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ADHD Stimulant Drug Abuse Common Among Young Adults: Survey

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 13, 2014 – Nearly one in every five college students abuses prescription stimulants, according to a new survey sponsored by the Partnership for Drug-Free Kids. The survey also found that one in seven non-students of similar age also report abusing stimulant medications. Young adults aged 18 to 25 report using the drugs to help them stay awake, study or improve their work or school performance. The most commonly abused stimulants are those typically prescribed for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), such as Adderall, Ritalin and Vyvanse, the survey found. "The findings shed a new and surprising light on the young adult who is abusing prescription stimulants," said Sean Clarkin, director of strategy and program management for the Partnership for Drug-Free Kids. "While there is some 'recreational' abuse, the typical misuser is a male college student whose grade ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Vyvanse, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Lisdexamfetamine, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Metadate ER

U.S. Kids Use ADHD Meds More During School Year

Posted 17 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Oct. 17, 2014 – American children's use of stimulant medications is 30 percent higher during the school year than in the summer, a new study indicates. The findings suggest that many children may use stimulants to help them meet academic demands, according to the researchers. Stimulant medications improve concentration and help manage symptoms associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). They are the most widely used type of medication among teens, the researchers said. Currently, about 6 percent of U.S. children use stimulants, up from about 2.4 percent in 1996, the study authors noted. The current study included an analysis of prescriptions written for stimulants in the United States during the 2007 to 2008 school year. The study revealed that use of the drugs during school months is highest among children in wealthier families. Stimulant use during school ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Metadate ER

ADHD Medications Won't Stunt Kids' Growth, Study Finds

Posted 2 Sep 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 2, 2014 – Stimulant medications – such as Adderall, Ritalin and Concerta – used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, won't stunt their growth, a new study suggests. "Stimulant medication did not affect children's final height as adults," said study researcher Dr. Slavica Katusic, an associate professor of pediatrics at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn. Katusic noted that results of earlier studies have been mixed, with some showing these drugs retard growth and others showing they don't. But, most of the previous studies had limitations, such as having too few children or spotty information about adult height, she said. Katusic said this study is unique because it followed a group of people with ADHD who were taking stimulant medications and compared them with a group with ADHD who were not taking medication and also a group that ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Metadate ER

Kids With ADHD More Likely to Abuse Drugs: Analysis

Posted 30 Jun 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 30, 2014 – Children suffering from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are more than twice as likely to try and abuse drugs, a new analysis finds. However, that does not mean that the medications that are prescribed to treat the most common childhood disorder in the United States play a part in that increased risk. In fact, "one of the main points [of the finding] is that treating ADHD both with behavioral techniques and medications seems to lower the risk of substance abuse," said analysis co-author Dr. Sharon Levy, director of the adolescent substance abuse program at Boston Children's Hospital. Although stimulants used to treat ADHD can be addictive, there is no evidence that using them increases the risk of substance abuse, Levy said. These medications include amphetamines, such as Adderall or Dexedrine, and methylphenidate (Concerta, Metadate CD or ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Dextroamphetamine, Dexedrine, Methylin, Daytrana, Substance Abuse, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Dextrostat, ProCentra, Quillivant XR, Metadate ER

No Sign That ADHD Meds Raise Suicide Risk: Study

Posted 22 Jun 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 20, 2014 – Drugs used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) do not increase the risk of suicide attempts or suicide, and may actually provide a protective effect, a new study suggests. Prior research had hinted that ADHD drugs might raise the risk of suicidal behavior, according to the authors of the new report. However, they believe that the findings of those studies were questionable due to their studies' small size or the methods used. The new study, led by Henrik Larsson of the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, included all of the nearly 38,000 people in Sweden diagnosed with ADHD between 1960 and 1996. Larsson's team tracked their rates of suicidal behaviors between 2006 through 2009, at times when they were taking ADHD drugs or not taking the medications. The result: The study found no evidence that taking ADHD drugs raised the risk of ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Vyvanse, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Focalin, Methylphenidate, Focalin XR, Dextroamphetamine, Dexedrine, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Dexmethylphenidate, Lisdexamfetamine, Ritalin-SR

Many Ivy League Students Admit Using ADHD Drugs for Better Grades: Study

Posted 2 May 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 2, 2014 – Almost one in five Ivy League college students acknowledge they've used stimulants to perform better in school even though they haven't been diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a new study shows. Varsity athletes and students in fraternities and sororities were more likely to report using the medications. However, about half of those who'd used the drugs said they'd done so fewer than four times, suggesting that regular use of the drugs is limited to a small number of students overall. It's not clear if the students surveyed are representative of their university or of American colleges at large. Still, the findings reflect other research that suggests stimulant use is a problem on college campuses across the country, said study co-author Dr. Andrew Adesman, chief of developmental and behavioral pediatrics at Steven and Alexandra Cohen ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Adderall XR, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine

ADHD Drugs Linked to Later Weight Gain in Kids

Posted 17 Mar 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 17, 2014 – Children diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) tend to gain more weight than their peers as they enter their teen years, a new study finds. The weight differences seem to be most pronounced for kids who had taken stimulant medications to control their symptoms, suggesting that there might be something about the drugs themselves that aggravate the problem, the researchers said. "The reason we think it is more likely to be the drugs than the diagnosis is because the earlier the drugs were started and the longer the drugs were used, the stronger the effects," said study author Dr. Brian Schwartz, an epidemiologist at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, in Baltimore. "If you agree with the reports that stimulants may be over-prescribed, then this is another important cost of that over-treatment – kids who have dramatic ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Metadate ER

Landmark ADHD Study Backed Drugs Over Therapy at a Cost: Report

Posted 30 Dec 2013 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 30, 2013 – Many children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may have missed out on valuable counseling because of a widely touted study that concluded stimulants such as Ritalin or Adderall were more effective for treating the disorder than medication plus behavioral therapies, experts say. That 20-year-old study, funded with $11 million from the U.S. National Institute of Mental Health, concluded that the medications outperformed a combination of stimulants plus skills-training therapy or therapy alone as a long-term treatment. But now experts, who include some of the study's authors, think that relying on such a narrow avenue of treatment may deprive children, their families and their teachers of effective strategies for coping with ADHD, The New York Times reported Monday. "I hope it didn't do irreparable damage," study co-author Dr. Lily Hechtman, of ... Read more

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Preschoolers' Use of Psychiatric Drugs Levels Off, Study Shows

Posted 30 Sep 2013 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 30 – Doctors don't seem to be as quick as they once were to reach for their prescription pads when treating preschoolers for mental troubles, a new study shows. The research, published online Sept. 30 in the journal Pediatrics, looked at recent trends in the use of psychotropic medications – drugs that alter mood or behavior – in children between the ages of 2 and 5. After reaching a peak between 2002 and 2005, the use of drugs such as stimulants and antidepressants to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and depression, respectively, leveled off between 2006 and 2009, even though diagnoses of those disorders climbed over the same time period. The study suggests that doctors may be using treatments such as behavioral therapy and counseling, instead of prescriptions, to help young kids. "Our study couldn't determine that, but that's my biggest hope, that ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Phentermine, Vyvanse, Concerta, Ritalin, Amphetamine, Adderall XR, Strattera, Focalin, Adipex-P, Nuvigil, Caffeine, Provigil, Methylphenidate, Methamphetamine, Focalin XR, Dextroamphetamine, Phendimetrazine, Dexedrine

Many Parents Unaware of Teens' Abuse of ADHD Drugs

Posted 31 May 2013 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 31 – One in 10 teens admits to using a prescription stimulant or amphetamine to boost their performance in school, but most parents aren't aware of the scope of the problem, a new study finds. In an effort to stay alert and get better grades, students are taking so-called "study drugs," such as Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin and Vyvanse, which are intended to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Taking these medications, however, has not been shown to help students improve their grades, the researchers said, and abuse of these drugs could be very dangerous. A national survey of more than 700 randomly selected households with teens, conducted in January by the University of Michigan Mott Children's Hospital, found that only 1 percent of parents of teens between 13 and 17 years old believe their child has taken a stimulant as a study aid. Yet in a 2012 ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Vyvanse, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Lisdexamfetamine, Ritalin-SR, Metadate ER

ADHD Meds Don't Raise Risk of Drug Abuse in Adulthood: Review

Posted 29 May 2013 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 29 – Children taking stimulants to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) don't face a greater risk of becoming drug addicts in adulthood, researchers report. Whether or not these medications (such as Ritalin or Adderall) increase the odds of children becoming addicted later to alcohol, cocaine, marijuana, nicotine or other drugs has been debated for years, with studies coming to conflicting conclusions. "Previously, there was evidence for both increased risk and decreased risk for substance problems related to stimulant medication in the treatment of ADHD," said study author Kathryn Humphreys, a doctoral student in psychology at University of California, Los Angeles. "The present study suggests that, on average, children who received stimulant medication treatment for ADHD are at no differential risk for these substance outcomes than their counterparts ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Phentermine, Vyvanse, Concerta, Ritalin, Amphetamine, Adderall XR, Strattera, Focalin, Adipex-P, Nuvigil, Caffeine, Provigil, Methylphenidate, Methamphetamine, Focalin XR, Dextroamphetamine, Phendimetrazine, Dexedrine

Don't Give ADHD Meds to Undiagnosed Kids, Experts Urge

Posted 13 Mar 2013 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 13 – Some people call it "brain doping" or "meducation." Others label the problem "neuroenhancement." Whatever the term, the American Academy of Neurology has published a position paper criticizing the practice of prescribing "study drugs" to boost memory and thinking abilities in healthy children and teens. The authors said physicians are prescribing drugs that are typically used for children and teenagers diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) for students solely to improve their ability to ace a critical exam – such as the college admission SAT – or to get better grades in school. Dr. William Graf, lead author of the paper and a professor of pediatrics and neurology at Yale School of Medicine, emphasized that the statement doesn't apply to the appropriate diagnosis and treatment of ADHD. Rather, he is concerned about what he calls ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Phentermine, Vyvanse, Concerta, Ritalin, Amphetamine, Adderall XR, Strattera, Focalin, Adipex-P, Nuvigil, Caffeine, Provigil, Methylphenidate, Methamphetamine, Focalin XR, Dextroamphetamine, Phendimetrazine, Dexedrine

ADHD Treatments Not Working for Most Young Children

Posted 11 Feb 2013 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 11 – Most young children being treated for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD ) – either with or without medication – still have serious symptoms of their condition, according to a new long-term study. The neurobehavioral disorder interferes with the ability to concentrate. ADHD also causes restlessness, hyperactivity and impulsive behavior, which can have lasting effects on children's intellectual and emotional development. "ADHD is becoming a more common diagnosis in early childhood, so understanding how the disorder progresses in this age group is critical," study lead investigator Dr. Mark Riddle, a pediatric psychiatrist at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center, said in a Hopkins news release. "We found that ADHD in preschoolers is a chronic and rather persistent condition, one that requires better long-term behavioral and pharmacological treatments than ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Phentermine, Vyvanse, Concerta, Ritalin, Amphetamine, Adderall XR, Strattera, Focalin, Adipex-P, Nuvigil, Caffeine, Provigil, Methylphenidate, Methamphetamine, Focalin XR, Dextroamphetamine, Phendimetrazine, Dexedrine

Psychiatric Drugs More Often Prescribed in the South

Posted 1 Feb 2013 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 1 – Use of psychiatric medications is most prevalent in the southern United States and least prevalent in the West, according to a new U.S. study. Although people living in the West are the least likely to use antipsychotics, antidepressants and stimulants, the Yale researchers found that the drugs' use is 40 percent higher in a large section of the South than in other parts of the country. The study authors attributed this discrepancy to variations in local access to health care and marketing efforts within the pharmaceutical industry. "The geographic patterns we identify are striking and map onto the patterns found for a host of other medical conditions and treatments, from cognitive decline to bypass surgery," Marissa King, assistant professor of organizational behavior at the Yale School of Management, said in a school news release. "Our work suggests that access to ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Bipolar Disorder, Lexapro, Adderall, Zoloft, Cymbalta, Wellbutrin, Effexor, Prozac, Seroquel, Celexa, Paxil, Phentermine, Trazodone, Vyvanse, Citalopram, Abilify, Pristiq, Lithium, Viibryd

ER Visits Linked to ADHD Meds Up Sharply

Posted 25 Jan 2013 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Jan. 25 – U.S. emergency department visits involving attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) drugs more than doubled from 2005 to 2010, with the largest hike occurring among adults, says a new government report. In that period, such ER visits rose from about 13,400 to 31,200, according to the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). "ADHD medications, when properly prescribed and used, can be of enormous benefit to those suffering from ADHD, but like any other medication they can pose serious risks – particularly when they are misused," SAMHSA administrator Pamela Hyde said in an agency news release. In adults, cases rose from about 2,100 to 8,100 among those aged 18 to 25, from about 1,750 to 6,100 among those aged 26 to 34 and from roughly 2,500 to nearly 8,000 among those over 35, during the time period. Rates among children and teens ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Phentermine, Vyvanse, Concerta, Ritalin, Amphetamine, Adderall XR, Strattera, Focalin, Adipex-P, Nuvigil, Caffeine, Provigil, Methylphenidate, Methamphetamine, Focalin XR, Dextroamphetamine, Phendimetrazine, Dexedrine

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