small new study from Greece. This damage can occur in the macula, which is located near the center of the retina at the back of the eye and is responsible for fine detailed central vision and the processing of light. In this study, researchers at the University of Athens compared the thickness of the macula and its electrical activity in the eyes of 13 women who'd had anorexia nervosa for an average of 10 years and 20 healthy women without anorexia who served as controls. The average age of the women was 28. When compared to the healthy women, those with anorexia nervosa had no obvious visual problems and their eyes were working normally. However, the macula and the nerve layers feeding it (retinal nerve fibers) were much thinner in the eyes of the women with ... Read more

Related support groups: Anorexia, Anorexia nervosa

Eating Disorders, Addictions Tough to Treat in Teens

Posted 1 Jul 2010 by

THURSDAY, July 1 – When it comes to treating eating disorders and addictions, the path to recovery may be even harder – and less straightforward – for children and teens than it is for adults, experts say. "Disorders that start when you're young, in adolescence, no matter what the disorder, are always harder to treat and harder to recover from," said Dr. David Schlager, a clinical assistant professor of psychiatry and behavioral science at Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine. This applies both to a wide range of problems, he said, from eating disorders such as bulimia and anorexia, to addictions and mental illness. No one knows exactly why this is so, in terms of brain chemistry, but adolescence can be hard enough even without these complications. "There are so many crucial things going on, so much pressure to establish yourself in various ways," explained Schlager, ... Read more

Related support groups: Bulimia, Anorexia nervosa

Belly-Baring Cheerleaders at Raised Risk of Eating Disorders

Posted 4 Jun 2010 by

FRIDAY, June 4 – Midriff-revealing uniforms are linked to a higher risk of eating disorders among college cheerleaders, new research shows. Toni Torres-McGehee, an assistant professor of athletic training at the University of South Carolina, studied 136 college cheerleaders in Division I and Division II, trying to determine if there were links between their team positions, their clothing requirements (full or midriff uniforms, for example), body image and prevalence of eating disorders. One-third of the cheerleaders appeared to be at risk of developing eating disorders, and those on teams with uniforms that bared the midriff were at highest risk. They were also most likely to have body-image issues. "Maladaptive body image and eating behaviors can form during youth and last a lifetime," Torres-McGehee said in a news release. "Teams and coaches should consider the long-term effects of ... Read more

Related support groups: Bulimia, Anorexia nervosa

Brain Volume Lost to Anorexia Reversible

Posted 2 Jun 2010 by

WEDNESDAY, June 2 – Patients suffering from the eating disorder anorexia nervosa can actually lose brain volume, but new research suggests that, with special treatment, adult patients can regain the gray matter that they lost from relentless dieting. "Anorexia nervosa wreaks havoc on many different parts of the body, including the brain," study author Christina Roberto, of Yale University, said in a news release. "In our study, we measured brain volume deficits among underweight patients with the illness to evaluate if the decline is reversible through short-term weight restoration." Working out of the Columbia University Center for Eating Disorders in New York City, Roberto and her colleagues conducted MRI scans of the brains of 32 adult female inpatients diagnosed with anorexia, as well as 21 healthy women. Anorexia patients were found to have less brain volume than healthy women, ... Read more

Related support groups: Anorexia, Anorexia nervosa

Many With Serious Eating Disorders Could Go Undiagnosed

Posted 12 Apr 2010 by

MONDAY, April 12 – The standard criteria psychiatrists use to diagnose anorexia nervosa and bulimia may be too rigid and exclude many patients who urgently require treatment for eating disorders, a new study suggests. These patients are typically categorized as "Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified" (EDNOS), which has become a "mosh pit" that lumps dissimilar patients into a single category that's poorly recognized by doctors and health insurers, according to primary author Dr. Rebecka Peebles, an adolescent medicine specialist with the Comprehensive Eating Disorders Program at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital in California. The EDNOS label is "a bit misleading to patients – it can make them feel like they don't have a real eating disorder," Peebles said in a hospital news release. She and her colleagues investigated whether adolescents with EDNOS are less ill than those who meet ... Read more

Related support groups: Bulimia, Anorexia nervosa

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