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Misuse of ADHD-Type Drugs Starts Long Before College: Study

Posted 4 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 4, 2015 – Young Americans start misusing prescription stimulant medications such as Ritalin and Adderall at an earlier age than previously believed, a new study says. The University of Michigan study suggests efforts to prevent misuse of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) drugs and other prescription stimulants should begin in middle school. "We need to have a realistic understanding of when young people are beginning to experiment with stimulants, so we can prevent them from misusing for the first time," study author Elizabeth Austic, a postdoctoral fellow at the university's Injury Center, said in a university news release. "To prevent someone from using for the first time is often more cost-efficient and effective than trying to intervene once they have done it, whether a few times or for years," she said. The researchers analyzed data from more than ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Drug Dependence, Ritalin LA, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Ritalin-SR

More U.S. Kids Getting Mental Health Treatment

Posted 20 May 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 20, 2015 – The number of U.S. children and teens being treated for mental health issues has risen by about 50 percent in the past 20 years – with most of those kids having relatively mild symptoms, a new study finds. The research, published in the May 21 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, comes at a time of growing concern over young people's mental health treatment. In particular, some worry that kids with milder issues are being overtreated with antidepressants, stimulants (such as those used for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) and antipsychotic drugs, said lead researcher Dr. Mark Olfson, a professor of clinical psychiatry at Columbia University in New York City. According to Olfson, his findings suggest that kids with less serious symptoms account for a large share of young people getting mental health care – whether that means medication or ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Anxiety and Stress, Adderall, Wellbutrin, Phentermine, Vyvanse, Viibryd, Social Anxiety Disorder, Bupropion, Concerta, Ritalin, Major Depressive Disorder, Adderall XR, Amphetamine, Wellbutrin XL, Adipex-P, Strattera, Focalin, Nuvigil

ADHD Tied to Higher Risk of Eating Disorder in Kids and Teens

Posted 1 May 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 1, 2015 – Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have an increased risk of a certain type of eating disorder, according to a new study. The eating disorder is called loss of control eating syndrome (LOC-ES). As the name implies, people with this disorder sometimes can't stop eating, even if they want to, according to the researchers from the Johns Hopkins Children's Center in Baltimore. Their study included 79 children between the ages of 8 and 14. The kids were assessed for ADHD and the eating disorder. Those with ADHD were 12 times more likely to have the eating disorder than those without ADHD, the study revealed. Among overweight and obese children, those with LOC-ES were seven times more likely to have ADHD than those without the eating disorder. Also, children who scored higher on tests of impulsivity were more likely to have the eating ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Obesity, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Strattera, Focalin, Methylphenidate, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Focalin XR, Dextroamphetamine, Dexedrine, Intuniv, Eating Disorder, Methylin, Daytrana, Binge Eating Disorder, Bulimia, Metadate CD

Cocaine, Amphetamines May Up Injection Drug Users' Suicide Risk

Posted 19 Dec 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 19, 2014 – Injectable drug users who also use cocaine and amphetamines have nearly double the suicide attempt rate of other substance users, a new study finds. "We know that substance use is associated with the risk of suicide attempt and completed suicide," Didier Jutras-Aswad, a psychiatry professor at the University of Montreal, said in a university news release. "However, there are many different profiles of drug users. We wanted to know who among substance users were actually more likely to attempt suicide." The researchers studied 1,200 adults who had injected drugs within the previous six months. In surveys, researchers asked them questions about drug use and suicide attempts. At the start of the study, 6 percent of participants said they'd tried to commit suicide within the past six months, a much higher rate than in the general population. Participants were then ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Adderall XR, Amphetamine, Methamphetamine, Dextroamphetamine, Dexedrine, Desoxyn, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Dextrostat, ProCentra, Substance Abuse - Cocaine, Desoxyn Gradumet, Zenzedi, Liquadd

ADHD Stimulant Drug Abuse Common Among Young Adults: Survey

Posted 13 Nov 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 13, 2014 – Nearly one in every five college students abuses prescription stimulants, according to a new survey sponsored by the Partnership for Drug-Free Kids. The survey also found that one in seven non-students of similar age also report abusing stimulant medications. Young adults aged 18 to 25 report using the drugs to help them stay awake, study or improve their work or school performance. The most commonly abused stimulants are those typically prescribed for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), such as Adderall, Ritalin and Vyvanse, the survey found. "The findings shed a new and surprising light on the young adult who is abusing prescription stimulants," said Sean Clarkin, director of strategy and program management for the Partnership for Drug-Free Kids. "While there is some 'recreational' abuse, the typical misuser is a male college student whose grade ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Vyvanse, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Lisdexamfetamine, Ritalin-SR, Metadate ER, Quillivant XR

U.S. Kids Use ADHD Meds More During School Year

Posted 17 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Oct. 17, 2014 – American children's use of stimulant medications is 30 percent higher during the school year than in the summer, a new study indicates. The findings suggest that many children may use stimulants to help them meet academic demands, according to the researchers. Stimulant medications improve concentration and help manage symptoms associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). They are the most widely used type of medication among teens, the researchers said. Currently, about 6 percent of U.S. children use stimulants, up from about 2.4 percent in 1996, the study authors noted. The current study included an analysis of prescriptions written for stimulants in the United States during the 2007 to 2008 school year. The study revealed that use of the drugs during school months is highest among children in wealthier families. Stimulant use during school ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Metadate ER, Quillivant XR

ADHD Medications Won't Stunt Kids' Growth, Study Finds

Posted 2 Sep 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 2, 2014 – Stimulant medications – such as Adderall, Ritalin and Concerta – used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, won't stunt their growth, a new study suggests. "Stimulant medication did not affect children's final height as adults," said study researcher Dr. Slavica Katusic, an associate professor of pediatrics at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn. Katusic noted that results of earlier studies have been mixed, with some showing these drugs retard growth and others showing they don't. But, most of the previous studies had limitations, such as having too few children or spotty information about adult height, she said. Katusic said this study is unique because it followed a group of people with ADHD who were taking stimulant medications and compared them with a group with ADHD who were not taking medication and also a group that ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Metadate ER, Quillivant XR

Kids With ADHD More Likely to Abuse Drugs: Analysis

Posted 30 Jun 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 30, 2014 – Children suffering from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are more than twice as likely to try and abuse drugs, a new analysis finds. However, that does not mean that the medications that are prescribed to treat the most common childhood disorder in the United States play a part in that increased risk. In fact, "one of the main points [of the finding] is that treating ADHD both with behavioral techniques and medications seems to lower the risk of substance abuse," said analysis co-author Dr. Sharon Levy, director of the adolescent substance abuse program at Boston Children's Hospital. Although stimulants used to treat ADHD can be addictive, there is no evidence that using them increases the risk of substance abuse, Levy said. These medications include amphetamines, such as Adderall or Dexedrine, and methylphenidate (Concerta, Metadate CD or ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Dextroamphetamine, Dexedrine, Methylin, Daytrana, Substance Abuse, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Dextrostat, Ritalin-SR, ProCentra, Metadate ER, Zenzedi

No Sign That ADHD Meds Raise Suicide Risk: Study

Posted 22 Jun 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 20, 2014 – Drugs used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) do not increase the risk of suicide attempts or suicide, and may actually provide a protective effect, a new study suggests. Prior research had hinted that ADHD drugs might raise the risk of suicidal behavior, according to the authors of the new report. However, they believe that the findings of those studies were questionable due to their studies' small size or the methods used. The new study, led by Henrik Larsson of the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, included all of the nearly 38,000 people in Sweden diagnosed with ADHD between 1960 and 1996. Larsson's team tracked their rates of suicidal behaviors between 2006 through 2009, at times when they were taking ADHD drugs or not taking the medications. The result: The study found no evidence that taking ADHD drugs raised the risk of ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Vyvanse, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Focalin, Methylphenidate, Focalin XR, Dextroamphetamine, Dexedrine, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Dexmethylphenidate, Lisdexamfetamine, Ritalin-SR

Many Ivy League Students Admit Using ADHD Drugs for Better Grades: Study

Posted 2 May 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 2, 2014 – Almost one in five Ivy League college students acknowledge they've used stimulants to perform better in school even though they haven't been diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a new study shows. Varsity athletes and students in fraternities and sororities were more likely to report using the medications. However, about half of those who'd used the drugs said they'd done so fewer than four times, suggesting that regular use of the drugs is limited to a small number of students overall. It's not clear if the students surveyed are representative of their university or of American colleges at large. Still, the findings reflect other research that suggests stimulant use is a problem on college campuses across the country, said study co-author Dr. Andrew Adesman, chief of developmental and behavioral pediatrics at Steven and Alexandra Cohen ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Adderall XR, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine

ADHD Drugs Linked to Later Weight Gain in Kids

Posted 17 Mar 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 17, 2014 – Children diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) tend to gain more weight than their peers as they enter their teen years, a new study finds. The weight differences seem to be most pronounced for kids who had taken stimulant medications to control their symptoms, suggesting that there might be something about the drugs themselves that aggravate the problem, the researchers said. "The reason we think it is more likely to be the drugs than the diagnosis is because the earlier the drugs were started and the longer the drugs were used, the stronger the effects," said study author Dr. Brian Schwartz, an epidemiologist at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, in Baltimore. "If you agree with the reports that stimulants may be over-prescribed, then this is another important cost of that over-treatment – kids who have dramatic ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Metadate ER, Quillivant XR

Landmark ADHD Study Backed Drugs Over Therapy at a Cost: Report

Posted 30 Dec 2013 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 30, 2013 – Many children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may have missed out on valuable counseling because of a widely touted study that concluded stimulants such as Ritalin or Adderall were more effective for treating the disorder than medication plus behavioral therapies, experts say. That 20-year-old study, funded with $11 million from the U.S. National Institute of Mental Health, concluded that the medications outperformed a combination of stimulants plus skills-training therapy or therapy alone as a long-term treatment. But now experts, who include some of the study's authors, think that relying on such a narrow avenue of treatment may deprive children, their families and their teachers of effective strategies for coping with ADHD, The New York Times reported Monday. "I hope it didn't do irreparable damage," study co-author Dr. Lily Hechtman, of ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Metadate ER, Quillivant XR

Preschoolers' Use of Psychiatric Drugs Levels Off, Study Shows

Posted 30 Sep 2013 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 30 – Doctors don't seem to be as quick as they once were to reach for their prescription pads when treating preschoolers for mental troubles, a new study shows. The research, published online Sept. 30 in the journal Pediatrics, looked at recent trends in the use of psychotropic medications – drugs that alter mood or behavior – in children between the ages of 2 and 5. After reaching a peak between 2002 and 2005, the use of drugs such as stimulants and antidepressants to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and depression, respectively, leveled off between 2006 and 2009, even though diagnoses of those disorders climbed over the same time period. The study suggests that doctors may be using treatments such as behavioral therapy and counseling, instead of prescriptions, to help young kids. "Our study couldn't determine that, but that's my biggest hope, that ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Phentermine, Vyvanse, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Amphetamine, Adipex-P, Strattera, Focalin, Nuvigil, Caffeine, Provigil, Methylphenidate, Focalin XR, Methamphetamine, Dextroamphetamine, Phendimetrazine, Dexedrine

Many Parents Unaware of Teens' Abuse of ADHD Drugs

Posted 31 May 2013 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 31 – One in 10 teens admits to using a prescription stimulant or amphetamine to boost their performance in school, but most parents aren't aware of the scope of the problem, a new study finds. In an effort to stay alert and get better grades, students are taking so-called "study drugs," such as Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin and Vyvanse, which are intended to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Taking these medications, however, has not been shown to help students improve their grades, the researchers said, and abuse of these drugs could be very dangerous. A national survey of more than 700 randomly selected households with teens, conducted in January by the University of Michigan Mott Children's Hospital, found that only 1 percent of parents of teens between 13 and 17 years old believe their child has taken a stimulant as a study aid. Yet in a 2012 ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Vyvanse, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Lisdexamfetamine, Ritalin-SR, Metadate ER

ADHD Meds Don't Raise Risk of Drug Abuse in Adulthood: Review

Posted 29 May 2013 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 29 – Children taking stimulants to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) don't face a greater risk of becoming drug addicts in adulthood, researchers report. Whether or not these medications (such as Ritalin or Adderall) increase the odds of children becoming addicted later to alcohol, cocaine, marijuana, nicotine or other drugs has been debated for years, with studies coming to conflicting conclusions. "Previously, there was evidence for both increased risk and decreased risk for substance problems related to stimulant medication in the treatment of ADHD," said study author Kathryn Humphreys, a doctoral student in psychology at University of California, Los Angeles. "The present study suggests that, on average, children who received stimulant medication treatment for ADHD are at no differential risk for these substance outcomes than their counterparts ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Phentermine, Vyvanse, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Amphetamine, Adipex-P, Strattera, Focalin, Nuvigil, Caffeine, Provigil, Methylphenidate, Focalin XR, Methamphetamine, Dextroamphetamine, Phendimetrazine, Dexedrine

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